Southern vs. Northern Slavery For what seems like forever, the Northern and Southern States in America have differed drastically. From landscape to people’s behaviors, there are numerous variations between the two areas. One of the most historically prominent distinctions is the difference in the presence of slavery. In the mid 1800s, Alexander de Tocqueville took notice that slavery persisted heavily in the South, yet in the North, slavery was sparse. In Democracy in America, Tocqueville distinguishes material and moral differences being the cause, and concludes that states distinguished by slavery are intensifying their hardships.
A belt and pulley system then separated the lint from the seeds. It revolutionized the cotton industry by making it more profitable. A machine was now used to remove seeds from cotton rather than having to remove them by hand. This allowed more cotton to be processed quicker which made production of cotton more efficient for farmers. Prior to the invention of the cotton gin, slavery was actually dying out in the southern United States due to how labor intensive the removal of seeds from cotton had become.
Although both the regions consisted of British colonies, each region differed in reasons for settlement, religious views, and economic activity and its connection to the amount of slavery in the region. While they both initially were just “investments”, the Northern colonies lacked diversity and had difficult land to farm on, while the southern colonies were very rural, relied a lot of slave labor, and had an excellent climate for farming. The people of New England shared certain characteristics and lacked the diversity experienced in the Middle or Southern colonies.
During the mid 1800s, as America was expanding westward, the economy of the different regions in America boosted. The north based their economy off of the recently developed industries, whereas the south continued their work with agriculture and the production of cotton. The development of these two very different forms of business led to sectionalism, or the devotion to the advancement of one’s region as opposed to the country as whole. As more people immigrated to the US in the 1840s specifically from Ireland and Germany, America’s newfound industries were provided with unqualified and inexperienced employees who would work for very little pay. These immigrants were forced to move to the north because they didn’t have the money to buy land
There existed reasons other than slavery on behalf of the South 's breakaway. The demonstrations of division in America coexisted many: utopian societies, clashes over public space, backlash alongside immigrants, urban rebellions, black demonstration, and Indian oppositions. America was a separated land in need of change with the South in the biggest demand. The South trusted heavily on agriculture, equally opposed to the North, which was vastly populated and an industrialized union. The South produced cotton, which remained its main cash crop and countless Southerners knew that hefty reliance on slave labor would damage the South ultimately, but their forewarnings were not regarded.
In the late 1880’s, the Southern Farmers Alliance held a conference with the National Agricultural Wheel to unite the two groups into one. The largest problem being that there was no trust between the two sides. Not until 1892 with the joining of the Knights of labor did the Party formally unite. The knights of labor brought a lot of support with them because they were a major labor union in industrial areas. The Knights were glue for the groups even though most of the parties support came from west and the south.
In a sense they were basically already doing this, tending to the farm land when they were slaves, though now they are actually collecting an earning for their hard work. While some of them worked for wages, others felt that it was best for them to rent out the land. During the congressional Reconstruction phase, sharecropping became a system to move the economy forward after the war in the south. This system of labor appeared in tobacco and cotton regions where most freed people lived (Of the people, 465). This term of
Most large leaders in the North and South saw this distinction, and it was heavily credited as the leading factor of the Civil War. Raw cotton even after it became ‘profitable’ to sell was highly dependent on external forces, which meant that growing it was risky because it was a highly nutrient demanding crop. This meant that after using a field a few times for cotton production that you would have to move on, or grow something much less profitable. Only the top portion of the farmers in the South could afford to sustainably, and profitably produce cotton in large amounts. Most farmers in the South had much smaller farms, and more often than not would go into debt.
The 19th century was an era of dramatic change in the lives of African Americans. By the early 1800s, cotton was the most profitable cash crop, and slave owners focused on clearing lands and securing laborers to proliferate cotton production. The lack of available, fertile land in coastal areas compelled the move into the southern interior, sparking a massive westward migration of planters and slaves. The demands and rewards of the "King Cotton" economy resulted in a fivefold population increase during the first six decades of the 19th century, but it kept the South an unsophisticated agricultural economy. Because it produced few other goods, it needed to import goods from northern manufacturing states; and because prices for cotton fluctuated
Due to the lack of technological advances at the time, the demand or need for fast, efficient, mass production of agricultural goods was only met by slave labor. Unfortunately, at the time slavery was by far the most efficient method of labor, and it served as a foundation for basic American economics, politics, and social issues. Slavery propelled the United States to the economic powerhouse that it is today largely due to success in the cotton and tobacco industries, so the need for slavery at the time was for rapid economic growth. Slavery at the time was also a huge sign of social status “buying a slave was a way of coming into their own in a society in which they were otherwise excluded from full participation” Buying slaves allowed slaveholders to buy their economic and social independence. The purchase of a
The developing difference between the North and the South, primarily with the issue of slavery caused sectionalism between the nation. Sectionalism occurs when a region of the country is more important to the people than the interests of the whole country. Specific events pertaining to westward expansion, particularly the Missouri Compromise, the Compromise of 1850, the Dred Scott court case, the Kansas-Nebraska Act, and the John Brown court case were fundamental causes of the Civil War. In 1819, Missouri requested admission to the Union under a slave state. At the time, there were eleven slave states and eleven free states.
Geography Geography Impacted sectional differences that led to the civil war. The northerners were against slavery and the southerners were proslavery. It depended upon what state that you have lived in if you were a free state or not. In the south there were More than 4 million slaves many who worked on plantations. Innovation/technology Technology Impacted sectional differences that led to the civil war .
There are many differences between the North and South that lead to the Civil War. Some of these differences were mostly focused on the economy, political, and social of the North and South. The South 's economy were based on agriculture so in order to make money, the South needed slaves to do their planation
While the South was a labor-intensive, labor-repressive undiversified agricultural economy. Moreover, the contrasting economic systems of the antebellum North and South helped to generate the conflicting proslavery and antislavery ideologies that eventually led to the war. Therefore, Northern victory was a triumph for the northern economic system and the social moral and values that it had generated. The war basically destroyed the national political power of the planter class. As a result, the war created a massive shift toward national domination by the northern model of competitive democratic free-labor capitalism.