In the journal, the writer explain that feminism is critique international human rights and fight for women rights while the cultural relativism critique the International Human Rights and fight for the culture. I do agree that in practice International Human rights is not universal especially for women since there is a lot of discrimination towards women. But I am not fully agreed with the writer, that state feminism can cooperate with cultural relativism. If the feminism could cooperate together since there are several things that could not be combine such as human right and culture. For example is the Female Genital Mutilation that known as the culture in some region but it was violating the women rights.
Despite that, I argue that secularism became a successful feminist tool for the feminist movement starting from the 19th century. Many feminist campaigners and theorists argue that secularism, offers best protection for women’s rights. Universality of rights and responsibilities, citizenship and the absence of gender differences in front of the state, makes secularism an ally of feminism. Secular democracy, based on equality of citizenship and universal justice is considered to be the prerequisite for advocacy of human rights and therefore becomes a vehicle for women to claim their rights. Feminists,
And that notion contradicts completely with the idea of feminism in the international relations. Feminism sees the condition that the world is creating a patriarchal hegemony, a hegemon that heavily biases for the advantage of men, and undermining the role and value of women, and with the progress of civilization, the conditions for women does not reflect as such anymore, that for the better establishment of the society, women needs to be involved in the process for decision making and policy making, and equal chances must be given for women to be involved in the decisions that would affect themselves, rather than men deciding it for women. Feminists see the world needs to be deconstructed for the inclusions of women and better conditions in the society regarding
And finally, Radical feminism segregates women by mainly focusing on the idea of being “lesbian”, which often leads to the exclusion of heterosexual women, or women who do not identify as lesbian. There is certainly still some room for improvement in regards to the fundamentals of Radical feminism. However, I still feel that the ideals of Radical feminism have made a significant difference in the lives of many women around the
Feminism assumes to itself the right to demand respect and equality in every aspect of life. The modern, feminists call women to rise up and rebel against the order that God has given to mankind. Feminism seeks to force humanistic values in direct opposition to the Word of God. Extensive feminist struggle cannot change the fact that it is women who bear children. A true feminist must feel it as a great injustice to womankind, that it is women, who bear children.
Instead they should look for the foundation for feminist amalgamation in collaboration building. Diverse movements labor to combat diverse kinds of tyranny; some movements take tyranny against women – as women – as an ordinary concern. If there is a foundation for collaboration between some subsets of these movements in a given context, then they can come to realization that foundation is an achievement, but it should not be taken lightly. Given a representation framework for considering the kinds of feminism, it should be more visible how philosophical shortcomings come about in working out the details of a feminist role. The most clear or straightforward philosophical commitment ought to be to a normative theory that articulates an account of fairness and/or a consideration of the good.
•Socialist feminism remains more historical than biological and more specific than universal: recognizes all the important differences among human beings—class, sex, but also age, race, ethnicity, nationality, sexual orientation. •Women, like all human beings, are constituted essentially by the social relations they inhabit. A woman’s life experience is shaped by all these various dimensions. •Refuses to reduce oppression to one single type or
Feminism has come to mean the push for equality for every gender and intersectional group. This is quite clear in the works of Collins and Lorde in their pieces around the intersectionality within modern feminism. In the past, some people have used the word feminism to support their own interest groups. These groups defined and used feminism differently than the feminist community does currently. Based upon works by Betty Friedan and documents like Declaration of Sentiments, feminism to these “classic feminists” is defined by the oppression faced by upper class, white, heterosexual, cisgendered women.
Secularism: Conflicts and Opportunities Manifested What is the first thinking you have when you heard the word secularism? What is the first impression you get? As many people stand unable to answer, many others directly think about atheism. This is because they know little fact about secularism, which is that it has something to do “against” religions, so they tend not to distinguish it from the known concept that faces religions in their mind, atheism. This popular kind of thinking cannot be more wrong.