The goal of a total health program is to improve a client 's level of well-being in all dimensions, not just physical health. Total health programs are based on the belief that many factors can affect a person 's level of health. The following categories are identified as important determinants of health status (Edelman and Mandle,2002) : tobacco use, nutrition, alcohol use, habit of taking drug use, driving, exercise, sexuality and contraceptive or barrier use, family relationships, risk factor modification, coping and
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study is to find out what can be done to enhance the quality of services and satisfy patients of Accidents and Emergency Department (AE Dept.) in RIPAS Hospital, Brunei Darussalam. The research objective is to determine actions and to assess the health care services provided the department in order to help attain high quality level and excellence. Research questions will serve as a guideline to understand how good quality services can lead to positive consumer satisfaction and how understanding patients’ expectation and motivation for medical care in the AE Department may lead to maximizing consumer satisfaction. In this regard, a framework known as SERVQUAL model, among several other tools of measuring service
Health psychology can help us to determine the causes of illness as well as the best way to treat it. Understanding that health and illness should be viewed as a continuum can help us treat Fatima as a person instead of just an illness. This means that we should study health psychology at the onset of illness, the adaption of illness, and the outcome of illness(Ogden, 2017). We should also strive to remember that no two patients are the same. There are variables that effect treatments and outcomes.
It is the expectation that one can master a situation, and produce a positive outcome. Self-efficacy is an important concept in positive psychology. Bandura stated that self-efficacy played a role in determining how individuals felt, thought and motivated themselves, which then ultimately affected the behaviour and the outcome. He defined (1997, p. vii) self-efficacy as “peoples’ beliefs in their capabilities to produce desired effects by their own actions.” Similarly, Maddux (2009a, p .336) has described self-efficacy as “what I believe I can do with my skills under certain conditions.” According to Bandura, self-efficacy is defined as “an individual’s belief or conviction that they can successfully achieve at a designated level on an academic task or attain a specific academic goal” (Feltz et al. 2007, p. 14).
Specifically, HBM proposes that persons show proper reactivity toward their health mostly when they realize they are at a risk which is extremely severe and a change in behavior would benefit them, and they are able to eliminate barriers to their good health behavior (Vazini & Barati, 2014). In a broad sense, HBM has key constructs such as supposed benefits, severity, barriers, and signals to achievement, perceived susceptibility, and self-efficiency that affect people’s health behavior (Bayat, Shojaeezadeh, Baikpour, Heshmat, Baikpour, and Hossein, 2013). African Americans have high-perceived susceptibility, self-efficacy, and severity towards diabetes and thus it is imperative to focus on their beliefs to determine the most effective
It is related to the extent to which the theory is able to inform nurses about the human health experience of well-being or adversity. Reed proposes that developing theories may be influenced by adverse circumstances, depending on how science is defined at the time of the theory’s development. In addition, considering how the theory deals with patients’ experiences with any misfortune, as well as how it provides guidelines for restoring theory, would be an important evaluative point. The theory of self-transcendence provides concepts that focus on client development and nursing interventions, which promote the client’s ability to experience self-transcendence and thus improved well-being (Reed, 2014). Based on the underlying assumptions that person and environment are essential to each other, the person’s ability to use self-transcendence activities as a means of healthy development during life challenges is thus assumed to be related to improved well-being (Coward, 2003).
1. INTRODUCTION OF THE REFLECTION Reflection is mindful, deliberate consideration to scrutinize one’s thoughts and actions in order to better oneself. (Donovan, 2006) In this reflection, I will be discussing a particular positive health behavior I would like to implement in my life, and the results of different interventions I pilot-tested. The flow of the reflection starts with describing the positive behavior change with rationale, interventions I took, how I felt, evaluation and analysis of interventions, a summary of what I have learnt about behavioral change, and lastly, what I plan to do if I encounter a similar situation. According to Bagay (2012), life-long reflection aids in nurses’ growth and improves patient care.
The theory has produced new nursing knowledge that is useful in practice. Thus, the scope and purpose of Reed’s theory are such that it can be applied to a wide variety of human health situations. The purpose of the theory is to enhance nurses’ understanding about well-being (Reed, 2008). Initially, Reed’s work focused on developmental resources in persons confronted by challenges of later adulthood related to indicators of mental health symptomatology, specifically, clinical depression (Reed, 1983, 1986b, 1991). In linking self-transcendence to mental health as an indicator of well-being, the scope of the theory expanded to include persons other than older adults who were facing end-of-own-life issues (Reed, 1991b).
It actively engages members of the community, ensuring that designed interventions are relevant, effective, socially and culturally acceptable; and promote uptake of prevention and risk reduction measures. This leads to empowerment, as the community gains control of the issues, set their priorities and take necessary actions to produce change. Ultimately, the community develops competence with respect to solving its problems, and gains experience. Health promotion is made easier as conditions that favour healthy behaviours are created; thus it can be concluded that communities can either support or inhibit health behaviour change (Edberg
The importance of media as an effective tool of generating awareness among adolescents on issues related to sexual and reproductive health is now globally accepted. Media in combination with meaningful social interaction contributes positively towards shaping the sexual attitudes and behaviours of the adolescents Adolescent Health is dedicated to improving the health and well-being of adolescents to enable them to become healthy, productive adults. Beside that adolescents have unique reproductive and sexual health needs. Teen sex, sexually transmitted infections, birth control, sexual education, and teen pregnancy are a few of the clinical and social issues covered here for young adults and their providers. In this regard health professionals have greater role through their empathetic approach, confidential assessment and genuine concern to provide treatment which is adolescent