Second Language Development

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As Erik Erikson established the eight stages of a person’s life, the focus on this paper will be on the third stage of development. Stage 3: Inventiveness or Guilt ages 4 – 5 (Preschool) it will focus on the importance given by European countries to second language learning in a preschool environment. Looking at European countries and the focus that they place on learning a second language, Erika Hoff is used to state facts regarding learning a second language (L2) at either an early age or older. A few disadvantages and overall view regarding this matter.

Development in young learners
When is it appropriate to start teaching a second language? There seems to be a general understanding amongst professionals, but not limited to, that an early
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It can be said that learning a second language in childhood places extra cognitive strain on the language center of the brain. According to Professor Erika Hoff who wrote the book “Language Development” limits the number of words that a child can learn in a set amount of time, for example a toddler could learn about 20 new words a month but when a second language is incorporated it could be brought down to 10. Non-native teachers themselves need to have a full grasp of the language they are teaching, either directly the teacher’s command of the language has to how well they know the language and are able to speak using said language, or indirectly through the approaches that are being used for example by making use of songs and game and overall preparation for the lesson. There is no empirical evidence stating that there is an optimum starting age for learning a new language, but if learning a second language (L2) at an early age is accompanied by quality teaching, they have a better chance of attaining this skill. Most countries in Europe, adopt a strong emphasis on the learning, understanding and use of a foreign language predominantly at a primary level, and allow an optional approach in a pre-school environment. Amongst the countries that do start second language leaning at a kindergarten level. The reason for children to obtain a second language usually comes from the desire of the parents. For whatever the reason to learn a second language cultural confusion could develop in some cases especially if the child has a multi-ethnic background. In turn could provide a developmental problem later on it life when developing identity. Now if chosen to wait until a strong basic grasp of their
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