Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION Situational Analysis Self- concept and self- esteem are two psychological terms that are very important and commonly used interchangeably because it is important to know on how we see yourself honestly and to like or at least accept yourself, and the internal barriers that keep you from doing your best to achieve success and happiness. Self -concept or self -image is the sum total of all the knowledge and information a person has of himself. It includes factors like your gender, name, personality, physical appearance, race, likes and dislikes, beliefs, values, social history, nationality, schooling, family, career, accomplishments, failures, skills and talents. The self-concept also includes what the person he thinks might become in the future and what he was like in the past oneself. It comes from the knowledge of oneself and what one believes others think of himself.
Generally, these types of people are mostly having very low self-esteem (Waitley, 1997). Fincham and Bradbury (1993) said that when an individual is being appraised negatively by others, the individual incline to be more hurt and unhappy than people with well-developed self-esteem (cited in Myers, 2013, p.56). Individuals who are in low self-esteem place a relatively low value on their own worth. Some researchers, Salmela-Aro and Nurmi (2007), also Trzesniewski and others (2006), said that Individuals with low-self-esteem usually have social problems in their life as making less money, suffering from drugs abuse, and therefore, more easily to be depressed (cited in Myers, 2013, p.53). Dolan indicated that under-esteem can lead to displeasure and self-marginalization, i.e.
Introduction The purpose of this paper is to review an article written by Subia Parveen Rasheed, RN, BScN on The Self-Awareness Concept published in the International Journal of caring Science, 2015. According to the author, Self-Awareness is described as the process of performing an unbiased examination of self. The author believes self-awareness is an important mechanism that is necessary in the development of the proper nurse-patient relationship that leads to therapeutic healing. She further explores the difficulty involve in knowing oneself, accepting who we are can be a long process that causes us to face things that may be painful. The author claims self-awareness starts with self-consciousness and the expectation of change that relies on constant effort.
Evolve into Having Self-Awareness Being self-aware simply means that you have a keen understanding of your own personality. That includes your positive and negative traits, your thoughts and beliefs, your feelings, and your inspiration. It would be easier for you to understand others when you are self-aware. You will also be able to tell how they see you in return. Most people believe that they have a good sense of self-awareness, but it would be best to check at a comparative scale to see where you fall on it in contrast with others.
One of the most crucial aspects of the self-concept is self-esteem. (Greenwald, Bellezza,& Banaji 1988). Self-estem is a simplistic term for varied and complex mental states pertaining to how one views oneself. (JosephA.Bailey,1,MD) Sigelman (1999) claims that self-esteem is the evaluation of a person’s worth, that being high or low which is based on self perceptions being both positive and negative which make up the self concept of a person. As human beings, self esteem is an important emotion to us as it effects our daily lives in different ways.
What is self-awareness and what are the possible consequences of self-awareness? Self-awareness is defined as a situation where a person has a clear perception and conscious knowledge of their personality which includes their weaknesses, strengths, beliefs, thoughts, emotions and motivation. Self-awareness has been considered to be a stepping stone for a person to reinvent himself or herself and being able to learn how to make wise decisions, and being in a position to tune their thoughts and feelings. Moreover, self-awareness enables a person to understand other people, their perception of them and their attitude and responses suitable for them at that moment. The possible consequences of self-awareness arise from the fact that the pursuit of self-awareness has been proven to be very difficult and requires a lot of dedication.
Locus of control, a motivational theory consists of both internal and external. However self-efficacy has only been compared to internal locus of control (a person believing that their success is from their own work). When it comes to performing tasks the difference between self-efficacy and internal locus of control is that self-efficacy is specific but internal locus of control is broad. Results of a study portrays that people who had internal locus of control and high self-efficacy performed better at the given
Locus of control refers to people 's very general, cross-situational beliefs about what determines whether or not they get reinforced in life. People can be classified along a continuum from very internal to very external. Rotter warned people that locus of control is not a typology.
Some people believe they are able to do anything instead of giving a chance to others. There are three categories level of confidence which is low, over and moderate confidence. People who have low in self-confidence often having a problem in term of believing their ability and low motivation as well. They tend to be a silencer among a group members when having a meeting or discussion because of the feeling unable to give an ideas or might be fear of rejected by others. Besides, mostly people who have low self-confidence can be a negative thinker where is this people always put negative view on others.
According to Daryl self perception is “A person’s view of him or herself and of any mental or physical attribute that makes up the person’s self. The perception theory of how self knowledge unfolds.” It assumes that internal states are inferences resulting from observation of one’s behaviour (Tuntufye., 1993: 267). Understanding how people get to know themselves is important because self knowledge is a foundation which people use in the process of forming values, preferences and attitudes. Clear self knowledge helps people make decisions in daily life, whereas the absence of well defined self knowledge can render an individual unable to make these decisions. The self perception theory consists of two basic claims.