According to Bryant (2006), this type of therapeutic intervention encompasses psychoeducation, cognitive restructuring, anxiety management, imaginal and in vivo exposure, as well as relapse prevention. The client will receive education about stressful reactions to trauma and treatment options, which will help normalize the client’s stress response and enhance the expectancy of recovery. By implementing cognitive restructuring, the clinician will address unrealistic and maladaptive perceptions the client might have about the traumatic event and his fears of potential harm in the future. It will be useful to provide anxiety management strategies to the client in the therapy sessions because they can provide him with a degree of control over his distress and with a sense of relief. The techniques used for anxiety management include muscle relaxation and breathing retraining.
Components of CBT are thoughts, emotions, behaviors and biology. CBT helps patients understand the thoughts and feelings that influence their behaviors so they may make better, and more productive decisions regarding their lives. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) can be effective in the treatment of individuals with mental illnesses and disorders. It is a common type of mental health counseling where a cognitive behavioral therapist (psychotherapist or therapist) work together with the client for a limited number of sessions to help the patient become aware of negative or inaccurate thinking in order to respond better to challenging situations (Test and Procedures: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, 2014). According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness, “Cognitive behavioral therapy is a form of treatment that focuses on examining the relationships between thoughts, feeling, and behaviors” (Duckworth, M.D.
A psychotherapists is then a person who uses psychological means instead of medical means to treat mental disorders. A psychotherapist can be considered as effective if they understand that mental disorders cannot be cured but can be treated and controlled. Effective psychotherapists also have good communication skills, they are open minded, understanding, creative, empathetic and persuasive (Wampold, 2011). They have a treatment plan, they record the progress of the clients and are flexible with their treatment strategies as they treat patients with different problems, personalities and backgrounds (Wampold, 2011). They also keep their personal issues away from clients.
As stated previously, REBT counselors believe that client’s problems are caused by the beliefs they hold (Corey, 2013). The overall goal of REBT theory is to help clients minimize emotional disturbances, decrease self-defeating behaviors, and become happier. The therapeutic goal of REBT theory is to help clients develop and internalize a rational philosophy of life. REBT theory teaches clients how to deal with negative feelings of sorrow, regret, frustration, depression, and anxiety (Kiser, 2013). Through the REBT theory, clients develop a positive outlook and maintain positive cognitions by reorganizing the irrational thoughts and beliefs they hold.
Moreover, client’s perception of therapist’s flexibility is also important to ensure client’s satisfaction of the therapy (Reis et al., 2008). These findings reflect the characteristics of flexible therapeutic relationship to create good working alliance and suggest that rigid therapeutic relationship is not desired by clients. To further support this, Plexico, Manning, and DiLollo (2010) researched on effective and ineffective therapeutic relationship between therapists and clients with speech stuttering. The participants were asked to describe the experience with their therapists who effectively changed their stuttering and the experience with those who were unable to change their stuttering. Effective therapists were described as more competent because the therapists could show their understanding of the clients and willing to listen to the clients.
It helps the people with specific needs in raising their morale while building the positive behaviour towards their life. This therapy helps in the treatment of depression, suicidal tendency, and changes in personality, and anxiety. The educational and vocational interventions help the patients of specific needs to gain their independence in their daily lives. This further helps the people to gain the knowledge along with the accurate information about the recent conditions in such a way that they can implement the approach of self-help in development of their independent life (Johnson & Souza,
He is also encouraged to use coping strategies once he detects physical symptoms. Then, the information Andrew gathers is used to draw an anxiety cycle (triggers, responses, symptoms, safety behaviours) and introduce CBT as a scientific process where he could test the validity of his safety behaviours and his distorted thoughts. In particular, the therapist helps Andrew to articulate his negative thoughts that are associated with his anxiety (fear of looking like a fool) by asking him to complete the
Kazantzis et al. (2010) stated that this therapy technique is thought to address underlying processes that occur in multiple disorders. MBCT may influence emotional and evaluative dimensions that underlie aspects of a person’s general well-being. This is done through the combination of mindfulness meditation, yoga, and education regarding the mind-body relationship, which helps increase a person’s awareness of their disorder and leads to increased health and well-being of patients with a wide array of disorders. Kabat-Zin emphasizes that “the simple act of recognizing your thoughts as thoughts can free you from the distorted reality they often create and allow for more clear-sightedness and a greater sense of manageability in your life” (Kazantzis, et al., 2010, in
Perhaps, it builds trust and the person and to comfort them to make them feel important and welcomed. It also helps them not to feel lonely, and they feel secure on a one on one talk. There are supportive services for instance, “The local services offers help like a contact hotline, 24-hour Line, 24-hour child and teen hotline, and they advise to calm down your situation”(NIMH). The importance of suicide could be at any time of the day or night, and local services are here to help out and lent a hand to try their best to resolve the situation of the cause of suicide. The therapist provides medication to calm them down and make them realize what they are putting themselves into and to make a change of
It is interesting that Ward et al. (2011) identified empathetic attitudes as protective factors against stress and emotional burnout. Knowing this, I will not mentally remove myself from the suffering of others. I will continue to develop my altruistic outlook to promote healthy outcomes for my patients. I have participated in some empathy development strategies, such as developing interpersonal and interviewing skills and learning from empathetic role models.
They teach patients about warning signs that indicate a relapse might be on the brink as well as what to do if they find themselves in a situation where the warning signs present themselves. The team focuses on helping their patients attain and maintain sobriety. One of the ways they try to do this is through life coaching. Some of the common relapse triggers that the website lists are, financial struggles, exhaustion, impatience, and depression. The last therapy listed is emotional processing.
Explained to Jason how behavioral therapy will help with his anxiety and it is focus on helping eradicate unwanted behavior. Jason will attend therapy in order to learn what thoughts and feeling has leaded him to feel anxious and be able to fully understand it. Explain to Jason the reason behind choosing this type of approach since a behavior is learned and it can be un-learned. The main goal is to help Jason learn a new positive behavior, which will lead to eliminate the issue of anxiety. Also explain to Jason I will incorporate a cognitive approach since it dealing with thoughts, beliefs and attitudes.
The people with addictions at Insite are able to see that they had recovered from their addiction and they could too have a future ahead of them. People that come into Insite with addictions say that “they don’t mind talking to us, where other places they feel uncomfortable talking to people because they’re not talking to someone who is the same as them” (580). This quote illustrates the feelings the drug addicts get from communicating with people who have been through similar situations. The people with addictions connect with the workers at the Insite and feel comfortable sharing their stories with them. In conclusion, rehabilitation at Insite provides users with safe services and staff who were former addicts themselves which is beneficial to people with addictions and will help them improve their lives.
This was helpful because with me planning to use this in order to determine where a client stands in the processes of change, it was beneficial that the article explained what to expect in each stage and made suggestions in order for the client to experience each stage to its full potential. An example being the Self-Reevaluation stage, which suggested value clarification, healthy role models, and imagery are techniques that can move people evaluatively. Therefore, exposing the clients to others who have succeeded in overcoming substance abuse and has developed a better life in doing so may encourage them to change their habits rather than having to verbally recommend why changing their habits is necessary. Overall this was an article that supplied great information and will not only be a reference I use in intervention, but will also be something I use in my personal