SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN THE WORKPLACE The meaning of harassment is - “conduct as unwanted or unwelcome, and which has the purpose or effect of being intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive.” (Quick & McFadyen, 2017, pg. 286) Harassment can show itself in many different instances. It can be a verbal or physical offensive action against race, sex, age nationality or disability. When applying the utilitarian view, harassment would not be acceptable. Harassment in the workplace not only causes a person to be uncomfortable, but it also creates distrust within a working group.
For example, unwelcome fleshly comments, jokes and allusions. • Harassment: Harassment covers a wide range of behaviors of an offensive nature. It is commonly understood as behavior that disturbs or upsets, and it is characteristically repetitive. United Nation defines it in its policy document as “Any improper and unwelcome conduct that might reasonably be expected or be perceived to cause offense or humiliation to another. Harassment includes - but is not limited to - words, gestures or actions which tend to annoy, alarm, abuse, demean, intimidate, belittle or cause personal humiliation or embarrassment to another; or that cause an intimidating, hostile or offensive work environment.
Sexual harassment is “unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature” (Harrison). Sexual harassment is usually more of a talking in a sexual manner without the other feeling comfortable situation. Talking about a person sexually without them saying it was okay is a form of sexual harassment. There are things way worse than sexual harassment. Sexual assault is “dichotomized as aggregated categories of: contact… second outcome was dichotomized as intercourse… and third, outcome was dichotomized into categories of physical harm” (Sorenson).
Sexual harassment is an unlawful and unwelcome action to harass and bully a person in exchange for sexual favors. This include when a person requests for sexual favors, unwelcome sexual advances, or any other physical or verbal harassment conduct of a sexual nature. Sexual harassment is unwelcome behaviors in which the victim may be in consent accepting the harassment or under any coercion. The victim may accept it in the condition where his/her request may be fulfilled. The victim in harassment can be either a man or a woman, or else it may be the same sex too.
Misogyny can be manifested in numerous ways, including sexual discrimination, belittling of women, violence against women, and sexual objectification of women. Compared with anti-woman sexism (hatred or fear of, or strong prejudice against men), misogyny is usually regarded as directed against women by some men, though women can also hold misogynistic
This helps frame the problem and shows that being female and of lower social status are both risk factors. When discussing sexual harassment specifically in the workplace, we find that it is mostly present in two forms. The first of which is termed “quid pro quo”, meaning implicit or explicit sexual advances for a tangible return such as promotion or salary increment. Whereas the second form is hostile sexual harassment and refers to sexual advances,
The APA ethics guidelines set a standard for psychologist to follow in regards to sexual harassment. Standard 3.02 for sexual harassment states that sexual harassment is the sexual solicitation, physical advances, or verbal or nonverbal conduct that is sexual in nature, these activities in connection with the psychologist work are either unwelcomed or so severe that to a reasonable person they consider it abuse (Fisher, 2013). Sexual harassment can happen in single cases or in the most common manor happen over a series of encounters (Fisher, 2013). However, the harassment should be stopped immediately. The first step to stopping this type of harassment is to seek an informal resolution if it is safe to do so.
This may feel shame about their bodies and become less comfortable with their sexualities. Some researchers have pointed out that body image is connected to self-esteem (e.g., Polce-Lynch, Myers, Kliewer, & Kilmartin, 2001; Webster & Tiggemann, 2003). If public harassment affects women’s body image, it may also affect their self-esteem. Women carefully monitor and try to avoid new instructors who harass them. But when harassment occurs in more established students, teacher relationships, women often lose
For example, failure in managing workforce diversity can bring dissatisfaction among the employees. Consequently, it will result high turnover and absenteeism in company which will ultimately result lower profits. High turnover will also result loss of expenditures financed on the hiring as well as training and development of employees. In addition to this, failure in managing workforce diversity may result poorer productivity of individual employees which will ultimately result lower productivity of the firm (Daft, 1997). Elmuti (2001) argued that firm may have bad image in the market and will not be able to attract competent, skilled and trained personals against the particular positions.
Harassment is any kind of unwanted action, that was done repeatedly to a worker or a group of workers and affecting their working performance. The incident would cause the victim to feel uncomfortable, as if he/she is working in a hostile environment. 4.3.1. Harassment might occur if : 126.96.36.199. Such action would create the work environment to be intimidating, hostile or offensive.