Sexual Conflict In Human Relationships

1011 Words5 Pages
"The evolution of intimate partner violence" (2011) by David M. Buss, and Joshua D. Duntley explores the concept that sexual conflict in human relationships is an evolutionary trait and that there are many tactics involved, some of which include monetary reward, pleasure, and deception, which are intended to change behaviour for the partner who is trying to mate's benefit. Some of which, end up being of the violent nature. They explore these tactics and adaptive problems, along with how psychology and evolution are connected in these ways, and how animal instincts may play a role. This is important to grasp in order to understand the context, costs, and underlying aggressors associated with intimate partner violence, and how it effects the…show more content…
They discuss tactics that benefit an individual, and that violence is a cost-inflicting tactic within an intimate relationship. It is explained that these tactics are used in order to gain long term mating according to evolutionary biologists, and that harmony is an important aspect with both humans and their animal counterparts for mating relationships. Regardless of this, violence within the intimate relationship can occur, mainly out of dysfunction. It is mentioned that sexual conflict, which can cause dysfunction is both predictable and expected. With that, sexual conflict can arise while looking for a mate, initiating a sexual relationship, once the mate-ship has formed, or even so after the mate-ship has ended. With dysfunction, comes co-evolved defences, such as male sexual proprietariness, which is in response to cues that the male receives from his female mate indicating a possible rival or sexual infidelity. This can lead to violence when the man is attempting to gain or regain control in either sexual, or non sexual situations, although it is dependant on the context. Buss and Duntley (2011) mention that even though some tactics to gain control due to adaptive problems involve violence, most of these problems can be solved with many other means of…show more content…
It is explained that adaptive problems include mate poachers, sexual infidelity, pregnancy with another man's child (which can be related to sexual infidelity), resource infidelity, resource scarcity, mate-value discrepancies, stepchildren, terminating the mating, as well as mate reacquisition and preventing a former partner from re-mating (mainly stalking, and a result of terminating the mating). As far as violence in relation to adaptive problems, when it comes to mate poachers, violence is directed at the poachers, as apposed to the mate. This is a similar situation when it comes to stepchildren as well. Violence is not necessarily directed at the mate. However, with sexual infidelity, pregnancy with another man's child, resource scarcity, mate-value discrepancies, terminating the mating, along with mate reacquisition and preventing a former partner from re-mating, violence is usually directed at the mate with intentions to solve the problem, deterring re-mating, gain or regain control, or to deter any temptation. Violence can be used in order to avoid an intersexual rival or as a coping strategy for losing their mate. It is also stated that resource infidelity is only a partial predictor of violence, and may not lead to cost-inflicting tactics. Buss and Duntley (2011)
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