The Unions leaders had General George B. McClellan. He commanded the Army of the Potomac. He was very well loved by his men and always wanted the best for them but at the expense of the Union. He disliked abolitionists and the Republican Party and had very little respect for Abraham Lincoln himself but his biggest problem was that he was a perfectionist. Because of this, McClellan was almost always ready to move but not quite.
It gave character to the country [Doc. B]. Instead of uniting as a nation to reach middle ground on issues of state constitutional rights to govern themselves, which states would be free states and which would be slave states, the regions began to look out for
Then in 1861 after Virginia voted to secede from the U.S in 1861, Lee agreed to lead the Confederate forces. In 1862, he became the leader of the Northern Virginia’s Army and defeated the Union Army in the Seven Days Battle. Later in August, Lee won the Second Manassas War. But everything then turned bad suddenly. He was ill badly when he and his army tried to escape at the Antietam War.
“Robert E. Lee (1807-70) served as a military officer in the U.S. Army, a West Point commandant and the amazing general of the Confederate Army during the American Civil War 1861-1865. In June 1861, Lee gained command of the Army of Northern Virginia, which he would lead for the rest of the war. Lee and his army achieved great success during the Peninsula Campaign and at Second Bull Run and Fredericksburg, with his greatest victory coming in the bloody Battle of Chancellorsville. In the spring of 1863 Lee invaded the North only to be defeated at the Battle of Gettysburg. With Confederate defeat a near blowout, Lee continued on, battling Union General Ulysses S. Grant in a series of battles in Virginia in 1864-1865 before he finally surrendered
Strike him as hard as you can, and keep moving on”. He successfully led the Union to victory in a series of battles in 1864 and 1865, culminating in the surrender of the Confederate Army under General Robert E. Lee. Grant's strategic military decisions, his focus on victory, and his leadership all helped the Union achieve its ultimate goal of reunifying the country. Grant’s strategies were not always popular, as they often involved
Known as the bloodiest single-day battle in American History, the Battle of Antietam took place at Antietam creek in Maryland. Strategic plan unveiled and outnumbered, things didn’t start off smoothly for General Robert E. Lee and the Confederate army; yet, even with a copy of the enemy’s plan and a two-to-one advantage, did things work out for Union! With one side disadvantaged and the other wasting their advantages, the battle stayed undecided for hours- that is until violent attacks to General Lee’s troop had the Confederate army retreating. Although, the Battle of Antietam does not have a clear victorious side, the Union declared it as a victory and used the victory to justify the “Emancipation Proclamation”
It is easy to be skeptical of the Union’s convictions but the letters from two Quaker brothers solidify the North’s argument. These brothers are an example of ideological convictions overcoming pacifism. One brother said, “If I die for cause of Unity of this government, that is the way a man should die.” (p.34) The attitude the Quaker brothers had is a good representation of how thousands of other Union soldiers felt when it came to the Civil War.
In this episode we learn about an African American hero named Robert Smalls. Smalls was a slave who acquired many skills as a slave and used it to his advantage. His will and persistence to one day be free is what gave him his courage. Robert Smalls acquired many trades but the one that set him apart was him becoming a captain on the CSS Planter. Smalls found himself fighting on the wrong side of the war when the Planter was used by the confederates to plant mines, carry ammunition and cargo.
The Civil War was the result of uncompromising differences between the free and slave states over the power to prohibit slavery in the territories that had not yet become states. When Abraham Lincoln won the election in 1860, as the first Republican president on a platform promising to keep slavery out of the territories, seven slave states in the deep South seceded and formed a new nation, the Confederate States of America. Military during the Civil War was off, but equalled out in terms of stats, North having better leadership and South having better weapons. As the United States expanded westward, two new territories were created from the issue of slavery in the United States. The U.S. government let the two new territories decide whether or not to allow slavery.
In the months following the election of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States, seven southern states seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America. This was done primarily as a response to Lincoln’s election, as Lincoln did not support the institution of slavery, a crucial aspect of Southern society. Secession from the United States meant that these states would form a separate country from the United States with its own government and military. Some have speculated that secession was failure in democracy, that democracy should have prevented such a large part of the United States to be so unhappy with its government that it would form a new country. However, it was the American system of democracy that laid
After battles, it was difficult for the Army of Northern Virginia to replace its men. In what had been known as Lee’s finest battle, his army was outnumbered by the Army of Potomac, but still managed to defeat them at the battle of Chancellorsville. Though Lee’s army won, they still suffered a major setback when one of Lee’s Generals died. Winning did not matter for the Confederates because they were still losing numbers, which at this time, they couldn’t afford to do. Ulysses S. Grant and The Union was aware of this weakness and they used it to their advantage.
As the foundations of a successful government system, political parties help keep balance of power and uphold the Democratic ideals of the United States. These parties have origins that can trace back to the early sectional tensions in America. These sectional tensions were the primary reasons for the development and progression of political parties in the United States. As early as 1800, signs of deviation would appear.
The American Civil War temporarily came to an end on 13th May 1865, after the conquest of Virginia which resulted to the surrender of the confederates. In conclusion, The American Civil War (12th April 1861-13th April 1865), was a civil war fought in The United States of America. Some of the factors that instigated the war were the prevalent controversial slavery, protectionism, territorial crisis, state rights, and national elections among others. The Civil war ended lives of many Americans than in any other American war from the frontier time frame throughout the late period of The Vietnam
These 7 states met in Montgomery, Alabama, in February of 1861, nearly a month before Lincoln had even been inaugurated, and formed a completely separate nation from the United States of America, calling themselves the Confederate States of America (Intres, 2016m; Brinkley, 2005). Mimicking the governmental set-up of the United States, the Confederate States of America voted in Jefferson Davis as their president and a cabinet of advisors was appointed (Intres, 2016m; Brinkley, 2005). Politically, this divided the Democratic Party between the north and the south, leaving the Republican Party fully in control of the house and senate in the United States of America (Brinkley, 2005; Foner, 1995). Due to this, a variety of economic actions were taken which favored the north, speeding up its economic development (Brinkley, 2005). These Economic actions included the Homestead Act of 1852, the development of a new national bank, and an effort to properly finance the war by levying taxes, issuing paper currency, etcetera (Brinkley, 2005).
The Union came out with more soldiers left in their army still which meant that this was another reason for the turning point. The Union already had around 5,000,000 more men that were military aged men than the Confederates in the first place and now they have more actual soldiers left. That had to cause