There are different types of sex offenders which make recidivism complex to handle. Unfortunately, recidivism remains a difficult concept to measure, especially in the context of sex offenders. The surreptitious nature of sex crimes, the fact that few sexual offenses are reported to authorities, and variation in the ways researchers calculate recidivism rates all contribute to the problem.
justice model, the crime control model, and the balanced and restorative justice model. The Parens
There are many debates on how to punish offenders and how to stop them re-offending. Retribution Theorists believe in the old fashion way of punishment, an ‘eye for an eye’ and that the suffering of the victim should determine the level of punishment, for example if a victim is brutally murdered, the offender should pay the price and suffer from a range of punishments themselves. Therefore the punishments differ to the seriousness to the crime, from theft to murder, minor to serious punishments occur. Whereas a reductivist approach believes that we punish offenders to help them change for the better which would be to rehabilitate them for example. (Cavadino 2013) states that the rehabilitation programs might “facilitate change” rather than
RNR model has vast amount of empirical support to its success. It has delivered reductions in reoffending of around 10-30% (Casey, 2013). Nonetheless, the available evidence is insufficient to conclude that RNR based correctional treatment programs are effective (e.g., Marques et al., 2005; Porporino, 2010; Rice and Harris, 2003). The fact that anywhere between 12% (e.g., Hanson et al., 2002) and greater than 50% (e.g., Prentky et al., 1997) of treated child molesters go on to reoffend (and as many as 46% of treated general offenders – Wilson et al., 2005) suggests that there remains considerable scope to address in offender rehabilitation. On the other hand, GLM has limited evidence base and has yet to be properly evaluated. In addition, the focus on attainment on primary goods rather than criminogenic needs could be a risky approach to reducing criminal behaviour because primary goods can be achieved via criminal needs. Perhaps, it is of caution to adopt a model such as RNR, which has shown successes despite gap in its
In the developing world, incarceration goes beyond the idea of applying a just punishment upon the offender for committing a criminal action or following a destructive behavior that disturb the public interest and the stability of the community. Incarceration also holds the responsibility to prepare the offender to integrate with the community after he goes out. This rehabilitation should be done on healthy bases that assure the mental health of the offender.
The responsivity principle states that clinicians should tailor treatment delivery that will produce the most effective outcomes depending on unique needs of the client. It is important that the therapist considers each offender individually and adequately assesses their cultural, mental, and physical needs. There are several advantages (pros) and a couple disadvantages (cons) to the therapeutic approach of the RNR model. The pros of this model are that treatment intensity is matched with individual risk level, dynamic issues that are directly linked with crime, and that specific treatment is tailored to individual offenders. By matching treatment intensity to risk level, offenders receive treatment that will be most effective in meeting their therapy needs. Giving an offender the wrong intensity of treatment for their risk level, such as high intensity treatment to a low-risk individual, can have negative effects since a low-risk offender may already have protective factors in place. Another pro of the RNR model is that it has the advantage of targeting dynamic issues that are directly linked with a crime; This allows treatment to adhere to problems that may decrease future
In an ideal world there should be treatment facility that deals with sex offenders alone and their potential substance abuse. This way there is a chance for the offender to get the help they need and will be guaranteed a place for treatment and they will not be turned away. There should also be a way during treatment that allows them to find resources to “win back” others found in their family and the community.
According to Learningpath.org (n.d.), some of the methods used by Juvenile Probation Officers to help prevent youths from reoffending include
The most common myth the sex offender registry office receives daily is, “An offender was on the registry yesterday, why are they not on there now?”
Your paper was clear and interesting to read, you provided a number of points and topics to include. It is safe to say that through the observation I had involving the prediction of sex offender recidivism, the offenders that undergo treatment are faced with pros and cons meaning that treatment is necessary when an offender is actively participating. On the other hand, the cons involve an offender that receives treatment but isn 't willing to change the behavior and mindset to re-offend. Moreover, you provided an imperative reasoning for the scenario choice, you provided clear motive, history and background, and professional observation.
have had a positive drug test while they are in prison, they could be getting out of prison back into the community, or they just might not meet all the qualifications for the residential drug abuse program (Federal Bureau of Prisons, 2012).
In the movie Scarface we view go in depth about some life events of Cuban refugee Tony Montana when he enters the United States and receives his green card. We also see what leads him to his criminal activities of becoming a national drug lord. In this film there are a number of different theories that can be applied. I will be using Cornish and Clarkes Rational Choice Theory, along with Robert Agnew’s Strain theory in order to analyze Tony’s reasoning behind committing these crimes. I will be using examples from the film Scarface in order to draw and link these theories with the film.
In todays society, many civilians believe there is no, nor ever will be any hope to rehabilitate sex offenders. Little do they know criminologists, psychologists and researchers have found programs that prevent recidivism from occurring. Today, there is hope to rehabilitate sex offenders with help of five different national sex offender programs. These programs include; High Intensity National Sex Offenders Program, Moderate Intensity National Sex Offenders Program, National Sex Offender Maintenance Program, Tupiq Program for Inuit Men Offenders, and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. These programs are shown to have achieved great success, and will be further assessed throughout the essay.
The controversy surrounding cognitive behavioural approaches to sexual offending will form the basis of this essay.
Batley (2005) stated that restorative justice is about restoring, healing and re- integrating victims, offenders, as well as the society and also preventing further harm. In this assignment, I will be discussing approaches to restorative justice and illustrating their advantages and disadvantages to offending. I will also provide the applications of these five approaches of restorative justice which are retributive approach, utilitarian deterrence approach, rehabilitation approach, restitution approach and restorative approach in the given case study. I will then explain my preferred approach to justice through identifying a personal belief or value that underpins my choice.