The Civil War is characterized as the bloodiest war in American History. From 1861 to 1865, the North and South fought over several of disagreements and encounters. The Civil War caused hundreds and thousands of men to lose their life, about 620,000 soldiers had died. The Civil War was fought in Pennsylvania, Texas, New Mexico, and Florida. Civil War began because the North wanted to abolish slavery, the South seceded from the Union, and the North overpowered the South.
In April 1865 by Jay Winik; Jay thinks and over and over again claims that the month of April in the year 1865, is the most important time of the civil war. He claims, “This month is the month that unraveled the American nation. Instead saved it.” He also claims “it’s the most moving and decisive month of the war”. Jay Winik does not appreciate the forces that made the Confederate to the climax of failure. Jay Winik also believes that even the most devoted and hardcore confederates knew they were going to lose at the end of the war.
They thought that the election of Abraham Lincoln threatened their way of living based on slavery. The Confederate’s president was Jefferson Davis, who was from Mississippi. Davis’ intentions were to peacefully secede, but the United States as a whole would not let that happen. Once war had officially begun, the Confederacy was off to a pretty good start being led by General Robert E. Lee from Virginia. Lee and his troops earned big victories within the first two years of the war.
Grant became commander of all the Union armies and soon set about to wear down the Confederates. After years of skirmishes in Virginia, he began a yearlong battle that would exhaust the Confederacy. Grant sent General William T. Sherman tearing through Georgia, while himself fighting continuously against Lee. The battles had a terrible cost in lives, but succeeded in wearing the Confederate forces down. In the spring of 1865, Lee abandoned Petersburg and then Richmond before finally surrendering near Appomattox.
His army met and fought Union forces under General George G. Meade at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, the first three days of July. Gettysburg was the largest battle ever in North America; 165,000 troops fought there. A desperate frontal assault led by Major General George E. Pickett failed to break Union lines on July 3, and Lee, having regretted ordering
Sereen Qader Professor Tiffany Smith US History 1301 19 April 2017 Chapter 14 – A War for Union and Emancipation The separation of the states in the South was a response to president Abraham Lincolns election, since he was against slavery, and this was a threat to the South because they were very dependent on the industry of slaves and cotton. The separation in the South led to the development of the new government or authority known as, the Confederate States of America and was ran by Senator Jefferson Davis. The main goal for the Confederate States of America was to protect slavery and prevent the status of slaves ever becoming equal to them or superior. President Lincoln’s purpose was to prevent
South Carolina was the first southern state to secede from the Union and several others began to follow. The states wanted to maintain their right to own slaves and they did not want to continue to live where that was not possible. These states were dependent upon slavery in order for their cotton production to be a success. The southern states that had left the Union established the Confederate States of America on February 7,1861 and they elected Jefferson Davis as their first President. There were many attempts by Lincoln to avoid a war and to reconcile with the Confederacy, however, none of them proved
His plan also required that Southern states outlaw slavery before they could rejoin the Union as well as ratify the Thirteenth Amendment. The Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery from the United States. Although Johnson opposed slavery, he did not support equal rights for African-Americans. "White men alone must manage the South," he stated. President Johnson 's plan was mostly successful because all former Confederate states except Texas had set up new governments because of his plan by the end of 1865.
Pro and anti-slavery groups became increasingly violent until the conflict was known throughout the country as Bleeding Kansas. John Brown, one of the fiercest anti-slavery militants in the conflict, tried to bring one of the southern states’ worst fears to fruition when he seized control of an arsenal in Harper’s Ferry, Virginia with the intent of inciting a slave rebellion in the southern heartland. He was ultimately unsuccessful, but his actions in 1859 caused many southerners to believe that the union could no longer
During this time, the U.S. was split into two sections, the majority of the southern states had seceded from the United States, banding together as their own country known as the Confederate States of America who were fighting the war to keep slavery legal. The northern states maintaining their commitment to the United States were fighting the war to end slavery. The Transcontinental Railroad was going to open up the territories west of the the Missouri River and allow the creation of more free states. Fearing the loss of influence of slave states, the congressional representatives of the south opposed the railroad on financial grounds. Therefore, in 1862, with the commencement of the Civil War, the legislative representatives of the southern states resigned their congressional positions.
In the book “America Aflame: How the Civil War Created a Nation” on page 208 “Both southerners and northerners recognized slavery as the immediate cause of the war.” Meaning both sides acknowledged that slavery caused the war, but was slavery the single cause of the civil war? Yes, it was. State rights to protect themselves from the tyranny of a big federal government? but if that were really the case, then it would have started in the nullification crisis in the 1830s when Andrew Jackson said that the South Carolinians couldn 't declare a federal tariff null in their state, why didn 't that cause a civil war? Industrializing helped the northern states create a great extent of riches, they
Despite his avoidance of the issue slavery during the war, Republican radicals pressured Lincoln implemented the first Confiscation Act of 1861 in which slaves captured by the Union forces were not to be returned to the master since there was no contraband. With the second Confiscation Act of 1862, the slaves
The price of freedom is too expensive to be purchased. The American Civil War is one of the determinant factor of who our nation is today. The war was fought from 1861 to 1865 by The Confederate State of America and The Union. The Confederate States of America also known as the confederacy, consisted of seven official southern states. Though The Confederacy claimed thirteen states and some states from the Midwest, they were never diplomatically recognized by foreign countries.
One of the darkest chapters in American history is the Civil War. Lasting from 1861-1865 and responsible for over 620,000 deaths, the “War Between the States” was fought over state’s rights and slavery. Shortly after the election of Abraham Lincoln, who opposed slavery, seven southern states succeeded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America. On April 12, 1861, the Confederates attacked Ft. Sumter, which was held by the federal government. Shortly after the attack, four more southern states joined the Confederacy.
There are many factors that led up to the American Civil War. One of the main causes was the conflict that arose from the North and South’s opposing views of slavery. In Abraham Lincoln’s “A House Divided” speech he said, “In my opinion, [slavery] will not cease, until a crisis shall have been reached, and passed. ‘A house divided against itself cannot stand’” (A House Divided 511). This quote was a prediction and antecedent to what would later be known in history as the American Civil War.