According to Bandura 's social learning theory, people are not born with the ability to act violently, however, it is learned through the "process of behavior modeling and observation" through several outlets such as family interactions or mass media. There 's a strong correlation between an early childhood aggression and an adolescent aggression. Osibin could possibly have been exposed to violence as a child and have a strained relationship with her mother growing up. Alicia Osibin may have suffered from poor role models which "produces imitation and instigation of socially undesirable behaviors," such as violent acts. Furthermore, the psychodynamic theory proposed that "criminals are frustrated and aggravated" due to negative events in their childhood which affect the individual 's unconscious.
They often develop bad social behaviors due to their drug abuse. Moreover, their work performance and personal relationships deteriorate. 4) Parents’ drug abuse: often means messy, stress-filled homes, as well as child abuse and neglect. Such conditions harm the wellbeing and growth of children in the home and may found the stage for drug abuse in the next generation. Generally, people start taking drugs for different reasons: To feel good.
They have also noted that these adults who offend choose to replicate their sexual abuse experience as a child or adolescent with a victim of the same age as they were (Glasser, Kolvin, Campbell, Glasser, Leitch and Farrelly, 2001: 482). According to Hall (1996:58) sexually abused children are at risk of becoming sexually aggressive. As these children are sometimes rewarded for their engagement in sexual relations, these children may use these sexual behaviours as a means of manipulation when they themselves become sexual offenders. When sexual aggressive behaviour is experienced, the victim might identify with the offender rather than forming a victim identity (Hall, 1996: 58; Erikson, 1963: 14). Hall mentions that a developmental approach to the occurrence and cycle of sexual aggression explains how different cognitive distortions come to
It is also called as child molestation. Sexual abuse is any activity with a child, before the legal consent that is for the sexual gratification of an adult or significantly older child. Sexual abuse includes among other things, sexual touching or penetration, persuading a child to expose his/her sexual organs, and allowing a child to view pornography. The two prerequisites for this form of maltreatment include unprotected children and the willingness to act on them. The chances of sexual abuse are higher if the child is developmentally handicapped or vulnerable in some other ways.
Also, it prompts destructive ways of handling disputes, which ultimately leads to emotional pain. The instability adversely affects the adolescents as they mature. Teens in divorced families inculcate behavioral problems, which have significant effects on the incidence of crime rates. Children who witness marital discord are more likely to engage in criminal acts. A research has validated associations between exposure to marital discord and parental divorce while growing up and children’s psychological distress in adulthood (Amato & Sobolewski 2001).
As highlighted earlier,when sufficient time passes, such an encounter might become a reality, particularly where the parties belong to the same familial structure. Skelton points out that many sexual offences committed by child offenders are not of a violent nature: “Children sometimes have wrong perceptions about sex and act inappropriately, and in those situations restorative justice can work.” Inadequately trained facilitators/probation officers may cause victim offender mediation or a family-group conference to fail. Poor facilitation may thus lead to parties abusing each other. In addition, grossly disproportionate conditions may be set and even recommended to the court.  Davies et al116 highlights another valid concern, namely that role-players working with the child offender may find it difficult to accept their role in relation to the victim as
Still, through childhood experiences we are able to curve the inclinations with developmental inner regulators absorbed by the practice of socialization. children with poor social experiences are capable of developing disturbances within their personality which causes them to have antisocial impulses bother inward and outward. One of Freud's hypothesizes was broken identification by children with their parents was a mutual part contributing to criminal behaviors. Adolescents that direct their antisocial impulses outwards develop criminal tendencies, while the children who direct these urges inward become neurotic. Within Freud's theory of the Defense Mechanisms, he discovers the unconscious mind is the cause of individual behaviors (Freud, S 1930).
If something unfortunate were to ever happen to your child, would you change your protection level toward them due to the situation that has happened? Do you believe that the act of Pedophilia is a mental illness that can be treated for and ‘cured’? Do you believe they have the right to receive help after they have conducted or were about to conduct a crime towards a child? Or, do you believe they should be punished to the full extent of the law? After adults are released from prison and have the title of ‘Sex Predator’, should they be allowed to return to society where there are children around?
There is a significant amount of research demonstrating a link between sexuality stress and emotional stress among LGB commnity, and thus causing this group of individuals to have an increased risk for mental health problems, including depression, substance abuse and suicidal thoughts (Almeida et al. 2009). Sexual stress affects young gay and bi-sexual men significantly, in which they experience a greater amount of victimization and rejection compared to their female counterparts, lesbian and bisexual women (D’Augelli 2002). This finding makes it very apparent that sexual orientation can lead to cause an increased risk for depression and other psychological issues. Consequently therapists should take into account a client’s sexual orientation to
In support of M. Woodhead, a journal article provides statements and data validating the previous claims of mental consequences of child labor. In their journal article “Physical & Psychological Hazards Faced by Child Labour”, Sarita Bharti and Dr. Shalini Agarwal state that 40 percent of the children in their research showed deviant psychological development hindering their mental progress, resulting in introverted and uncommunicative personalities (p.32). This illustrates that social interaction is vital to children’s social skills. When children are robbed of the opportunity to interact with others their age, there’s a clear psychological abnormality. Children have
Some risk factors for drug use found with sex offenders include; family history of addiction, being a male, mental health disorders, anxiety, depression, and loneliness. Some risk factors for drug abuse found in sex offenders include; brain damage, HIV, AIDS, and other sexual transmitted diseases, lung disease and cancer. The use of a substance can have a great impact on the offender. The offender can develop many problems with substance abuse and that could greatly affect their self mentally and physically. Substance abuse can greatly affect the offender’s family.