And they swim in groups called pods. The whales are highly intelligent and use sounds to communicate with each other to find their way. But when people take and capture the whales to put them in captivity, they break apart the groups and, the whales get separated from their group or their family. The text also states, “More than 210 belugas, including 31 in the United States, live in aquariums and zoos around the world.
To illustrate, Dawn Brancheau was a trainer at SeaWorld and on February 24, 2010 she was dragged down into the water and mauled by Tilikum, a 12,000 pound killer whale who had a history of being aggressive (Cowperthwaite) . Tilikum was captured just at 2 years old. Many killer whales in the wild are not aggressive or hyperactive, so while being in captivity Tilikum adopted these traits thus causing the death of Dawn and many others. Similarly, throughout the years there have been numerous accounts of killer whale trainers being injured or killed (Halverstadt). The killer whales in captivity are very hostile, when the trainers get in the water it's a perfect opportunity for the whales to grab them and drag them down.
A killer whale named Tilikum was placed in Sealand and he was expected to perform tricks that he had never done, and if he performed them incorrectly all of the whales were withheld food. “This annoyed the others, so they would rake him with their teeth, causing him to bleed” (Lewis). In the wild, when a dominant orca begins showing aggression the other orca has thousands of miles to swim away and flee the scene. However, these animals are in pools where they do not have that option. Living in these tanks are essentially giving killer whales the image of being monsters.
Whales are able to slow their breathing and heart rate, so many that appear dead are still conscious and feel immense pain. Eventually the whales die of suffocation. Dr Lillie a ship 's physician on a whale expedition in 1946 said, “The gunners themselves admit that if whales could scream, the industry would stop, for nobody would be able to stand it.” This statement clearly tells us that this act against whales is so cruel, if they had a voice people would not be able to handle the things being said. For it would be to honest people would think they were lying.
(Blackfish). Killer whales in the wild are aggressive towards each other just as they are to humans, in 1989 an accident involving two whales: Kandu and Corky resulted in Kandu bleeding to death. (Kirby 2) this would have never happened if the whales had the enough space they needed to separate from each other. Contrastingly, killer whales in the wild are more peaceful toward each other and humans. There is only one accident of an orca biting someone in the wild.
One situation that can be pointed out is the conservation of Orcas, which are also known as killer whales. As Animal Welfare Institute states, “ captivity decreases orcas lifespan” (AWI). AWI also discusses that orcas can swim up to 100 miles per day and routinely dive to 300 feet. In reality just imagine going on a boat ride way out in the ocean, and while gazing around an orca is spotted. Its huge body rises above the waters peeking out to seek whos around, but before any photos could be taken it is gone.
Another factor that goes along with this is that if a person does get bit it is only because the shark is curious and it mistakes you for a fish. Sharks will feel the vibration of you moving around in its lateral line. Sharks strictly feed off of any sea creature not humans, the shark will quickly realize you are not a sea creature when it does bite you and it will most likely go away. The shark myths that exist are all mainly false.
By using the particular interview with a former trainer which he stated ‘I always thought you needed, like a master 's degree in marine biology to be a trainer. It takes years of study and experience to meet the strict requirements necessary to interact in the water with Shamu. Come to find out, it really is more about your personality and how good you can swim. I went and tried out, got the job right away.’ This reveals that most of the trainers were ill-prepared and undertrained to deal with such creatures.
Blackfish (2013) is an American documentary film directed by Gabriela Cowperthwaite and produced by Manuel V. Oteyza. The documentary primarily concerns the controversy of captured Killer Whales at the theme park Sea World, primarily that of Tilikum, an Orca responsible for the deaths of 2010 SeaWorld trainer Dawn Brancheau and two other individuals. The documentary begins with this incident but goes as far back to the 1970 's show the audience how young Orcas are captured in the wild and taken from their families and natural environments. Since its release at the 2013 Sundance Film Festival Blackfish has achieved both critical acclaim and caused controversy regarding SeaWorld 's treatment of its animals as well as retaliation from SeaWorld as to the legitimacy of the film 's claims.