Second Language Acquisition Research Paper

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Saville-Troike, Muriel. Introducing Second Language Acquisition. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2006. Pgs 32-33 There are several divisions of linguistics as it relates to the second language acquisition. Even though all of the elements of interest must interact, it is possible to differentiate individual elements that compose a meaningful language. Troike states phonology as an element of a language used in the acquisition of a second language. Phonology is that element of a language that shows the different sounds of a speech thereby creating different meanings. It defines the possible sequences of vowels and consonants in what is referred to as a syllable structure. Further, phonology deals with intonation patterns that include…show more content…
In communication, there are specific patterns and meanings of speech that should be mediated in the mental activity. This is the syntax element of a language, which is involved in the arrangement of words in a sentence and the meaning they derive from the arrangement. Although most languages use abbreviations in a speech, the abbreviations may not make sense without the knowledge of the basic formats of the language. Also, the omission of some words in a part of speech or sentence may result in a completely different meaning of the speech or sentence. Second language learners may have problems expressing themselves coherently even when they have the words but lack the organization of words to meaningful forms. The keywords in syntax are rules, word, order, sentence, and…show more content…
Semantics is the basis for which any language becomes meaningful and distinguishes the meaning of a part of a sentence from what it means in another language. The difference in which people get to understand and convey the meaning in a second language is essentially dependent on the element of semantics. A sentence may have different meanings derived from several areas such as grammatical, lexical, pragmatic, and semantic fields. A phrase may have more than one meaning in one language, but have only a single meaning in another. Keywords in semantics include meaning, words, combination, limitation, and
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