Security Council Responsibilities

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The Security Council (SC), as one of the six main organs of the United Nations (UN), is the principal organ responsible for maintaining international peace and security. In its history, the Council has acted on widely differing topics, adapting to the changing nature of threats to international peace and security. Given the SC’s role, it is important to understand the structure, rules, and governing principles that define its unique responsibilities and mandate. Article 24 1. In order to ensure prompt and effective action by the United Nations, its Members confer on the Security Council primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security and agree that in carrying out its duties under this responsibility the Security…show more content…
• Sanctions: Pursuant to Article 41 of the Charter, the Council can call its members to apply economic sanctions and other measures not involving the use of force to prevent or end violence. These include travel bans, severance of diplomatic relations, economic sanctions, financial penalties and restrictions, blockades, among others. It may further mandate arms embargos, enforce disarmament, or call upon international criminal mechanisms to become active. • Diplomatic Tools: The Council has a mandate to investigate any dispute or situation that might lead to aggressions between states or other non-state groups or within states’ national territories. To do so, it may “recommend methods of adjusting such disputes or the terms of settlement; formulate plans for the establishment of a system to regulate armaments; work toward the determination of the existence of a threat to the peace or an act of aggression and to recommend what action should be…show more content…
Sovereignty is the power of a state to do everything necessary to govern itself, such as making, executing, and applying laws; imposing and collecting taxes; making war and peace; and forming treaties or engaging in commerce with foreign nations. In his recent treatise revision, Prof. Ian Brownlie notes that "sovereignty and equality of states represents the basic constitutional doctrine of the law of nations. He further indicates that this basic doctrine is contextualized by three corollaries: 1. jurisdiction exercised by States over territories and permanent populations; 2. the duty not to intervene in the exclusive jurisdiction of other States; and 3. the dependence of obligations which emerge from the sources of international law. From the Brownlie perspective, sovereignty is a tricky balance between one State exercising its jurisdiction or authority and parallel exercises by other States. It is important to note that there is no internationally recognized definition of sovereignty, which with its eventual conceptualization could prove as a solution to many current

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