Focalism pertains to when we are too focused on the “main attraction”, so to speak and completely miss what is going on around us. “The common tendency to focus too much on a particular event (the ‘focal event’) and too little on other events that are likely to occur concurrently” (Bazerman 67). It is crucial to make sure we are taking in all information and elements of a situation in order to properly asses how things are being impacted and how we should proceed. “Schkade and Kahneman (1998) define the focusing illusion as the tendency of people to make judgements based on their attention to only a subset of available information, to overweight that information, and to underweight unattended information” (Bazerman 68). Basically, this means people are not scanning all available information, putting way too much emphasis on the limited information that have ascertained and therefore putting too little emphasis on the information
The internet has changed his train of thought and his ability to focus and concentrate. He believes our brains have been reprogramed over time to adjust to the speed and convenience of the internet. Our ability to retain and digest traditional media has also been compromised since we are used to receiving information so rapidly. This is a strong opening argument for his essay. He supports this argument by citing a study conducted by students who have attended The University College London.
The audiences interpret the media in their own perspective and tend to avoid messages that do not go along with their beliefs. Selective processes theory includes selective exposure, selective attention, selective retention and selective perception. The first two steps in this theory involve the selective exposure and selective attention. This step explains the tendency of the audience to expose themselves and/or to attend to messages they feel are align to their current attitudes or beliefs and interests. Political interest and opinion for example might influence the way an individual gave attention to a media message.
The ability to think is an innate action that, for the most part, all people possess. Nonetheless, not everybody has the ability or knowledge of how to develop this quality into something greater and beneficial. Critical thinking is not inherent; rather the skills necessary to think analytically must be learned and practiced with an open mind. It involves listening with the intent of understanding others, drawing conclusions based on strong evidence and asking curiously about the situation. Not only must one be willing to evaluate a situation slowly and thoroughly, but one must also respect the views of others and accept the possibility of being wrong.
These thoughts and ideas automatically generate a (subconscious or conscious) judgement towards a question. This judgement leads into a framework, narrowing unpredicted possibilities down and therefore limiting possible answers. Also, every question that is being asked is asked for a reason. If there were to be such a thing as a neutral question, why would anyone feel the need to ask it? Thus, all questions that are being asked, are asked with an intention, and are pointed in a certain direction of the answer, which limits the possibilities of finding the answer.
They distance themselves from ideas to form a better judgment. One’s critical thinking skills are used in both methods because they try to find any contradictions or additional reasons about why they do or don’t believe the writer’s ideas. Critical thinking in this way is crucial because it will lead to critical readers, reiterating the important role it plays in other
Tolerate emotional discomfort. One reason we give in to temptations is that we try to avoid pain. However, in some situations it can be quite beneficial for the paucity of your dreams to tolerate a certain level of emotional discomfort. Discipline will require you to withstand emotional discomfort. (we sometimes have to do what we don’t want to do.
How Mindfulness Changed My Life Overview Mindfulness is the state on one’s mind focusing of itself i.e. how it functions. It also involves understanding ones feelings and the entire environment. This is the state of being conscious of the surrounding which can be achieved by: avoid focusing on career too much, avoid giving stress too much time. Allow other activities such as the surrounding to take place.
If thinking lacks a purpose, it is meaningless. Thinking may chance upon something of cherished to the thinker, but more often will simply wander into an endless stream of unanalyzed associations. For the most time, people are “naturals” at meaningless thinking such as daydreaming or fantasizing. People should always take care of the good principles of thinking, and be reflective about their own reasoning. In addition, they often make a conscious effort to improve themselves, avoid prejudices, and keep objectivity.
You have to accomplish what is pushed down to you but you have to be able to see when there is room for discussion. There are times when you have to say no, but there are times when you want to say no and you just have to go. Learning to handle yourself in either situation and make the best of the conditions that will follow is the only way you can truly lead yourself. There are situations where it’s easier to just do what you are told then it is to make yourself do what you are told. But that is essentially what it is about.
Our thinking process is even getting affected. Our way of thinking is beginning to change to the way that computers do. Advancements are made everyday. These new advancements are attempting to make life in general easier for everyone. Nicholas Carr makes the claim that, “as the internet because our primary source of the information it is affecting our ability to read books and other long narratives.” Carr suggests that using the internet is altering the way that our minds operate.
The easiest way to not see something, he says, is when you look at it through someone else’s perspective, or in other words a symbolic complex. In a way, you surrender your original thoughts and opinions to conform to the way of thinking that is most generally accepted. He points out that in order to have a genuine experience or discovery, you have to approach the subject from a standpoint of ignorance. If you have a frame of reference in mind then you tend to only see it from that point of view, and you lose out your own opinions. In the attempt to try to evaluate your experience “correctly” or perhaps how an expert would do it, you invalidate your own thoughts or just ignore them