At the beginning of the nineteenth century during the Victorian era, London was the largest city in Europe. During this period and mainly due to the effects of the Industrial Revolution, a great many innovations and developments were taking place in all areas of society. The industrial revolution changed families and lifestyles and also made a huge impact on the conditions living there as well. The classes were divided during this era to poor working-class, middle-class and most well-off Victorians. Industrialization drew a large numbers workers away from their homes and into large cities which caused the population to be increased at an unprecedented rate, crowding them into miserable housing, which spurred a high demand for cheap housing and slums.
This meant many new factories and workspaces were built. This also meant that the rich or the upper class grew a lot. Including the upper class growth, the middle class also grew a lot. Since many new workplaces were made, the working class also got a
The period after the civil war saw the United States of America economy transform to become a national economy and an industrial giant. The already existing industries quickly expanded and new ones emerged including steel manufacturing, electrical power, and petroleum refining. This period saw the rapid expansion of the railroad network which would subsequently connect even the remote parts of the country into the national economic grid essentially transforming the regional markets into a national economy. Following the economic expansion, the American society was greatly transformed creating a new crop of wealthy individuals and a dynamic middle class. Additionally, there was a vast expansion of blue collar job opportunities which quickly
Many states, especially those with meager populations, actively pursued immigrants by offering jobs or land for farming. The industrialization lured millions seeking economic opportunities for their families, while were anxious to escape oppressive governments. Whatever the reason, with these groups came a rich culture that would forever help to reshape the nation. One of the most significant ways the immigrants altered the United States was the way in which they settled upon arrival. The majority of these new foreign immigrants settled or “clustered” in larger cities such as New York, San Francisco, Chicago and Philadelphia.
How Did the Industrial Revolution Lead to Urban Growth? The Industrial Revolution lead to urban growth by creating economic growth. This is because factories started opening up when people started inventing machines to produce and manufacture products longer and more efficiently. These factories needed workers to function, so people in need of jobs migrated towards the factories. These people included immigrants and other poor people in need of some extra money.
Families began migrating from rural to urban to suburban settings in response to socioeconomic changes (Kain, 1990). The industrial revolution increased the amount and diversity of goods that were available for purchase by families. These goods were manufactured rapidly in large quantities in factories. The factories needed people to operate the equipment and do the needed tasks of assembly or construction. Many of the needed personnel came from people who migrated to the cities from rural
The popularization of urbanization and the development of labor-productive technology during this time allowed for large corporations to erect to produce desired goods for the rest of the population. With these corporations in desperate need of a source of production, the opportunity rose for sweatshops to make a breakthrough; as a result, employment moved off of the farms and to the upgrading cities as the economy shifted from an agricultural focus towards a more industrial focus (Pugatch). The most prevalent industry to utilize the surging sweatshops was the textile industry specifically in England, New England, and New York (Pugatch). The highly sought textiles around the world helped lead the rise of free trade and globalization, supporting the ascendancy of sweatshops in countries to produce more and higher quality products than competing countries. In these sweatshops, the “sweating system” was emerged and originally referred to the relationship between the manufacturers, subcontractors, and laborers, naturally forming a business hierarchy (“Sweatshops in Urban American History”).
Urbanization simply means developments and expansion of cities. In the industrial revolution period, with the increase of number factories and industries, farming lands were used up for those. Thus, villages turned into cities. People started to accumulate one main place and left villages, which were not giving advantages for farming. The urban life was changed and replaced with modernity such as “bus services, sidewalks, street lights, steam heating of homes, icebox refrigeration, indoor plumbing, sewing machines, canned food, urban sewage systems and medicine” (7).
The population of major cities was growing with an increasing ease. In the early 20th century, there were 72% second or third generation immigrants There was an evident change in America and its society. Industrialization was taking place and it was very noticeable in the infrastructure and in the culture. A lot of factories, new buildings and places for entertainment like cinemas have been built. Also, the difference between the urban and the villages was changing even further, including the difference in the attitude within the family values, attitude about sex and gender roles were significantly evolving.
There was tremendous growth in the use of machines for the production of goods in what would be called The Industrial Revolution. Society began to shift from a primarily agricultural and rural way of life to a more urban lifestyle. Factories were built that could employ many workers and produce large quantities of goods. An unfortunate down side of this was the rapid spread of contagious diseases. The mortality rate rose sharply due to the number of people living and working in close proximity(uidaho,4).
Between 1865 and 1900, immigration, government action, and technology impacted the social, cultural, and economic realms of the American Industrial worker. Immigration increased greatly to America because the industry was booming, and news of this new, industrial America was spreading throughout Europe. The government took actions to help the average industrial worker, such as the Chinese Exclusion Act, the Interstate Commerce Act, and the Hatch Act. Technology affected the industrial worker through inventions, reinvented landscapes, and convenience. Immigration largely affect the American industrial workers in many ways.
Alex Kuperstein U.S. History The Early American Republic Portfolio The United States changed in so many different ways from 1776 to 1870. This change started off with a population increase because of the immigration enslaves. Changes in transportation were also changing during this time period. For an example, roads, waterways, railroads, and steamboats were being created. The industry started to change due to more factories being opened.
The U.S. was awash in an abundance of natural resources from its newly acquired territories, a growing supply of labor immigrating from Europe, and the migration of emancipated African Americans North and West, an expanding market for manufactured goods, and the availability of capital for investment. The Second Industrial Revolution took local communities and their new products out of the shadow of large regional agricultural based economies which was assisted by new labor forces and production techniques. During the Second Industrial Revolution, innovations in transportation, such as roads, steamboats, the Eerie Canal, and most notably railroads, linked
During the 19th century, the American people were experiencing a revolution concerning both the economy and religion, in what is recognized today as the Market Revolution and the Second Great Awakening. A rapid increase in the population within the countryside, and the development of new technology outburst a change in the economy from one of local exchanges to one governed by capital and capitalists. Family owned businesses began to expand and sold their items not only among a small community, but now products were being shipped to different ports along the colonies. The industrialization movement was rapidly approaching that “Indian removal was necessary for the opening of the vast American lands to agriculture, to commerce, to markets, to
During the late 19th century, the United States took on an economic development and transformed from an agricultural economy to a new industrialized nation. From the transcontinental railroad to new technological innovations and the rise of mechanization, America was thriving, and people from all over the world wanted to be apart of the new modern nation. The industrial expansion created thousands of new jobs and opportunities for not only Americans but also for immigrants. Along with new technological advances, America also experienced changes in the ways businesses were controlled and operated. At the turn of the century, America was introduced to many new technological innovations that changed Americans lives in ways that nobody ever thought