The reasons why the juvenile justice system faces ethical dilemmas is important and needs to be addressed: (1) a vast proportion of juveniles are being tried and prosecuted as adults; (2) the psychological maturation of the juvenile to fully comprehend the justice system; and (3) the factors that contribute to minorities being adjudicated in the juvenile justice system are more likely than White offenders. These three ethical issues that are rising in the juvenile justice system will be further examined. Should adolescents be held to the same level of accountability for their actions as adults? LaBelle
Second, Feminist theories hold that in view of male centric sexism—that is, the esteeming of men and manliness over ladies and womanliness—ladies and young ladies have been efficiently rejected or minimized in criminology, both as experts and as subjects of study (Dodge, 2002). Therefore, a center rule of Feminist theories is to incorporate female points of view and encounters in all examination and practice. Feminist theories, however, don 't regard ladies or men as homogenous gatherings yet rather perceive that sexual orientation benefit shifts crosswise over various gatherings of ladies and men (Daly & Chesney-Lind, 1988). In this manner, a third basic standard of Feminist theories is to look at criminal culpable, exploitation, and criminal equity handling with regards to various crossing social elements, including—notwithstanding sex, race, and ethnicity—social class, age, and sexual introduction. Fourth, Feminist theories not just endeavor to clarify criminal culpable, exploitation, and criminal equity handling yet in addition consolidate hypothesis with training to grow more impartial and only answers for the wrongdoing
The Effectiveness of Restorative Justice Proponents of restorative justice contend that it is more likely than retributive justice to reduce the incidence of crime because of its central concern for the safety of victims. The studies have demonstrated that restorative justice can have a reductive effect in certain cases and can change the behaviour of offenders. On the whole, however, there is more evidence that restorative justice is effective in reducing either the frequency or severity of reoffending for juveniles than in the case of adult offenders. Conclusion and
Labour trafficking applies to men, women, boys and girls. While research on sex trafficking is criticized for being ideological, there is very little attempt to analyse labour trafficking through the development of a theoretical framework for understanding this phenomena. Labour trafficking. While victims of trafficking for labour may be forced into domestic servitude or industrial labour. One crucial component in labour trafficking is migration.
There have yet to be controlled trials for the treatment of PTSD among male veterans who have experienced sexual assault. Cognitive behavioral treatment for PTSD and substance use disorders is another example of a potentially effective intervention for veterans who have experienced sexual assault, as effective¬ness has been demonstrated with sexually assaulted civilian
There are different types of sex offenders which make recidivism complex to handle. Unfortunately, recidivism remains a difficult concept to measure, especially in the context of sex offenders. The surreptitious nature of sex crimes, the fact that few sexual offenses are reported to authorities, and variation in the ways researchers calculate recidivism rates all contribute to the problem. The containment model approach should be used which was developed by Kim English. It is one of the most effective models in managing sex offenders in the community.
Through the decades, crime and crime control have been analyzed in an attempt to find the causes of crime and decide how to combat them. The United States showed an increase in their prison population in the 1970s when the country turned towards a more punitive justice system. Referred to as just deserts theory of crime, the aim is to inflict as much pain on the offender through harsh prison sentences, in hopes to cause as much pain as the crime they committed. The worse the crime is, the worse the punishment the criminal will endure. The issue surrounding just deserts theory is the vast amount of offenders who return to prison after being released, also known as the recidivism rate.
When critically analysed, the system derives its justification from the consistency but not the uniformity in sentencing. Key among them is the circumstances leading the offender in the crime. The magistrate therefore looks at the factors that differentiate men and women before reaching at any sentence. However, it is important to exercise fairness and where the magistrate feels weighed down by the accused person’s (women) primary responsibilities to involve child welfare services before issuing a
Many ask should offenders have the right to live near schools, parks or daycares after serving their time for the offense. This is one of the most emotionally debated issues in criminal law today. How to manage the risk of sexual offenders being rehabilitated back into the community? “Beyond mandatory registration and community notification, over a dozen states have enacted residency restrictions that forbid sex offenders from living within a certain distance of schools, parks, day care centers, or even places where children normally congregate.” said Durling. Author Caleb Durling conducts a research to discuss his opinion how the law should modified.
Through my research I continuously asked myself; why are there more people of color incarcerated than whites? Is it because they commit more crimes? Or are parts of the criminal justice system flawed and discriminatory? Nonetheless, if the there is some kind of discrimination, does this explain poverty in African American and Hispanic communities? I found that, today, people of color are more likely to be incarcerated and sentenced disproportionally than their white counterparts.