In addition to it , his last words were " But now it is the time to go away, I am to die and you to live. Which of us goes to a better thing is unclear to everyone except the God". This proves that Socrates believed in after life which is dependent on God. Although, Socrates believed that he was a messenger of God. The people blamed Socrates to have a neutral approach towards their Gods, so they decided to put the blame on him for all the misfortunes.
In conclusion, it is shown that the ethics of Socrates and Plato can be understood by examining the works of the Crito, Meno and Phaedo. Plato 's philosophical concept in these three dialogues is mostly about denying what the self wants, either normal things like food and earthly desires or trying to gain knowledge, and instead, choosing what is just and right. This is Plato’s concept of a good life. From this quest for knowledge, virtue is obtained, and this is the main goal of philosophy in Socrates ' mind. Laws must be made in accordance with wisdom by those who practice philosophy, and must seek to benefit the city as a whole.
Although in Meditations Marcus never specifically calls himself a Stoic, he lived based on Stoic beliefs and philosophies. This is most likely because Marcus wrote the book for himself, not knowing his diary would someday be published (Sellars). What does it truly mean to live as a Stoic? It has been said that the Roman worldview varied between Epicureanism and Stoicism (Aurelius 121). As a Stoic, Marcus had a determined sense of duty to those beneath him in the hierarchy; he was a man of service and would do everything that was essential to see his purpose fulfilled (Umbrello).
Perhaps the act of murder could be seen as a success to Brutus, since he did do so for the greater good and not for personal passion, leading to him thinking that what he did was right because it was not for himself and was what a Stoic would do. However, he did not understand that a true Stoic will not attempt to change anything since he will accept everything in nature’s course. Thus, by analyzing the pursuit of Stoicism of Brutus to determine the reasons for his downfall, we can decipher whether the failure of Brutus was his own fault. Brutus’ downfall was his own doing because his actions solely depended on how much they satisfied his desires. Brutus’ desires and failure to be a stoic is seen from Act 1 Scene
Even when facing death, Socrates choices to follow his sentence and not disobey the law. Prior to this action, Socrates does go against the popular opinion regarding the trial of the soldiers. Instead, of giving one trial to the group as the nation desired, Socrates went against it. Socrates remained loyal to the laws of Athen by stating there must be a trial for each person individually. Because of this loyalty to the laws, Socrates almost lost his life as he’s about to lose it in the present.
Seneca places the emperor in his own trial at Olympus, where the gods become a panel of adjudicators. In the satire, Augustus rises and questions the dead emperor, “Tell me, divine Claudius, why you condemned any one of the men and women whom you put to death before you understood their cases” (10). Claudius’ sentence is discussed for a long time before the gods decided a new punishment should to be prepared (14). Seneca aims to ridicule Claudius because Claudius would on occasion direct extreme orders and inappropriate punishments that often broke the law (Suetonius, 15.1 – 15.2). These inconsistent and questionable hearings and cases are also present in Suetonius’s Life of Claudius, where he presents the audience with a, “hasty,” “inconsiderate,” “silly” emperor who played judge.
The Gracchi were officials in the Roman administration known as tribunes. The two brothers introduced the populist government changes and numerous land reforms and are referred to as the fathers of populism and socialism. Julius Caesar – Julius Caesar lived between 100-44 BCE and was a ruler in the Roman Republic. He is considered one of the greatest army generals in the world’s history owing to his conquests across Europe. Caesar is also credited for the precedence of the formation of the Roman Empire and he was killed by his rivals at the senatorial room.
For many years great philosophers such as Socrates and Plato have defined and given great understanding into life and its moral ethics. Socrates was born in Athens in 469 BC. He was known to be one of the wisest men on earth. Socrates is credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy. Many individuals often as the question in their mind, “Who is the real Socrates?” Socrates never wrote philosophical text, his knowledge and philosophies were expresses based on the writings of his students such as Xenophon, Aristotle and Plato.
Besides, stoics are more “emotionless”. Specifically, once one stoics mentions that when he saw the death of a baby, he will not feel sad or depressed since he thinks people need to follow the natural tendency and the death of that baby is none of his business since he has no relationship with that baby. In this case, we could easily deduce that Stoics tries to persuade its followers to be more restrained. In other words, thanks to their “restrained temperament”, they appear more introverted. Therefore, they will definitely not be allowed and not readily to ask passengers such questions in
Socrates was an Athenian philosopher; he was known to be the founder of Western philosophy. He is known from the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon. We have come to know through Plato’s writing about the contributions of Socrates in the field of ethics. He became famous because of his work related to ethics. Socrates has also worked in the field of epistemology.