In addition to it , his last words were " But now it is the time to go away, I am to die and you to live. Which of us goes to a better thing is unclear to everyone except the God". This proves that Socrates believed in after life which is dependent on God. Although, Socrates believed that he was a messenger of God. The people blamed Socrates to have a neutral approach towards their Gods, so they decided to put the blame on him for all the misfortunes.
After reading the textbook and Plato’s writing influenced by Socrates, I realized that in the period of his life Socrates was indeed truly a threat to the Athens society, because he looked for answers that no one else bothered to find which challenged their culture. The Athens believed a certain way during their time period. Those who did not implement their system into their lives were considered a threat. So how exactly was Socrates a threat to the Athenian society? Well, my proof was given from the passage,
_______ In Plato’s Republic, Socrates uses the metaphor of Kallipolis to demonstrate the idea of justice in a city to allow for a closer inspection of justice in the individual. This city is ruled by a guardian class, raised from childhood to be perfect leaders, or as Socrates puts it, philosopher kings. In order for this graced individuals to come about, they must go through rigorous physical conditioning and partake in a comprehensive musical education. This musical education differs from that of a traditional Greek citizen not only in its intensity, but also in its subject matter. Many of the traditional songs, poems, epics, works of art, and works of literature used in education would be removed by virtue of the censorship Socrates deems
Kronos was a terrible titian, he was very selfish and worried more about his power than his own children. As a result, whenever one of his children was born he ate them. Zeus was lucky enough to be saved by Rhea and Gaea so when he came of age he decided to help his siblings that were trapped in Kronos. Zeus wanted to make things right for his mother and grandmother too, so he got a drugged drink that would cause Kronos to release his siblings. Furthermore, taking down Kronos was not the only good thing Zeus did in the myth, “The Cyclopes were so
Socrates was arguably one of the wisest men to ever live. Having written nothing of his own, everything known about him was recorded by his pupils, especially Plato, who is considered by many to be the greatest philosopher of Western civilization.1 The vision of Socratic philosophy can be traced through Socrates' very actions and words as recorded in documents like The Apology, Crito, and Phaedo of Socrates. Socrates' vision pours out into what his goals and methods were like and overflows into critical application in society now. While on trial in Athens, Socrates seemed to keep himself level-headed, defending himself to his accusers while also laying out what his vision and goals were. He spoke to his accusers as he would speak to any
Socrates was a great philosopher of the Greek world. He was quite an atypical and distinctive person. Being different from all the other philosophers of the land, Socrates was teaching his students ideas totally out of the ordinary from what the society believed was right. As a result, he displeased many people so much that they decided to get rid of him. Socrates was put to trial, accused of spoiling the youth of Athens, tried and sentenced to death.
In Plato’s book Republic, he outlines the ideal just society. Through his written dialogue, Plato describes the ideal city. He calls this city Kallipolis and that is where I am from. Kallipolis means beautiful city. The city was outlined to be a healthy city where justice prevails.
Table of Content Introduction on Socrates 3 The relationship between Socrates, Plato, Xenophon and Aristotle 4 Socratic Method 6 Socratic Paradoxes 8 Contribution of Socrates to sociology 10 Death and Execution 12 Conclusion 15 References 16 INTRODUCTION ON SOCRATES To begin with, Socrates was a classical Greek philosopher who was born 470 BC in Athens, Greece. Laying the foundations of Western Philosophy, Socrates is still seen as a bewildering figure. There is little information about his writings and he is mostly recognized by his students Plato and Xenophon as well as through the plays of Aristophanes. These plays provide an irreplaceable and vivid portrayal of Socrates ' philosophy and personality. Concerning his personal life, Socrates was the son of Sophroniscus, an Athenian stone mason and sculptor, and Phanerate, a midwife.
In his book “The Republic”, Plato argues vis-à-vis Socrates that the philosopher is, in fact, the happiest person. He draws this conclusion when he compares it against that of a money-lover and an honour-lover. This paper will expound on the argument put forth by Socrates and in doing so will provide the reasons for my support of his argument. In Book 9 of “The Republic”, Socrates wants to find out the type of person that enjoys the most pleasant life and therefore, suggests that the soul of each individual be divided into three parts: the appetitive, the spirited and the rational. He corresponds each of these to people and categorizes them into three different kinds, based on what part rules them.
It’s as just such a gadfly, it seems to me, that the God has attached me to the city- one that awakens, cajoles, and reproaches each and every one of you as a never stops alighting everywhere on you the whole day” (Plato, Apology, 30e-31a). Until the end of his death, Socrates believed he was innocent and was dying wrongfully, but was never afraid of death. With a lot of thought, I have also come to the conclusion that no, I would not convict Socrates, as he is harmless. However, it is also important to understand the time he lived in was much different than now. Atheism was not accepted, as everyone was to believe in a God.