Secession Essay The Southerners felt they had to secede from the Union for many reasons. They wanted to make their own Confederate government so they could do what they wanted. Like for instance, have control of slavery in their territories. The state South Carolina was the first to secede, on December 20, 1860, followed by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina and Tennessee.
Even though the South was a part of the Union, and was bound by a contract, the South had every right to secede from the Union. Many states of the North has broken the Constitution, therefore the agreement that keeps the Southern states from seceding is broken. The North has also gained overwhelming power over the South in Congress, therefore the Southern states are not equally represented in the Union anymore. According to the tenth Amendment, the rights that are not listed in the Constitution are reserved for the states, and the right to secede is not in the Constitution. Therefore the Southern states should have been allowed to secede from the union as the government of the Union did not protect some of their given rights.
Westward Expansion and Slavery were the prominent reasons for the secession crisis. The North and South developed tension due to their differing economic backgrounds. The South’s economy was heavily reliant on slave labor to produce cotton, making them want to fight to protect their way of life and the pillars of their society. In contrast, industry fueled the North, allowing the region to see the evil nature of slavery and develop antislavery views. The Fugitive Slave act of 1850 forced Northerners to support the institution through returning runaway slaves, creating anger and resistance in the North and additional tension.
The South’s Decision STOP! Drop everything you’re doing and think! Why did the Southern states secede from the Union? Was it because of the South’s desire to be their own government or did they just do it for no good reason. The Northern States and the Southern States have always been different.
The Civil War was caused in part by the interaction of state’s rights that tore the Union apart. In “A Discourse of the Constitution and Government of the United States” by John C Calhoun, it states “A state, as a party to the constitutional compact, has the right to secede…” (Doc. E). John C Calhoun states that it is normal for states to want to break away, but is highly not recommended. The action of states showing their rights contribute to the cause of the Civil War.
With American manufactures rising, the government decided to impose a tariff or tax on all imported and exported goods. The excess tax would decrease the import of foreign goods and increase business for the American manufactures in the North. This forced the South to either pay more for their goods, get the goods from the North or manufacture their goods themselves. Slavery was holding the Southern economy together. The South needed slavery and every day more and more Americans opposed it.
In this paper there has been a discussion of the legislation and the tensions preceding the southern Secession. Based on this discussing it can be concluded that the tensions, which culminated with the Civil War, were present many decades before the secession itself. Even threats of Civil war and secession were present much prior to this particular conflict. This paper has also concluded that the threat of Lincoln was real to the South, because of the Republican party’s very distinct foundation as an anti-slavery party. Slavery was a soft spot in the South because of the substantial value slaves had. Slaves’ value was both as labour force in the profitable cotton industry but also as tradable property and the loss of slavery would mean a massive
A law had been passed that placed taxes on imported goods, however, Jackson managed to lower it. Despite the decreased tariff, it still made the people fill with rage. The tax had a much heavier impact on the South because farmers did have factories to make goods like the North. They relied solely on farming. Once state in particular that was hurt by the tariff was South Carolina.
The concept of slavery being taken away as a right led to the Southern states seceding, becoming a “country” of their own. They felt the North was not listening to them, and ignoring their rights clearly listed as an amendment. This amendment was included to gain the Southern states ratification of the constitution which ultimately led to the Civil War. The state having this type of power caused the Federalists to feel a bill of rights was redundant, but Anti-Federalists did not feel that it was written clear enough. They were not reassured.
The North had a significantly larger population, caused by both the surge in immigrants at the time, as well as the success of business and factories there, creating more jobs. This difference in population meant that the North did not need slavery, and that it supported government ideas that helped business. According to the Congressional Record, in New England and the Middle States, the majority of House votes were cast for the Tariff of 1816, while the majority of the South’s House votes were cast against the tariff (Document 7). These states were clearly in favor of business, while the South who relies on imports and exports, was wholly against it. Because factory jobs were in the North, railroads and steamboats were in vastly more demand in the North than they were in the South, increasing the speed at which a business could move its product, an essential for
‘Slavery was the root cause of secession’. ‘November 6 1860, Lincoln was elected president of America which resulted in panic emerging in the South’ . The election of Lincoln as president who was a Republican leader meant that ideologies, movements and values from the North would be implemented in the South which meant the abolition of slavery. Slavery was a huge characteristic of the South as the economy; politics; social status and psychological mind-sets were influenced by the process of slavery. The southern white population then derived the idea of secession which meant the South would gain independence from Northern aggression .
Calhoun wanted states to be able to declare which federal law they wanted to uphold or oppose, in other words nullification. South Carolina wanted to nullify the tariffs of 1828 and 1832 and the Vice President was fully backing the nullification. Jackson responded to these actions by asking Congress for the use of military force for this act of treason. In addition the Peggy Eaton Affair in which Calhoun and his wife were instrumental in the gossip of her moral character and social isolation, helped fuel the
Michael Jones R. Raby HIS 131 11/18/16 Compromise of 1850: Essay The meaning of the Compromise of 1850 was as a package of five separate bills passed by the United States Congress in September 1850, which defused a four-year political confrontation between slave and Free states regarding the status of territories acquired during the Mexican–American War (1846–48). Also I am going to talk about how it was important to the slaves. One of the legislative bills that was passed as part of the Compromise of 1850 was a new version of the Fugitive Slave Act. At first, Henry Clay introduced an omnibus bill covering these measures.
In this election, Lincoln and Douglas had some series of debates over slavery. Although Lincoln never exactly stated that he wanted to abolish slavery, much of the South believed he was an Abolitionist. At his speech in 1858 in Springfield Illinois, Lincoln wanted the nation to be one thing or another, meaning all free or all slave, because it couldn’t keep going on how it was, else it would fall apart. In his speech, Lincoln said, “...but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing or all the other” (Doc G).