The German philosopher Immanuel Kant is considered to be a central figure of contemporary philosophy. Kant argued that fundamental concepts, structure human experience and that reason is the foundation of morality. In Kant’s 1784 essay “What is Enlightenment” he briefly outlined his opinions on what Enlightenment is, the difficulties to enlightenment and how individuals attain enlightenment. Kant defined enlightenment as “Man’s release from his self-incurred tutelage” (Kant 1) and the “Courage to use his own reason.”(Kant 1) Immanuel Kant believed that “laziness and cowardice” were the leading reasons why many men remained un-enlightened. Kant stated that people refused to free themselves from the device of “self-imposed tutelage” because
a. Emerson’s idea about self-reliance is doing what makes you happy and not worrying about what people will think of you; alsfheo doing things individually. In the passage, he says that every person has the potential for accomplishing amazing things without the negative effect of society; this is accomplished through the power of self-belief. Emerson also talked about how people should not follow the rules (not in a rebellious display) in order to express individualism. Regarding these beliefs, I side with Emerson because I believe that people should be themselves and not allow society to tell them how to act. On the
King Henry wanted to be on the people’s side by not making them pay money which was a big advantage for him. When King Henry VIII decided to break away from the Catholic Church he had a plan to get the people on his side and agree with his choice to start his own Church. During the time of King Henry VIII the monks who were taking money from the town people were mostly fat and lazy. When they took money from the poor they became very wealthy so they could buy more land and expand their monasteries. King Henry VIII wanted to dissolve the monasteries ‘like sugar in hot liquid’ which he later called his plan the “Dissolution” meaning that that they were to be dissolved and gone from the town.
Benjamin Franklin presents clear reasons why the colonies are declaring independence, including a cause-and-effect explanation and specific offenses for evidence. His cause is that the British government is not doing a professional job. The effect of this is that they need to secede and develop their own nation. "from the consent of the governed,’ those people with unalienable Rights to Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness [...] whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government" (Declaration of Independence). In this draft Franklin shows how the British government has wronged the people and not met their standards.
Transcendentalism was a literary and philosophical movement in a America that was looking for an identity. The main ideas of transcendentalism are that the individual should be independent and that man is inherently good.They also thought that individuals should find God through nature.Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau were the leaders of transcendentalism. Both Emerson and Thoreau wrote about these ideas and expanded them to nature and god. The leader of transcendentalism were looked down upon but their ideas are still relevant today. A theme that connects the transcendental writings of Thoreau and Emerson to modern time is the idea that says that society is not good for individuals.
After declaring Independence in 1776, Americans replaced their government with a Democratic one in which people were supposed to have equal rights. Although Thoreau agreed that the shift from a “monarchy to a democracy [was] a progress toward a true respect for the individual,” he believed that the government was still too involved in the lives of individuals. Reasoning that the only purpose of the government was to protect the individual freedoms of the people it governed, Thoreau believed that it should have minimal control over their lives or better yet none at
Traditionally, "The Enlightenment" has been associated with France, America, and Scotland rather than Britain, which, strangely enough, is thought not to have had an Enlightenment to speak of. Roy Porter effectively upsets this view in Enlightenment: Britain and the Creation of the Modern World. Porter's general concern is with "the interplay of activists, ideas, and society," and to this end he examines innovations in social, political, scientific, psychological, and theological discourse. The key figures (the "enlightened thinkers") read like a Who's Who of the 17th and 18th centuries--Newton, Locke, Bernard de Mandeville, Erasmus Darwin, Priestley, Paine, Bentham, and Britain's "premier enlightenment couple" Mary Wollstonecraft and William Godwin, as well as the men who helped popularize and disseminate their ideas, such as Addison, Steele, Defoe, Pope, and Sterne. The book is peppered with brilliant quotes, and although it covers such vast ground in a rapid and sometimes breathless manner, Porter just about manages to hold it all together.
We as individuals deserve to be treated with respect, kindness, and non-judgmental attitudes. All individuals all deserve the same rights and privileges as well as acceptance, tolerance, and self-esteem. Last but not least, all individuals have their freedom of choice and decisions. I believe us as a nation, need to learn how to socialize more and learn from one another. In doing some research, I touched on some key words in describing how one looks at the philosophy of diversity, but Cornell Thomas and John Butler couldn’t have said it any better.
General Remarks In the first chapter of the essay utilitarianism by John Stuart Mill begins by observing something of a crisis in moral thinking: essentially, people have been unable to come to any agreement on what philosophies the notions of "right" and "wrong" are based on. Having portrayed this problem, Mill introduces utilitarianism as a prospective solution. He argues that it is already indirectly used as a standard, and that it achieves the requirements of being a first principle. It is imperative to note that Mill explains morality 's purpose as bringing about a specific state of the world. Mill defines this context through which to understand morality as the essential one.
another big part of jeans book the social contract was that humans are all born good but are corrupted by society this is why jean thought that all people must enter a “social contract” that requires people to recognize a collective good will,which represents the common good or public intrest.another famous book that jean made was a book called the discorse on the arts and sciences, this book was a response to an essay contest that was about had resent advances in the arts and sciences contributed to what was called the purifacation of morals. jean then had an apifomi,it struck him that civerlition and progress had not infact improved people instead they had a terrible influence on the morality of human beings who had once been good.rosseau then went on to win the essay contest and his book became a best seller.although most people did not agree with rosseaus ideas as he produced more books and more evidence to back up his ideas people began to relise what he was talking about and what he meant in his books and
Montag’s search for justice is him looking for knowledge that the government is trying to destroy and replace with simpler forms of entertainment such as TV. "’So now do you see why books are hated and feared? They show the pores in the face of life. The comfortable people want only wax moon faces, poreless, hairless, expressionless (85).’" People have gotten so politically correct that they would rather get rid of all different ideas than learn to understand and accept them. This laziness to deal with others lead to the government to destroy the ideas of different thinkers than what is considered normal to them.
Silver suggest that the U.S should have fair terms for people who at least attempt to assist others in need as best as possible. In addition, the people emotions mostly triggers a person’s senses into doing helping others ethically indirectly or directly. If the United States did establish ethically responsibility as a law then there would be many advantages and disadvantages. The relationship between a nation’s legal system helps people realize that there are governments order and nothing is given in return of committing an an act that is ethically
On the other end of the spectrum there were Rationalists who believed that governing with reason was the best way to go. They focused on life on Earth, rather than bettering themselves to please a god. The current democracy that is in place in America, although it is much more similar to rationalism than puritanism, hold traits from both governments that could be seen in colonist America. The colonial time period in America was a rather long time period lasting from when the first colony was established in 1607 and ended with the signing of the Declaration of Independence. And during this time period Native American culture was being tampered with, and two very different forms of government, puritanism and rationalism, were being
It seems like Zin thinks society should become a more of a Hobbes society due to the reason of the American people being able to have equal rights. Zin states that the American Creed is based upon our natural rights and “that all men are created equal”. America has failed to live up to their beliefs over time, but has had movements of bringing people together in more recent times. Zins thinks that the American political system is every man for himself in having the rich become richer and the poor be poorer which resembles Hobbes ideology of man being basically evil unless the sovereignty helps teaches and changes society’s mind of evilness. America created a government to protect its people, but Zin argues that our founding fathers created