"I was not predicting the future, I was trying to prevent it" (Bradbury). The world illustrated in Fahrenheit 451 isn 't that far off from our own. Technology has become a very influential part of everyone 's lives, and has control over people’s actions and thoughts. Ray Bradbury uses the themes mass media, conformity vs. individuality, and censorship in his dystopian novel, Fahrenheit 451, to capture a futuristic world in which books are illegal and technology is consuming society. Mass media is a significant theme throughout the book, Fahrenheit 451.
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Within Oceania, the Party strives for sexual puritanism in order to eradicate true humanity and demonize sex. Actual sexual acts are portrayed as filthy deeds to the citizens of Oceania since young childhood. Organizations such as the Anti-Sex League work to exalt individuals who choose to remain chaste rather than to partake in sex. According to Gorman Beauchamp in his essay “Of Man’s Last Disobedience: Zamiatin’s We and Orwell’s 1984,” these societies are comparable to “medieval monks and nuns” who demonstrate “their superior love for and loyalty to their God” and are in turn treated with a greater degree of respect and are given a higher position in their society (11). The Anti-Sex League functions similarly, but instead of growing in faith or
Ideology as common sense is forcing people to operate with a system of traces that they have no inventory for. His theory is that perpetuating an ideology works best when the people you are trying to control do not know what they don’t know. The people know part of the story, but they do not know the whole story. This theory of ideology explains why the ideology of toxic masculinity was able to spread so far and so deeply into our culture. The media uses the now mythic symbols of masculinity to enforce their ideologies.
Satire on American Society in Fahrenheit 451 Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451 is a dystopian novel which focuses on the idea that books are outlawed and firemen start fires rather than extinguish them. Conformity is an important facet of society in Fahrenheit 451. The individual is looked down upon and feared, allowing for little to no individuality within the community. Censorship and the increase in the use of technology are also important aspects of Bradbury’s main idea. These two concepts create an anti-intellectual environment and society crafted by the government.
Award winning author Mohsin Hamid talks in depth on this topic in his novel “Exit West.” The novel follows two characters, Saeed and Nadia, as they escape together around the world, teasing each other and learning more about the ideas surrounding sex and its associated pleasure along the way. Through his word choice and character descriptions, Hamid portrays women in his novel as being more sexually inclined than men, taking control of the pleasure they want. It becomes apparent very early on in the novel that Saeed is a very chaste man who wants to refrain from having sexual intercourse with Nadia until marriage. This is witnessed through Saeed’s “a bit excessive a delay” (55, Hamid) in initiating sexual intercourse while in bed with Nadia, and his response of “‘I don’t think we should have sex until we’re married’” (55, Hamid) to Nadia’s comment on whether he brought a condom. However, both characters still explore ways to find pleasure, establishing the idea that direct sexual intercourse is not the only source in which to obtain pleasure.
These governments instill conformity through the use of force, consequently causing society to lose its individuality. Vonnegut and Bradbury’s warning against the dangers of conformity and equality from their stories is that these substantives lead to the loss of individuality, making the government too powerful. Conformity and total equality in both stories show one of the drawbacks to dystopian societies—citizens can’t live their lives freely and individually. Without individual thoughts and opinions, humans are not their unique selves. In Harrison Bergeron, George was daydreaming on the couch when, “He began to think glimmeringly about his abnormal son who was now in jail, about Harrison, but a twenty-one-gun salute in his
The ability of the heterosexual pillar of arthurian society to withstand the attack wrought upon it by homoeroticism by Le Fay’s plot can be seen by the different descriptions of Gawain’s kisses. When Lady Bertilak tries to kiss Gawain each day, she tries to get him to succumb to her seduction. So, while there are but a few lines to describe the kisses themselves, they are seen as having a somewhat sexual nature, driven by Lady Bertilak’s lust. However, when Gawain goes to fulfill his promise and return all that he has been given to Lord Bertilak in exchange for all that Lord Bertilak had hunted in any given day, the nature of his kisses is unimportant. Even when the kiss is stated as being “sauerly and sadly,” there is no sexual aspect to the kiss, but it rather exists as a part of the transaction between two males.
Boys Don’t Cry aims to mark the relationship of both control and aggression. This film was not only able to raise awareness about the issue of transphobia and violence against transsexual individuals in the late 90s, but it also set as a stage to challenge repressive constructions of gender and sexuality. Boys Don’t Cry is a movie about masculinity and manhood where Brandon was able to convince every one of his male identity through breast binding and pants stuffing in order to fully become what he sees as a real man. The opening scene of the film serves to both direct the viewer and to set a dark atmosphere to events that would occur later. We are first introduced to the film with Brandon looking back in a rearview mirror.
Foucault in the chapter, The Repressive Hypthesis, describes and deconstructs the predominant thought that industial/western society repressed sex from the 17th century and on. In attempting to repress sex, social and political structures (church, criminal justice system, school, etc) brought sex to the forefront of people’s language and minds. By “dissemination and implantation of polymorphous sexualities” Foucault is referring to the social and political institutions and their ability to essentially create and solidy new sexualities in the conscious of a society. In The Repressive Hypothesis, Foucault employs a number of rich examples to bolster his argument for the relationship between power and sex. One example he uses to illustrate “dissemination
Huxley chose this model to draw parallels between Brave New World and society itself. The novel is itself a manifestation of what Huxley believes is the future of humanity. Examples of pleasure-based conditioning are ubiquitous throughout the novel: people are encouraged to have constant promiscuous sex, they take hallucinogenic drugs to escape truth, and people are encouraged to think their role in society the most important one. From all of these examples, one common theme can be derived: instant gratification. Huxley utilizes this theme to tether the novel to modern society by making the point that as society’s level of advancement waxes, the human attention span wanes; so too does humanity’s sense for what is important.