Though Japan is the third most developed economy in the world, the World Economic Forum ranked the country 105th out of 136 countries in its recent global gender-gap report, putting it behind countries such as Cameroon and Tajikistan. Women participation in the labor force is at around 62% compared to the 80% participation rate among men. There is also only a 63% employment rate among women compared to the 65% rate among men. However, these numbers do not take into account that a large portion of these women work part time jobs. Moreover, of those women participating in the work force, most work in occupations that do not offer much financial security; women make up 77% or Japan’s part-time and temporary workforce, and only 11% of senior positions and 1% of executive committee memberships in Japanese companies are held by women.
Moreover, the EEOC 's fourth-fifths rule indicates that "if the selection rate, which is the percentage of applicants who pass the test and are hired for one race, sex, or other protected class group is less than 80% of the selection rate for the protected class group that was more successful at passing the test, this is evidence of discrimination effects." (p.184) In this case it was demonstrated that 46% of new hires employees were women three years before the test and subsequently that the WST was introduced the percentage dropped to 15%, and by 2002 the rate continued to drop to 8%. The overall percentage of men who passed the test it was 97%, however the women who passed the test were
As of 2015 women are only making between $0.76 and $0.80 for every dollar men are making. The pay gap does vary by each job, CNBC says “Of course, the pay gap varies greatly by industry. The disparity was largest — nearly 30 percent — between men and women in finance and insurance, without controlling for job title, education and years of experience, among other factors,” click here for link. As you can see women are clearly paid less than men of the same career and 83% of women believe that along with 68% of men who feel they are being paid more as well. In addition to this women have come forward and explained how they are paid less than men who are their co-hosts, co-workers,
In this article, Joel Stein claims that millennials are more dependent of technology than past generations. He says, “From 1966, when Torrance Test of Creative Thinking were first administered… Creativity scores in children increased. Then dropped, falling sharply in 1988” (Stein 2). This shows how the brain activity of millennials has been decreasing through years. It supports his claim because the increase use of technology by millennials has been increasing; therefore, it justifies how their creativity has decreased due to that they are so dependent on technology.
Women's daily stress peaked between ages 35-44. During this period women had shown more stress at work and at home than at other periods of adulthood. The frequency of stress on a daily basis decreased throughout the rest of middle adulthood for both men and women. A decline in interpersonal tensions was responsible for the decrease. Negative events that happen to friends or relatives was the only category of daily stress that was more frequent during middle and later adulthood (McGinley, 1997).
In the 70’s, the “Modern Woman” was put forward even more prominently than during the war, although women had more problems in the workplace with indignities such as sexual harassment. It’s interesting to see how women’s position didn’t change that much in over 30
The U.S. Department of Education recently reported that even though more female high school graduates took advanced STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) courses than male counterparts, their interests in STEM were significantly lower regardless of race/ethnicity according to a 2009 survey (U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics [NCES], 2015). Further, there are significantly less women who completed STEM degrees compared to men (Lee, Alston, & Kahn, 2015). In addition to the gender discrepancy, racial discrepancy also exists in STEM. Both discrepancies have been examined by researchers for the last decades; however, relatively less studies have examined the racial discrepancy in STEM. In contrast, many studies have examined how to promote gender parity in STEM fields.
In the article The gender pay gap, woman still earn lot less than men, despite decades of equalpay law they say that in rich and middle-income countries, the median wage of a woman working full time is 85 % that of a man. The reason? There are the stereotypes which are the answear again . A woman should not be police officers , a woman should be nurse, which has both lower status and pay. Why?
The population of South Korea showed robust growth since the republic's establishment in 1948, and then dramatically slowed down with the effects of its economic growth. In the first official census, taken in 1949, the total population of South Korea was calculated at 20,188,641 people. The 1985 census total was 40,466,577. Population growth was slow, averaging about 1.1% annually during the period from 1949 to 1955, when the population registered at 21.5 million. Growth accelerated between 1955 and 1966 to 29.2 million or an annual average of 2.8%, but declined significantly during the period 1966 to 1985 to an annual average of 1.7%.
Pew Research (2008) and Patten and Parker (2012) asserted that F500 leaders should explicate the benefits and consequences of gender barriers to practitioners to pave the way for its resolution. The authors reported that as of 2013, less than four percent of CEOs in the U.S. F500s were women. Although, 2014 saw an increase of this percentage to 5.2%, the rate of growth was below research projections. The report attributed the slow growth of women's advancement to a partial implementation of gender-gap corrective measures by management stakeholders, thereby jeopardizing the targeted ratios (Catalyst, 2013; Fortune 500, 2013; Leahey, Fairchild, & Zarya, 2013). Moreover, non-compliance with the remedial gender practices initiated by regulators and practitioners accounted for the continued diversity gaps.
“Comparison, black women only narrowed that gap by 9 cents, from earning 56 cents for every dollar earned by a white man in 1980 to 65 cents today.” "Racial, Gender Wage Gaps Persist in U.S. despite Some" N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2016 This quote shows that even though women are still being paid less as a whole it is the women with different ethnicities that have it the worst. Another quote similar to the one above also points out facts and statistics to prove that women of color are treated even worse than white women, “By 2013,
This could mean that Big 5 did not buy much of their inventory on credit. As for the Overall Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio, it increased gradually and saw a 32.68% total change over the 10 year period. It started off with an average of 1.42x in 2005 and finished off 2014 with an average of 1.68x. As for its Days Payable Outstanding Ratio it saw a decrease of -30.39%. It had an average of 66 DPO (Days Payable Outstanding) in 2005 and an average of 55 DSO in 2014.
Supporters are also quick to point out the increase in minority and women legislators increased as had been predicted. The number of “full time” legislators had dropped from 44 down to 4 as a result of these term limits according to supporters of term limits. Some analysts have argued that as a result of the proposals there was a substantial reduction in campaign expenditure in the three general elections in California after 1990 as had been claimed by supporters before the passage of these
A large part of the 20th century labor history is remembered as the unionized years, and since 1983 when union memberships were at approximately 20% of the workforce, as of 2013, they are only at about 11%. Numerous factors have contributed to the decline of union memberships; however, the decline has been in motion for approximately 60 years, and the main circumstance surrounding the drop is the decrease of blue-collar jobs, increasingly being replaced by service-sector and white-collar service jobs. Economic factors such as international competition and increased globalization have also extended the pressures to cut costs, boost productivity, and improve efficiency, often at the expense of sending jobs overseas. Another direct influence of
In the fifty years since Medicare has been passed, the rate of poverty in geriatrics has steadily decreased as the rate of poverty in those from 18-64 steadily increases. The data, as reported by the Bureau of Census in 2012, is in agreement with the trend stated above. According to the study, roughly 9.1% of geriatrics live in poverty, whereas 21.8% of 18-64 year olds live in poverty (2012 census figure 5). In the past five decades, the rate of poverty in those 65+ has decreased a massive 26.1%. The favorable consequences of Medicare are undeniable and amidst the concern for the elderly, there was a growing awareness regarding civil rights issues of the