Self-Actualization Mgregor's Theory Of Motivation And Their Workforce

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Identify how the chosen organization motivate their workforce:
The above question is answered in a form of a tabular column as it explains the different motivational theories and their application within the workplace and
Identifies how the chosen organization motivate their workforce.

Maslow Hierarchy of needs McGregor’s Theory X and Y
According to Maslow everyone has some kind of need which can be anything. He explains in the form of Pyramid:

He have listed in to five points they are the following:
1. Physiological

2. Safety

3. Social

4. Esteem

5. Self-Actualization McGregor studied various motivation theories and formulated two contrasting models called theory of x and theory of Y based on an individual’s behavior at work.
He
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The 5 needs can be divided into Basic needs (physiological, safety, social, esteem) and Growth needs (self-actualization). Maslow stated that every human being is motivated to achieve one of these certain needs and when one is achieved they move on to the next one. Theory X assumes that employees are naturally unmotivated and dislike working and hence managers imply an authoritarian style of management. According to this view the management must intervene to get things done. According to this model the workers

Once the basic needs are achieved every individual gets motivated to move on and achieve the rest of the needs in the mentioned in the hierarchy.

Physiological needs- It can be defined as the basic necessities. E.g. air, food, drink, shelter, sex, warmth etc.

Safety needs: The safety needs are protection, security, stability
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They need to be enticed to do work, because they have no motivation or ambition to work.

At the x type authority is not delegated and is centralized. Managers and supervisors are required at every stage to ensure that the work is completed.

The x theory is mostly applicable in large scale production environment and can be unavoidable.

Theory Y:

How Are These Applicable At A Work Place?

It assumes that the employees are self-motivated and strive to do a good job, they enjoy responsibility and are motivated accomplish the goals they are given.

They do not need much direction and need not be supervised at every stage. The employees are imaginative and creative in solving work related problems.

In y-type of organizations, the employees at the lower levels are involved in decision making and enjoy responsibility. The theory Y is referred to the higher level of needs (Esteem and self-actualization) in the Maslow Hierarchy of needs.

Evaluate a theory of motivation that can be used by managers in organizations:

According to Maslow everyone has some kind of need which can be anything. He explains in the form of Pyramid:
He have listed in to five points they are the following:

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