Caring helps influence the ways in which people think, feel, and behave in relation to one another (Ozan, Okumus, & Lash, 2015). Caring in the nursing practice provides the presence of a touch, listening, spiritual caring, relieving pain, and a support system. Jean Watson 's Human Science and Human Care Theory includes transpersonal caring and relationships (a moral idea), carative factors (what to do), carative process (how to do), and the human care paradigm (Hood, 2018). These tools are necessary to use in a nurse’s daily life. Watson’s theory focuses on caring as the moral ideal of nursing and helping a person understand meaning in sickness, pain, and existence.
Therapeutic communication is part of the art of nursing that determines a better positive outcome within the scope of practice. Gestures, gaze, touch and expressions should be unique as per the culture of the community (Zangaro 2010). Skilful communication promotes great quality care for patients. One of the new effective clinical communication tools in health service executive is ISBAR (Identify-Situation-Background-Assessment-Recommendation) for effective communication between multidisciplinary team. In this cost containment atmosphere(W H O 2014) nurses are physically and mentally facing many challenges to attain maximum productivity with minimal cost (BUERHAUS 2009).
Utility of The Theory in Education. In terms of education, self-transcendence theory is in the writings of nursing theorists who are influential in nursing education (). These writings share a common view identifying self-transcendence as a foundational concept for the nursing field (Smith & Liehr, 2014). All levels of education may use the theory in courses to support the care of the aging (Smith & Liehr, 2014). The art of acting with older adults at community senior centers is designed to develop more positive attitudes in nursing students (Chen & Walsh, 2009; Walsh et al., 2008).
However, I am aware that the beginning of effective leadership would be by developing a vision of the organization where a nurse leader serves. Coming up with a picture of what would be a future of excellence in delivering nursing care in the organization would be crucial in motivating and raising commitment among the other nurses. As a nurse leader, the vision that I would hold dear would be to ensure I have the capacity to make sure that the systems in place benefit individual needs of the patients in a manner that patients are always handled with respect and dignity while the work that nurses perform is respected and valued. For this to be met, there is a need for the nurse leader to assist the other nurses grasp the envisioned picture and remaining at the forefront in directing the others on where to go. Subsequently, I would want to be the kind of a nurse leader who can enable the staff to grasp the vision, to make sure the appropriate people assume the nursing roles and to model the behaviors that are desired of the other
Anybody needs a nurse hence the development of the need theory. Unitary human beings theory by Rogers believes that a person should be harmonized with the environment so that the person may attain maximum health potential. Self-care theory by Orem explains that a healthy person should have wholeness of the human structures, mental and body functioning. Her nursing theory suggested that as much as people seek for nursing attention from the experts, they first start their nursing with themselves and nurse their family members. Neumann’s system model theory looks at the environmental stressors, and the nurses try to retain and maintain the patients’ health through maintaining the patients’ system fit with the environmental system.
"The Nola Pender Health Promotion Model, 1996" is based on educating people on how to care for and lead a healthy life. This theory identifies in the individual cognitive-perceptual factors that are modified by the situational, personal and interpersonal characteristics, which results in the participation in behaviors conducive to health, when there is a pattern for action. She considers health as a high-level positive state, and takes it as a goal, towards which the person must strive to lead a healthy life. The objective of this model is to integrate both the nurse and the person regarding the behaviors that promote the human well-being, biological, psychological and sociocultural; It is visualized that the nursing professional should be
The theoretical framework gives a detailed reason to why the highlighted research ques-tion exists. Orem’s self-care deficit theory of nursing is the theoretical framework relat-ing to this research because the theory is further divided into three sub-theories in which requisite are line with the following: Individual stages of development and goals, Health conditions, Developmental states, Energy consumption and expenditure, Atmospheric conditions and also the theory gives room to investigate possible causes of malnutrition alongside nurse’s intervention by assessing the need for care, approaches and required interventions. According Orem in 2001, nursing can be viewed as part of the health sector that provides authorized care to individuals.
Orem’s Self-Care Deficit theory includes 3 constituent theories, namely; the theory of self-care, the self-care deficit theory and theory of nursing systems. The theory states that an individual as an obligation to tend to their own needs. The person has a right and responsibility to engage in continuous self-maintenance, the capability to do so is termed an ‘’agency’’ ( Denyes, Orem and Bekel , 2001). In a nursing environment promoting independence is integral to practice, as with the thinking behind Orem’s theory , ‘’Implementing interventions to maintain a sense of control over their own experience of health maintenance promotes better outcome’s ‘’ (O’Shaughnessy ,2014). In practice ,using the self-care theory , the individual efficiently attends to their own need and also maintains their
They are the ones who are being directly addressed with nursing care by mental health nurses. With the development of these competencies, mental health nurses will be more able to render competence and quality nursing care to the patients. Mental health nurses and nursing Practice. This study will be able to provide better understanding of the roles and responsibilities of mental health nurses, as it will be in line with research-based competencies. These competencies assist the professional development and ongoing evaluation of competence of the individual mental health nurse.
In 2003 the Royal College of Nursing (RCN) defined nursing as “The use of clinical judgement in the provision of care to enable people to improve, maintain, or recover health, to cope with health problems, and to achieve the best possible quality of life, whatever their disease or disability, until death.” Nurses strive to accomplish the best possible quality of life for their patients, regardless of disease or disability. Crosta (2014) elaborates on this by writing that nurses use clinical judgment to optimise, protect and promote health, ease suffering and become advocates in health care for their patients and their families encouraging person-centred care. Price (2006) defines person-centred care as care which centres on the patient’s own experience of their needs, health and illness. Patient-centred care is linked within literature to the concept of Holism. Holistic care includes caring for an individual as a whole by assessing their physical, psychological, spiritual, social and cultural needs and providing care in an environment which supports this philosophy (Price, 2006).