The responsivity principle states that clinicians should tailor treatment delivery that will produce the most effective outcomes depending on unique needs of the client. It is important that the therapist considers each offender individually and adequately assesses their cultural, mental, and physical needs. There are several advantages (pros) and a couple disadvantages (cons) to the therapeutic approach of the RNR model. The pros of this model are that treatment intensity is matched with individual risk level, dynamic issues that are directly linked with crime, and that specific treatment is tailored to individual offenders. By matching treatment intensity to risk level, offenders receive treatment that will be most effective in meeting their therapy needs.
Law enforcement officers scan and collect information to analysis crime in their communities then they create a plan to rectify problems and then re-assess so they will know if they had success. It is important to note for success the police need to work closely with community leaders to ensure, “proper levels of police discretion and that the police are focusing on problems the community want resolved”
It involves the community in the decision making process. The circle involves everyone from the victim and offender to the victim and offender’s family and helps with healing process and the power to understand conflict or action. “Reinforcing healing gives empowerment to the community and to be involved in deciding what is to be done in the case and to address the problems that may have led to the crime.” (Smith, 2003) Listening to others and sharing your part is what the circle is designed to show. Individuals share what their concerned about when they talk about the crime and they have to include the reason for why he or she perpetrated the crime. The Circle process “provides an opportunity to explain the impact the crime has emotionally and physically” (Smith, 2003).
They are the professionals who link the criminal justice system and social services systems. They work in order to determine the needs of offenders and develop a plan to be followed while incarcerated and throughout their probation, parole or release. Parole officers work alongside correctional treatment specialists to ensure that the plans are being followed. In this career, good communication skills are required. With doing the evaluation of behavior, one must conduct interviews with the intimate themselves and even consult with correctional officers, supervisory personnel, and psychologists.
The use of ethical guidelines is to produce quality services and training provided by counsellors to protect clients. These guidelines provide the standards for professionals and prove to be an effective way support numerous counsellors lacking experience or that may be new to the field. It is a way of structuring the counselling industry by providing everyday professional explanations, definitions and service limitations for each type of counsellor (AIPC, 2010).There are a broad range of issues in counselling which are also displayed in the guidelines. Due to possible client concerns, the AIPC formulated the guidelines surrounding common grey areas, such as confidentiality. Confidentiality is under General Principle A: Respect for the rights and dignity of people and peoples within the guidelines (Australian Psychological Society, 2013).
While I think people should be held accountable for their actions, it is important to think about why they are taking such actions to begin with. Essentially, I am interested in obtaining a Master’s in Forensic Psychology, because I think it is necessary in all aspects of life to understand and examine our actions. I believe society has reached a point in which we must take a hard look at our criminal justice system, including law enforcement training and response. I am particularly interested in first responder psychology, and how the first responder approaches situations with victims and offenders. The Master’s in Forensic Psychology degree would give me the education and tools necessary to assist in criminal justice
Challenges for Offender Reentry back into Society In society individuals obey authority and follow laws, ultimately that were created to protect society. The community model of corrections main goal is to reintegrate the offenders in to the community. The needs of each individual offender may present some challenges. Reentry programs can contribute to offenders transition from prison to the community. A community model of corrections provides offenders with the necessary support to reintegrate successfully in to the community.
Teachers and staff need to be trained to know exactly what to do when it comes to dealing with reports of sexual assault. They need to make students feel like they can come to teachers and staff with this great problem. They need to see school as a safe place where they can be protected and not harmed. Teachers need to make sure these students are safe at all times and need to have a plan on exactly how do deal with these situations They need to know that if they do tell someone that something will be done to help. Different states have different protocols regarding how school deal with sexual assault.
There are hotlines to contact such as, The National Human Trafficking Resource Center and Hope for Justice if you believe someone is being used for sex trafficking. Educating ourselves is another step to ending sex trafficking. Being able to recognize the signs of someone being held in sex slavery is very important in being able to get them help. Some of these signs are fear, limited freedom of movement, and anxiety. These victims are given promises of money, education, and a better life.
One reason why I like this class is due to the diversity professions in which students are oriented. In the area of social work, the informed consent must be written in a clear form to ensure that clients understand the purposes, costs, and reasonable alternatives of the services provided. Client should also be aware that they can refuse or withdraw from services at any given moment. During consultations, social workers should provide adequate time to clarify doubts and answer questions that clients might have. When clients are not literate, have an intellectual incapacity, or are not proficient in the English language, social workers must verbally explain the informed consent or find a qualified interpreter or translator when needed.
I want to educate communities about the realities of substance abuse and treatment. Using my interviewing skills, I would like to identify common themes and goals within specific drug cultures and communities. I plan to use the scientific method, to create and implement community programs based on the acquired qualitative data. Board behavioral studies will be used to provide evidence for sensible policies. If we look at reproductive health as an example, the “just say no” approach did
The benefits of creating typologies for sexual offenders, is to show how each category of offenders differ and how they are alike since it is such a diverse group. Typologies also show their motivation, how they specialize and will they be a recidivist. This helps the law enforcement to know what to look for as well as the doctor if they are put into treatment it tells the doctor how to treat
It is clear from the literature that the community needs to start viewing people with intellectual disabilities as sexual beings, with the same rights as everyone else, not some asexual object which requires sterilisation (Bass, 1963; Hillier, Johnson, & Harrision, 2002; Pfeiffer, 1994; Aunos & Feldman, 2002). As professionals trying to support people with intellectual disabilities, it has been suggested by literature that you need to maintain an open mind, and foster a positive attitude to assist this group efficiently and effectively (Aunos & Feldman, 2002; Mayes, Llewelyn, & McConnell, 2007; Mitchell & Butler, 1978). The pre- and post-natal care of a child, as well as supporting persons with varying intellectual or physical disabilities, by all accounts looks like an incredibly hard task, yet as a Disability Case Manager it is your job to create goals, manage resources and implement plans, to ensure the needs and best interests of your clients are, to the best of your ability, met (Meppelder, Hodes, Kef, & Schuengel,
10). Sensitivity. The main goal of the classification process is to ensure that all elements are met. In addition, the classification and assessment process is sensitive to the differences of the offenders. In doing such, it will create an individualizing case planning (Latessa & Smith,
In addition to legislation on human trafficking, criminal justice systems must turn their attention to educating law enforcement officers about the nature and extent of trafficking, while also equipping them with the tools essential to handling these cases. Adequate training is necessary for law enforcement to understand the intricacies of trafficking cases and how to investigate them properly. Farrell, Owens, and McDevitt (2014) stress the need for such specialized training in order for law enforcement officers to embrace new legislation on trafficking, and to understand how to respond to these sensitive cases. Other criminal justice professionals, such as prosecutors, judges, and court personnel, can also benefit from specialized human trafficking