Sextus's Argument On The Principles Of Skepticism

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According to skepticism, we can never reach a final decision regarding any issue because there will always be two opposing ideas that are equally compelling, in such a way that you cannot take anyone of them as a final answer. Sextus Empiricus, who is an ancient philosopher, explained in his book the principles of skepticism and the methods applied by a skeptic that will empower him to reach his ultimate goal which is mental tranquility. In this paper, I will discuss Sextus’s argument on how skepticism can bring peace to our life by shedding light on the steps that a skeptic uses while searching for knowledge. Moreover, I will be arguing against Sextus’s argument about assertions through presenting an argument from the Republic, in which it shows that assertions can lead us to mental tranquility. According to Sextus Empiricus, seeking knowledge can be achieved in different ways according to the type of philosopher you are. For example, dogmatists are those who claim that they found the truth such as Zeno and Plato. However, academics are those who believe that the truth is unattainable that’s why they think that there is no point in having questions about the truth, and the third type, which is of our interest, is skepticism. Skeptics believe that the difference between how things appear to us and how they really are cannot be justified, but they strive to reach one thing which is mental tranquility through having an endless search that will enable them to suspend

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