The Seminole Indian tribe had difficulties at times, but in the end, they became very successful. The origin, culture, traditions, leaders, and wars are just a few of the reasons why I find the Seminole Indian tribe interesting. It all began when a group of Indians named the Creeks, migrated to Florida. “The Creek Indians were from Alabama and Georgia and decided to migrate in the 1700s.
The Seminoles built their houses in a unique way, and the houses were built the way they were for good reasons. Until the Indian Removal Act of 1830 went into effect, the Seminoles of North Florida built log cabin type homes. When the Seminoles retreated south, they needed new structures. Because the indians were hunted, they needed homes that they could destroy easily. The homes also needed to be suitable for life in the swamps.
1. Summarize Ernest Gaines’ life in 5-7 sentences. Ernest James Gaines was conceived on the Stream Lake Manor close to the little villa of Oscar, in Pointe Coupee Area, Louisiana. His progenitors had lived on the same ranch since bondage, staying after liberation to work the area as tenant farmers. Gaines and his crew lived in the houses, tremendously extended, that had once served as slave quarters.
The Chesapeake Bay was a southern plantation system; the slaves worked on self-sufficient on tobacco plantation, the African salves replace the indentured servants. Cultural distinctions between Africans and Afro- Americans developed in the Chesapeake as well. In the early seventeenth century, black and white servants worked together on plantations, using English agricultural practices. Masters were conditioned by custom to provide food and shelter for their servants.
Booker T. Washington was born as a slave on a Virginia plantation in the South in 1856. He earned a Liberal Arts degree from Hampton Institute. He was a teacher for a short time and later established an industrial college in Tuskegee, Alabama (Moses). He was awarded an honorary doctorate from Harvard University (McKenna). Washington gained national recognition and was even invited by Theodore Roosevelt to the White House.
The Zapotecs were known as the “Cloud People” and were settled in the southern highlands of central Mesoamerica, in the valley of Oaxaca. They constructed their first capitol, Monte Alban around 500 BCE and traded with numerous cultures like the Olmec, Teotihuacan, and Maya civilizations. The Zapotecs had a large variety of agriculture, and this allowed them to trade with the Olmec civilization, and eventually build an impressive capital site at Monte Alban. The Zapotecs were divided into three separate groups; the Valley Zapotec, Sierra Zapotec, and Southern Zapotec. Close to the end of the Preclassic period, Zapotec cities showed a high level of innovation in architecture.
The Cherokee Indians are of Iroquoian descent and originally from the Great Lakes region of the country. They were one of the largest of five Native American tribes who settled in the American Southeast portion of the country in the areas that we today call Alabama, Kentucky, Georgia, Tennessee, South Carolina, North Carolina, West Virginia, and Virginia. The Cherokees believed that the earth belonged to no one readily shared the land they called home and taught the early settlers how to hunt, fish, and farm in their new environment. They introduced them to crops such as corn, squash, and potatoes; and taught them how to use herbal medicines for illnesses. Easily adapting to the colonist’s European culture early the Cherokee replaced their traditionally made products with European made pots and knives, guns, and gunpowder.
Hurston intersperses folk music throughout the novel, most notably in a party scene at Alf Pearson’s plantation. Hurston describes the music as “furious music of the little drum whose body was still in Africa, but whose soul sung around a fire in Alabama” (30). The folk songs that Hurston collected in the 1920s and 30s had roots in Africa, but were adapted to Southern culture. The songs mention Tennessee, Florida and Illinois as well as North American animals such as cows, raccoons and possums, yet are based on African songs and played on African instruments. Hurston would have actually collected these songs in communities similar to those in the novel.
By the year 1815, African slaves formed 67% of the island’s population. After the British abolishment of slavery (between 1834 and 1838), some of the freed slaves lived in new villages to work whenever is possible seeking independence and reliance on themselves, while others worked as artisans and farmers. Some women on the other hand worked in the properties of the white people. After the World War II, the colony’s economy was dominated by oil, and not by sugar nor by
James Oglethorpe, the founder of Georgia, was the one to lead English settlers to the colony. The Spanish were there originally, but 1730, when James led the settlers, the Spanish were mainly gone. James led the settlement as a refuge for the poor and debtors. He also made a multifaceted plan for settling and government called Oglethorpe Plan, which will be touched upon further in the governments slide.
But the reality was that the Black Seminoles and Seminole Indians outnumbered the low number of fugitive slaves in Florida. And within two years, most of these slaves would be returned to their owners thus limiting their role in influencing the Seminoles or the outcome of the war. But more importantly, the actions of the escaped slaves and their contribution did signal a significant argument for a slave rebellion concurrent with the War. The alliance among the Freedmen, the escaped slaves, and the Seminoles, though, was solidified at the beginning of the War, when they collectively attacked plantations in Northeast Florida in late
Shells also had meaning, reflecting the belief that they "enclose the soul 's immortal presence. "By the 1790s, free African Americans established the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church and, in 1794, formed the African Society. The Society opened a new cemetery and the African Burial Ground was closed. Although the site was known to be a cemetery, real estate pressures took priority in the rapidly expanding city, and subdividing of the land began in 1795. A street grid, followed by commercial, industrial, and residential development, erased the memory of the cemetery.
Micanopy- was the Seminole chief from 1780 through 1843 (okhistory.org). He was known as the “Chiefs of Chiefs” and the “Pond Governor”. He welcomed around one hundred of escaped African Americans to his land, and gave them the job of managing his livestock, and to take care of his soil. During his chieftainship, America bought Florida from Spain. When European settlers started to settle on their land, the Seminole Tribe was furious and refused to leave.
The Hopewell Native Americans were a group of Native Americans who lived in southern Ohio. The Hopewell people were not a tribe of Native Americans. Rather, the Hopewell people belonged to different tribes that followed similar cultures. Thus, the Hopewell were more of a cultural group of Native Americans. The Hopewell used this cultural similarity to distinguish themselves against other tribes of the time.