New ideas about religion, politics, and culture, swept across Europe in the sixteenth century. The cultural norm began changing in ways that have affected even modern day society. People began questioning powers, especially in church. A major part of the Reformation was the call to purify the church. Many important and notable people drove this cause, and they acted as reformers.
Shopkeepers also tried to convert their workers, they changed their standards of hiring, and promised better wages to those who went to church and were temperate. There is one particular part of the book, that stands out and should be looked a little closer, as it contains key information and questions on understanding the revival. Chapter Two is called “Society” and it focuses on four main points that all return back to an overarching question. How did the higher level merchant and master-craftsman class lose dominance over the working class society and how does that factor into the revival? By looking at the individual data for each point Johnson presents, the answer to this question can be
Christians enriched Roman theology and art through cultural interactions. Culture was dramatically changed due to the transformation of religion to Christianity. Emperors constructed many new temples in honor of Christianity. The architecture puts a greater emphasis on the interior and the meaningful visuals instead of the exterior like they used to do. Churches provided social services like schooling and medical care.
Reform movements sought to expand democratic ideals in the years 1825 to 1850. These reform movements ranged from religion to women’s rights. While some movements were a success there were failures as well such as nativism and utopias. They failed to exemplify to democratic society. The reform movements were ignited by the Second Great Awakening.
The Antebellum Reform Movement includes: the Second Great Awakening, Abolitionism, Temperance, and Women’s Rights. The Great Awakening is one of the most notable events in the history of American religion. This event was a religious revival, that not only affected religion, but it also influenced the prison reform, the women’s rights movement, abolishment of slavery, and advancements in literature. The Abolitionist movement, was formed by groups and individuals with the purpose to end slavery. The Temperance movement was a social movement with the goal to decrease the consumption of alcoholic beverages.
During the 1730s and 1740s the Great Awakening was a religious revival that lead by the Protestants. The main idea of the revivals was to preach a new idea of being reborn which meant that one must except Jesus Christ as their lord and savior. Once that occurred the people in return they will be forever saved and be forgiven for the sins they have committed in the past and the ones they will commit in the future. The text the Itinerants Chapter 2 from the Great Awakening PDF is a great text to read for information on the Great Awakening. The text shows how people like George Whitefield and others like him reshaped the landscape of the religious world.
After the War of 1812, the United States underwent periods of cultural, governmental and social reform instigated by the population’s push for increased democracy, freedom, and rights. This time, The Second Great Awakening, changed citizens’ views on religion, morals, rights and life values up to and past the death of Zachary Taylor in 1850. Reform movements commenced by the populous focused on women’s rights, slavery, suffrage or improvement of government facilities. The restructuring of prisons yielded the most success by the reform movements, and the reformation of religion was the largest change on a social
The Progressive era became an iconic time that would not exist if the U.S. was not a democracy. Individuals became empowered to change after seeing all the problems that industrialization created. Progressive era reformers in the late 19th to the early 20th century believed in constructing a new order to improve American welfare. During the progressive movement many progressives such as Robert F. La Follete and Jane Addams sought to generate reform for fairness and to enhance moral values. As a civic duty, progressives such as W.E.B Du Bois fought against the racial injustice in America as well as establish a new order to create a more virtuous society.
The become what Sweet terms generally as the blood through which meaning flows. In his section “'B+' Blood Building” he concludes with several questions that aid the preacher in thinking more critically about the role of the metaphor in preaching narrative and how that might be used to communicate meaning. However, sometimes metaphor in the Bible need to be related to more contemporary metaphors to resonated with modern day listeners. Sweet, hoping to help pastors recognize the need for comparison and put the need into practice, poses the following question, “Paul's image of the body in 1 Corinthians 12 was a brilliant choice of metaphor. This may not be the metaphor you want to use for your people.
The Great Awakening refer to several periods of dramatic religious revival in Anglo-American religious history. They have also been described as periodic revolutions in American religious thought. The Age of Enlightenment refers to either the eighteenth century in European philosophy, or the longer period including the seventeenth century and the Age of Reason. I would have to go with the Enlightenment because it is the basis of our political culture and it led to the Great Awakening, which is the basis of our spiritual culture.
A religious movement, that made religion more popular, between 1730 - 1740. Jonathon Edwards and George Whitefield were the two who set off the great awakening. Jonathon Edwards helped set off the Great Awakening because of in his “powerful” sermons, he would call on colonists, also young people, to examine their lives. He would preach of god’s sweetness and beauty, but at the same time he would warn the listeners to pay attention to the bibles teachings. Otherwise, they would be sinners.
In Religious Experience and Journal of Mrs. Jarena Lee, Lee gave an account to preach the gospel to change the world eternally. Her account of the gospel was published according to the Act of Congress in the year 1839, in the Office of the Clerk of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania and for the author in Philadelphia, 1849. The connection with God and forgiveness within her soul created psychological effects on Lee’s personality. For example, Lee illustrated that she felt the power of the Holy Spirit, which influenced her subconscious thoughts to change immoral behavior and live peacefully. Lee idealized compassion, persuasion, and motivated other people in society to reunite with God.
This caused the notion of civil religion to come into existence, hence, Americans who used to be united by churches were now looking to politics and government for unification. Civil religion, that is to say, gave Americans a creed, code and a culture. Therefore, it was a way to bring everyone together as one in a nation that need a national
The Progressive Movement, which took place in the late 19th and early 20th century, started as social reform and morphed into a political platform. Religious groups, reporters and political activists all rallied around causes that they believed effected people who were weaker than those in power. Progressives wanted to improve social welfare and reform corrupt corporate and government practices. On the local, state, and federal level; progressivism provided the stage for public advocacy. The Progressive Movement is responsible for many of the reforms that affect our health, safety, and voice in the government.
My research will be on the case law of reciting the Pledge of Allegiance in public schools. I will discuss how the pledge was created through the constitution and changed over time, US presidency, government involvement in public school systems, and legal cases presented through the Supreme Court of Justice that’s made an impact to the recitation of the Pledge since it was founded. Francis Bellamy wrote the original “pledge” (Baer1). He wanted to conjoin together government, politics ,and religion(2). Not only wanting to change the role of things he mainly was striving for equality(2).