Slaves faced extreme brutality and Morrison focuses on rape and sexual assault as the most terrifying form of abuse. It is because of this abuse that Morrison’s characters are trapped in their pasts, unable to move on from the psychological damages that they have endured. “Morrison revises the conventional slave narrative by insisting on the primacy of sexual assault over other experiences of brutality” (Barnett 420). For telling Mrs. Garner what they had done, she was badly beaten by them, leaving a “chokecherry tree” (16) on her back. But that was not the overriding issue.
This becomes repetitive and compulsive which leads to a lot of rapes in a short span of time. • Sadistic – This is anger and power combined emotion that leads to the imbalance of the person’s mental state resulting in aggression and infliction of pain provides them pleasure. These are usually calculated and planned attempts to rape the victim. • Gang rape – With adrenaline running in the veins, groups of young men display sexual violence to show characteristics of manhood. Sexually aggressive peers are those who perform such heinous act.
Many women experience multiple episodes of violence that may start in the prenatal period and continue through childhood to adulthood and old age. The lifecycle approach to ‘gender-based violence helps one understand the cumulative impact of violence experienced by women and girls, especially in terms of its physical and mental health consequences. Gender violence is also the most powerful predictor of rape, sexual assault, psychological abuse and relationship violence. These crimes are predominantly against women and perpetrated by men. Gender violence highlights a male-patterned violence: a prevalent violence committed most often but not always by men, often motivated by aggression, revenge, competition, and entitlement, and includes sexual and other violence against women, girls and children.
Note: Many of these myths and facts refer to rape between a man and a woman and the ideas that people have about this. It is important to realise that rape can happen between same sex partners as well and that thinking that rape can only happen between a man and a woman is also a myth. In certain rare instances women have been known to rape men but at Rape Crisis we have found this to be the exception rather than the rule and so we base our comments on rape between a man and a woman realising that each rape is unique even as we generalise about it. MYTH: A woman who gets drunk is inviting
There is a man that feels superior to a woman, so he rapes her, even though she does not want to. This story can be related to Irigaray’s ideas that man is a ‘singular’ subject capable of governing all. Irigaray criticizes Freud; she believes he only sees sexuality, ‘’All her efforts are directed toward the conquest of the male sexual organ’’ (Irigaray, p. 9). Society, absorbing all these ideas from recognized people that men are above women, justifies men’s actions. That is what usually happens in society when women are raped: people tend to comment ‘she must have done something to attract him,’ instead of trying to change a patriarchy that is constructed since childhood as Judith Butler affirms ‘’gender is constructed by society’’ (Butler, p. 35) and Irigaray explains ‘‘the mother speaks
There is power imbalance between the men who sell the women for sex (Pimps), the men who buy the sex (johns), and the women who sell the sex (prostitutes). This power imbalance I accept is true for those prostitutes that enter into the sex-work freely. It can be assumed that the johns exploit prostitutes either by refusing to wear condoms when requested or not paying the full price of their contract. This example shows that women who are economically vulnerable even if with the consent to enter into the business willingly faces male domination because their financial status limits their choice in johns and their choice in profession. A public statement by Space international (2008) adequately explains the oppression of prostitutes by johns.
Rape and sexual assault does not only occur in the ancient times of The Scarlet Letter but is extremely prevalent in today’s society and is normalized through the depiction of rape culture presented in the media. In today’s society, it is imperative to address the rape culture that is being cultivated by the objectification of women, normalization of violence against them, and the recurring victimization of the victim because it leaves men confused in their relationships with women and women feeling disempowered and violated. One of the initial causes of rape culture is the way in which women are being objectified by men and the media as it creates a society that disregards women’s rights and safety. From a very young age, men are encouraged to believe that all women are property because of the media. In magazine advertisements, it has been tested that sexual objectification occurs more frequently for women than for men and that women are 3 times more likely to be dressed in a sexually provocative manner.
There are around 12.6 million children are engaged in hazardous occupations. Only 10% of human trafficking in India is international, while almost 90% is interstate. Nearly 40,000 children are abducted every year of which 11000 remain untraced according to a report by the National Human Rights Commission of India. NGO’s estimate that 12,000-50,000 women and children are trafficked into the country annually from neighbouring states for the sex trade. Human trafficking has an immensely negative effect on the psychological, and mental state apart from the social status.
This in turn instigates young men.” Girls tease men by wearing skimpy dresses who, in turn, tease them. Why not tease them? Asaram Bapu on Delhi Gangrape in 2012, “The victim is as guilty as her rapists… She should have called the culprits brothers and begged before them to
Girls under 15 account for 2 million of the 7.3 million births that occur to adolescent girls under 18 every year in developing countries (UNFPA, 2013). Nepal Even though there is decline in the teen birth rates in the west; teen pregnancy remains a significant problem worldwide. Adolescent childbearing is an aged old problem even in Nepal. Significant and considerable number of women gets married and bear child in their teenage in Nepal but they are not equally distributed across urban and rural areas and exact data are not available (Dangal, 2005, p.263). Adolescent comprises of 23% of 23 million of Nepalese population.