Self Objectification

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The current study is a descriptive study that conducted with a survey model for the purpose of investigating the mediating role of attachment styles in the relationship of sexual objectification with social appearance anxiety and risk-taking behaviors among female university students. The study sample consisted of 708 voluntary female students educating in different faculties of Mersin University. Students completed the Personal Information Form, the Social Appearance Anxiety Scale, the Experiences in Close Relationships-II Inventory, the University Form of Risk Behaviors Scale, and Interpersonal Sexual Objectification Scale for the collection of data. We calculated Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients in order to determine relations…show more content…
In society, women who have failed to meet these standards of the female body are considered as inadequate and these women excluded, thus women feel they have to accomplish them. Because of they so exposed to eyes of the society towards the female body, after a while, the view of society becomes a women’s self-gaze in a situation accompanied by feelings of inadequacy. Fredrickson and Roberts (1997) deal as "self-objectification" the internalization of women's view of society. Since the human being is a socio-cultural entity and affected by the current society, it is not surprising that women objectify themselves. Female body to be in the center of mass media such as television or internet and, unrealistic beauty ideals imposed by the media constitutes a perception that women should look like "cover girl" in the society. This situation, which develops on the basis of media, is easily transferred from the virtual world to the real world. The reason is that all kinds of information and content can be spread easily across the globalized world and in all developed and developing countries where the borders of the media are now more permeable than in previous centuries. On the basis of this permeability, fashion, cosmetics and cosmetic surgery fields, which may be regarded…show more content…
Today, patriarchal order target at the female body. Consistent with this statement of Gervais (2013), there are different studies indicating that women become more objectification target. Fredrickson, Roberts, Noll, Quinn & Twenge (1998) carried out one of these studies. They have examined comparatively the effect of objectification on the women's and men's performance of mathematics, in their study. According to this study, self-objectification reduces the performance of mathematics only in women. Another study conducted in 2004 (Roberts and Gettmann) has shown that objectification experiences that the media exposed play an important role at the beginning of self-objectification with the psychological consequences accompanying the objectification. Frederick, Forbes, Grigorian & Jarcho (2007) have examined gender differences on the basis of objectification theory and have achieved the result that women showed lower body satisfaction than men. Another study (Tiggemann and Kuring, 2004) that examined the predictability of self-objectification in depressive mood and eating disorders confirm this predictability for women. Oehlof, Musher-Eizenman, Neufeld & Hauser (2009) have shown that women self-objectified at a higher level than men similar to the aforementioned other study findings. Another study
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