The Rationale Feedback is closely related to learning and teaching theories making it a significant element in learning despite the theories that may be adapted. In the learning environment, the purpose of feedback may vary but the tutor is bestowed with the responsibility to provide positive reinforcement to encourage students’ applications of learning in new environments. With feedback, both the student and tutors get to a common ground where success in learning can be quantified. Literature Review From
They also learn from their past experiences that forms as a knowledge base from which they draw learning concepts (Sommers 1989). They require reinforcement to be a part of the learning process so as to correct mistakes in their performance. Hanson (1996) argued that the difference in learning is related to individual characteristics and differs in context, culture and power but not related to the age and stage of one's life. Future of Andragogy Malcom Knowles pioneered the adult learning theory but much more can be looked upon based on the various factors that affect it. Keeping Knowles theory of andragogy in mind, further studies can be done to go beyond his version and include broader perspectives in the field.
This author persuades teachers to appreciate the differences. He explains: There are some individual differences that teachers should not only tolerate but also put to their best advantage. For example, extraverted learners should be provided with an opportunity to discuss the material even if that is not the teacher’s normal style. Likewise, introverted students might need periodically to be sheltered from others so they can find the peace they need in order to learn.
“Self-Reliance” written by, Ralph Waldo Emerson, tells about how people stick to a certain way of thinking due to the strategy they grew up with and what they have told and seen. “A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds, adored by little statesmen and philosophers and divines.” On the other hand, “Various kinds of thinking” written by James Harvey, tells how people have several different processes of thinking, and their minds and thoughts are constantly changing as they grow. These different kinds of thinking are: conscious, unconscious thinking, mind and body, rationalizing, reverie, real, and good reasoning that explained by both of these authors in their stories. Each excerpt, explains knowledge in its own way. “A foolish
Instruction should be based upon the laws of organization: proximity, closure, similarity, and simplicity. (Kearsley, 2003, p.25) Gestalt theory is interrelated with directed reading thinking activity as students construct knowledge based on prior knowledge. It depends on learner’s past and current experiences and perceptions to acquire new information. This particular study on using DRTA is based on the above learning theories. Learning through DRTA strategy is based on the schema and cognitive theory because our previous knowledge is important to comprehend the text.
For someone who has never taken this class before, the way that I would explain learning would be it is the way understand. Meaning everyone understands the same thing differently, learning is a thought process how you think is a way you understand and retain knowledge. Learning is a way of retaining your knowledge. According to our textbook learning is defined as “our ability to take in the world around us and make sense of it so that we can respond to it an efficient, effective, and appropriate manner.” As you can see in the textbook in section 1.2 according to a scientist by the name of Louis Pasteur learning empowers us when our minds are ready to learn. Also in the same section of the text learning empowers us in three ways: 1) it allows us to gain new knowledge so that we can get a better understanding of ourselves, 2) it allows us to develop new skills that we can use in our ever day life, 3) and it prepares us as we grow, adapt, and mature.
Both authors took a different approach to autonomy in education, but both authors did believe that students who are given some autonomy in what they learn and how they learn flourish a little better. It is on Gardner’s work that I’ll be focusing in this essay as I actually attended a school whose curriculum was based on his
He explicates that at some point a child cannot understand without a master explaining to him. There is a type of content that a parent and student himself cannot understand only the master. This brings up a point of the importance of teaching strategies. It is much more important that the master leads and students follow because many researches have proven that students understand the content well with the explications of the
Oxford dictionary describes Mentors as "An experienced and trusted adviser" and role model as " A person looked to by others as an example to be imitated". These definitions well explain the concept of role models. It is also evident that Role modelling is not a discrete episode in which students observe rather a continuous state of doing the right thing so students can learn and imitate them. To become a role model you also do not need to be an experienced, senior or trusted person but just need to execute right things in right fashion so students can learn from. Many times learning is an unconscious phenomenon thus teachers need to be conscious of this, as teachers in state of automaticity may do unprofessional things and students do not miss any chance to pick them.