Self Driving Mechanism

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Mechanism of how a self-driving car works:
Self-driving car consists of different mechanisms. All these mechanisms are combined to form a self-driving car. To know how actually this car works there were many research conducted. There are different types of devices that are attached like the sensors, laser rangefinders, camera, GPS, radars and many more. According to the research the mechanism behind the self-driving cars is:
Figure 1 Mechanism of self-driving car

Mapping the surrounding using computer’s vision:
Before doing anything these types of car maps the surrounding and saves it in the memory. For this process the car utilizes laser rangefinders and camera to build the map of the surrounding. Rayej has stated that, “A laser rangefinder
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The main cause of accidents is alcohol, drugs, speeding, aggressive driving, over-compensation, lack of experience, slow reaction time of the driver and distracted driving. Since, self-driving car is a programmed car so it doesn’t affect any of the condition unless software issues. According to the statistics, 40% of the accidents is caused by alcohol and drugs itself. Lyndon states that, “The Eno Center for Transportation found that if ten percent of all cars were self-driving, as many as 211,000 accidents would be prevented annually. Some 1,100 lives would be preserved, and the economic costs of automobile accidents would be reduced by more than $20 billion.” This means that even if 10% of the car is replaced by self-driving car, it can save many accidents from happening. From the figure 2, we can see the comparison of accident caused by a normal car and a self-driving car. Accordingly, the accident caused by the car drove by people are 23% more than of that self-driving…show more content…
The constant the speed the more gas we save. If there are more self-driving car, then the car can communicate with another car which can help them know if the car in front is going to stop. In addition, with all the cars in the constant speed, there will not be speeding up and slowing down which will help in saving fuel. When people drive the car, the gas pedal is not pressed in constant behavior, but with self-driving car it remains in constant speed which helps to reduce the gas consumption. According to the statistics if people use self-driving car it is estimated to save 2.9 billion gallons of fuel

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