Nathan Huot Chapter 22 Notes Causes of the Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution was caused by economic development, population growth, agricultural revolution, expansion of trade, and an openness to innovation. The population in Europe rose exponentially with the fastest growth occurring in England and Wales where the population rose from 5.5 million in 1688, to 9 million in 1801, and 18 million by 1851. The Agricultural Revolution, which helped the innovations in manufacturing in the Industrial Revolution, was a revolution in farming that provided food for the city dwellers and forced poorer peasants off the land. In Europe, increasing production by traditional ways was a solution to the increasing demand that accompanied population
The Columbian Exchange refers to the reestablishment of the Old and New World including the changes of plants, animals and bacteria. The New World contained many new resources that the Europeans have never seen before, therefore this led to many changes that they would have to get used to very quickly. The exchange of crops such as maize to China and white potato to Ireland are stimulant to population growth in the Old World. This impacted the lives of the people in Europe because of the shift in their food supply.
America was left with an enormous problem after the civil war, thousands of unskilled people. But, through strategic decisions this would lead to tremendous industrial growth. Industrialization grew rapidly during the period of 1860-1900 as a result of a verity of factors .Technological advancements, monopolies, and political assistance would all contribute in making America one of the leading global powers.
As industry exponentially grew after the Civil War, the need for labor and materials to power newly-created manufacturing giants caused new social classes to form: the rich corporation owners and the poor laborers. Unfathomably rich Robber Barons, or plutocratic American Capitalists, dominated the economy and industry and profited from the slave-like work of millions of poor laborers during this time period. Moreover, the poor working class and the rich further divided by distribution of wealth. Therefore, exploitation of capitalism widened the gap between the rich and poor classes of America, and both newly-formed classes developed reasons for the change.
The market revolution had a tremendous impact on many regions in the U.S., most notably the South and Northeast. The market revolution is a term used by historians to describe the expansion of the marketplace that occurred between 1815 and 1830, prompted mainly by major transportation improvements and various unique inventions to connect distant communities together for the first time. The South developed and thrived mainly from the cotton gin and the expansion of slavery. The Northeast flourished and bloomed from the factory system, interchangeable parts, transportation improvements, and women in the work force. The market revolution impact on the South and Northeast brought about widespread economic growth yet affected the regions differently, the South shifted from subsistence farming to commercial farming and the Northeast grew in mechanization and industrialization.
255, 1994) this increase in demand for commodities in addition to the large amount of quantity supplied due to the competition, lead to a change in household behavior which preceded the Industrial revolution. He named this phenomenon, the “industrious revolution” characterizing itself by the redistribution of labor from self sufficiency, which means the production of home-made goods, to commercially produced goods and the reduction of leisure time as marginal utility of income (money) rose. Households were obliged to have an income in the form of money, owing to the fact that they started to desire already made products which had to be paid with money (Vries, p. 257, 1994). As Steuart (p. 59, 1770) stated “Men are forced to labour now, because they are slaves to their own
Key Concept 7.1 I. In what way did the United States continue to industrialize during this time and what caused this industrialization? During this time, the United States continued its industrialization as people moved from farms to cities and small farms were consolidated into large farms. Though both rural and urban areas grew, urban areas generally grew faster, going from 20% to 68% urban population during this time period.
As the play progresses, characters such as Nils Krogstad, Mrs. Christine Linde & Dr. Rank comes into the picture. Marriage in the 19th century portrays strong gender roles for both men and women. It seems that there is a strong preconceive notion of what a family should be like and diverging from the norm would lead to undesirable consequences. The play itself reflects the wishes of both the males and their counterparts from the ones who diverged from the norms and those who followed the preferred path. Although marriage is a significant occasion for each and every individual and holds a very sacred value towards the people in Victoria Era, the play reveals that marriage in the 1800s does not mean a perfect ending just like what people imagine and diverging from the norm does not necessarily lead to a live full of hardship, grief and misery.
The Industrial Revolution was a period from 1750 to 1960. It was called a "revolution" because the changes were great and sudden. This revolution changed the way in which many regions developed, including agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, technology, and textiles and It also made great influence on people’s living standard and the way of worked. After this revolution, many countries changed from ancient time when most working places primarily depended on people to modern world as we know today. The Industrial Revolution was a major change in the nature of production when machines replaced tools and other energy sources replaced human or animal power.
England's primary fuel source in the late 1600s was wood, but as the steam engine entered mass production, coal became a popular fuel. The development of the steam engine acted as a catalyst in the Industrial Revolution, placing England on top of the world in production and exportation of coal. This new piece of technology would allow England to improve her communication with the established and growing colonies. Beginning in the early 1700s, three British scientists invented and enhanced the steam engine as technology improved to allow the British Empire to increase and revolutionize coal mining.
The Gilded Age The Gilded Age was a great time for social change and economic growth. Between reconstruction and the dawn of the new century, the Gilded Age saw rapid industrialization, urbanized, railroads, technology, and the rise of big businesses. The nations were split into two halves that hated each other and nobody had enough money. The last three decades of the 19th century is called the Gilded Age which is one of the most dynamic periods in american history.
This industrial revolution brought many changes in social life and economics in the early 19th century and 20th century. New innovations helped advance us into the next era
Industrialization had a positively impact on U.S because Automobiles, Captain Of Industry , and light bulb and Electricity. The industrialization happened in the 1800’s. There was a lot of events that happened in this time period. Reason 1: Andrew Carnegie made old fashioned cars in the 1800’s. He taught many women and men how to drive.
The Second Industrial Revolution in America, though beneficial to the growth of our nation, was built by the blood and sweat of overworked coal miners between the late 1890s and the turn of the century. Coal became an essential part of life for the average family, for it fueled the industry which people worked (i.e. factories and mills), and gave warmth and a cooking stove to their homes. One would think that those working in the dangerous mines—for such a public necessity—would be compensated fairly for their work, unfortunately the opposite was occurring. Large, privately owned, coal operators, such as those in Kanawha County, West Virginia, allowed greed to override their common decency, as they took advantage of the uneducated, and desperate workers. After many attempts of an amicable resolution to unwavering private operators, a tipping point shifted the balance for the coal miners, and a strike was inevitable.
One of the aspects of industrialization between 1865 and 1920 that shaped the American society and economy is the prosperous development of the middle-class development. The middle-class people were able to shift from rural to urban areas. They focused on the newer jobs in the factories and urbanization growth (Franklin, 2012). The other aspect of industrialization that shaped American's society, politics and economy is the growth of urbanization. It led to development of workforce that enabled women to work.