Second Language Acquisition Case Study

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1.5.3. Psychological Factors in Second Language Acquisition – Views of Second Language researchers According to Sandra Clyne, children in every culture all over the world manage to achieve communicative competence in their “first” or “native” languages - unless they have a specific language processing problem like autism or have been restricted to a developmental environment markedly deficient in language stimuli. After years of working with the language(s) in use within the home and immediate community, children become increasingly more fluent and effective in their command of the native tongue. Subsequent work within a school setting with a more abstract or de-contextualized use of the native language - and with the addition of written as well as oral use of language - further strengthens the child’s communicative competence. It might at first glance seem logical that an academically well-prepared adolescent or adult who makes a “second” language an object of serious study could likewise achieve proficiency in that language without undue stress or emotional turmoil.…show more content…
Linguists and educators like Eric Lenneberg and Derek Bickerton subscribe to the view that there is a biological timetable for optimal language learning which stifles the efforts of adolescents and young adults to acquire language. Theoreticians like Judith Strozer have applied this line of reasoning to second language acquisition and would predict a more difficult course for second language acquisition in adolescents and adults, as compared to children, due to differences in brain
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