My undergraduate studies, volunteer service, and employment have prepared me for study and future employment in criminal justice policy and administration. While studying criminology and criminal justice (CCJS) at the University of Maryland, College Park, I had the option of completing three additional CCJS courses that were not required for my major. I chose to take classes about drugs, race, and human trafficking because I believed they were critical criminal justice issues. In my course on race, one of my assignments was to respond to “The Space Traders,” a science fiction short story by the late New York University Law Professor Derrick Bell. This paper introduced me to Critical Race Theory and sparked my interest in the racialization
Persuasive Speech Outline Topic: Sex offender regestries-pro Purpose: To convince my audience that sex offender should still in fact have to register themselves in the U.S. I want them to vote pro registry on any future sex offender bills that may come up. Thesis Statement: Sex offenders have made their choice to become criminals knowing the consequences, so why would we go soft on people who have made bad life decisions and in turn possibly endanger innocent people. Introduction Megan Kanka was a seven year old who was abducted, raped, and murdered by her neighbor in 1994. I’m guessing most of us live in some sort of neighborhood, imagine if you found out someone living right next to you ended up doing what Megan’s murderer did, because as stated
In this article Guercio (2015) discusses that the use of risk assessment tools provides a way to differentiate offenders based on offenders' risk to re-offend and can suggests sentencing and rehabilitation services to reduce recidivism. In the past risk assessments were primarily used on parole decisions, over the years it as become a tool that assist in the decision making process of pre-trial release risk, probations supervision intensity and content, early release decisions, and sentencing design. I am using this article to help support my paper on the benefits derived from risk assessments. These assessments allow correctional workers the ability to implement
By examining the profanity, racial content, and references to rape, it’s deemed inappropriate for teens to read and is banned from several school libraries and lessons in school. Does the moral lesson of the story outweigh the so called inappropriate content of the book? Many people would agree with me if I said that To Kill a Mockingbird has a lesson in the story that every child should read and learn
On March 20, 2012, during the oral argument in Miller v. Alabama, Associate Justice Samuel Alito pressed the petitioner's counsel Bryan Stevenson to explain his contention that state legislators did not understand the sentencing consequences of the juvenile transfer laws that they had passed during the 1990s.1These laws facilitated the transfer of children's cases from juvenile court into an adult criminal justice system that required mandatory sentences, such as life without the possibility of parole, for many offenses.2The Supreme Court had consolidated the cases of Kuntrell Jackson, an African American teenager, who had been convicted of capital murder in Arkansas, and Evan Miller, a white teenager who had been convicted of murder in an arson case in Alabama. Kuntrell and Evan had both been 14 years old at the time of their crimes, and in both cases, the minimum and maximum sentences were exactly the same: life without the possibility of parole (LWOP). The prosecutor in Miller's case had argued that the teenager deserved to die for his crime but that the Supreme Court had abolished the juvenile death penalty in 2005. Five years later, the high court banned LWOP sentences for juveniles convicted of nonhomicidal offenses. Now Stevenson, the Executive Director of the Equal Justice Initiative, urged the justices to use the Eighth Amendment's ban on cruel and unusual punishments to eliminate all mandatory
There are many children in the world who are being put behind bars and detained for alleged wrongdoing without protections they are entitled to. Throughout the world, children are charged and sentenced for actions that should not be considered as adult crimes. Here in the United States, the minimum age of criminal responsibility is age 12. Law enforcement officials and those in the juvenile justice system nationwide tend to mistreat underage individuals by trying cases while working through the lens of an adult. Unfair punishments are still handed down domestically, which is in violation of Supreme Court law.
Tim Kaine, the governor of Virginia at the time, modified the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, which states that a background check is required by law before selling a firearm to insure that the buyer has not served a year in jail or spent time in a mental institute. The law now says that if you are even receiving mental health counseling you are not qualified to purchase a firearm in the state of Virginia (Worth 31). Many argue that narrowing the law leaves them defenseless in an actual emergency. People also claim that if more people had guns during the shooting at Virginia Tech then Cho could have been stopped. Many also agree that if a potential killer wanted guns, then they could easily find a way to obtain them (Worth
One law that was created after this required federal prisons to separate minors awaiting trial from adults to avoid them suffering from abuse. Although many argue this experiment was unethical, Zimbardo actually changed how we perceive laws and superiority in the prison setting. An abundance of laws were introduced into federal legislation that helped advocate for people awaiting trial and even those convicted of a
In an article from the Orlando Sentinel, the author writes, “The Herald uncovered hundreds of accusations over the past decade of physical and sexual abuse of teens by staff, who had not been routinely subjected to thorough background checks before being hired,” (“Florida’s Juvenile Justice System Cries out for Reform”). Such abuses occur due to an environment of carelessness. Additionally, they demonstrate the poor condition in which the detention facilities are managed and how harmful exploitation of children is fostered under the lax, neglectful administration. The Supreme Court case Graham v Florida where Graham, the defendant, is faced with the possibility of life in prison without parole for a non-homicide crime, is another instance of poor regulation of juvenile justice. Chief Justice Roberts states, “I agree with the Court that Terrance Graham’s sentence of life without parole violates the Eighth Amendment’s prohibition on ‘cruel and unusual punishments,’” (Graham v Florida).
A very important aspect of the criminal justice system is to ensure there is a way to rehabilitate offenders, not only incarcerate them. Rehabilitation in the criminal justice system means that there is an attempt by the system to restore a criminal back to a productive and useful member of society free of the life of crime. By rehabilitating an offender, the system is trying to alter their behavior and attitude in a positive way and to make them once again, law abiding citizens (Seiter, 2014). Rehabilitation can come in many forms, such as drug treatment, education, mental health treatment, develop better decision making skills, therapeutic counseling and even job training. An offender does need to be punished for breaking the law, but they need to accept responsibility for their crimes and eventually change their