Self-Regulation In Online Learning

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As online learning increases, the characteristic of being a more autonomous learner becomes a more desirable and helpful trait. This is due to the amount of freedom and control the learner experiences with regard to the place, time, materials, when, content , and especially the strategy to study (Cunningham & Billingsley, 2003). A part of what makes an autonomous learner successful is the influence of their self-regulation abilities. Several researchers have explored the connection between self-regulation and the academic performance in traditional face-to-face classrooms (e.g. Zimmerman, 1998; Kramarski & Gutman, 2006; Kramarski & Mizarachi, 2006). Barnard et al. (2009) point out that if self-regulation is a factor in the traditional classroom,…show more content…
Self-judgment allows the learner to evaluate their performance based on the outcome of their completed task. For example, after an assessment, the learner can interpret their results as being inconsistent or in line with their predetermined goals. The learner further modifies their learning process through self-reactions, where they reflect on the level of satisfaction from the task outcome. The student then goes on to understand how they arrived at their outcome (Graham & Williams, 2009). Perhaps time management was lacking or there was a misunderstanding of the material. With self-reflection, the learner can identify these issues and try to accommodate for the following…show more content…
As it will be further described in the related concept section of this paper, motivation consists of learners’ reasons for learning (i.e. goal orientation) and personal perceptions of abilities (i.e. self-efficacy) (Pintrich & De Groot 1990). Lawanto, Santoso, Lawanto, and Goodridge (2014) evaluated engineering students’ self-regulated learning (SRL) skills in online-guided courses. When comparing student outcomes, they found that higher performers scored higher on goal setting and environment structuring than the lower performers. From a literature review of Canadian community college course completion, goal orientation was positively linked to students successfully completing their courses (Beatty-Guenter, 2001). Self-regulated learners set more specific goals, which assists to better plan the following attributes, such as time and environment
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