Reflective Journal Set B Name: Hon Kwan Yuen, Kelvin UID: 3035190969 1. Why do you think people make a big deal out of gender nonconformity? How do you think you would feel if you happen to also experience a nonconcordance between your mind and body? Gender nonconformity means that a person’s gender expression does not fit the social expectation or the gender norm regarding their assigned or biological sex. People react vigorously to gender nonconformity may be due to their perception of binary sex and gender and their negative feelings to people who do not fit in the gender norms.
Social norms are the unwritten rules of society, e.g. what is expected of us such as: holding doors open, wearing gender specific clothes. This means if you were expressing individuality you would be classed as abnormal. There are no universal set of rules because it changes with time, culture and religions , this means you would be classed as abnormal in some places and times. If you are gay or wear the opposites genders clothes then you would also be classed as abnormal, the problem about this would be, again different for other cultures because things are not the same across cultures, what is normal in one culture could differ in another as written by McLeod(2008).
As society has grown and has shaped from the beginning of time, the difference between gender, sex, and identity has not become such a well-known issue until recently. Most people do not realize the difference between gender and sex; Sex is biological while gender is based on the social role of the person. The biggest part that society has to realize is that everyone's gender identity, a person's perception of having a particular gender, which may or may not correspond with their birth sex, is personal and varies from person to person. The idea of girls being girls and boys being boys and never “switching” is an older way of thinking that does not work in the modern society we have today. Gender roles, the role or behavior learned by a person as appropriate to their gender, determined by the prevailing cultural norms, are starting to change; Women used to have to stay home and care for the home and children but women today are more powerful than ever and hold very important jobs while men have taken on more household responsibilities.
To understand the linkage between sexuality and gender, it is important to reimagine the relationship between sexuality and gender and the rapport they hold with self-identification. Not long ago, sexuality was tied to procreation - becoming the core of one’s identity. Gender had always been tied to biological sex. However, a crisis of gender identity emerged and blurred the gender and sexuality binaries that had become commonplace social facts. A fluidity was created that allowed individuals to not feel the pressure of fitting inside distinct identification categories.
Sex and gender are two different concepts; sex being based on a set of biological characteristics and gender being the values and meanings people put on different sexes. Anne Oakley (1972) was one of the first social scientists to distinguish between gender and sex created by humans through the environment as well as interactions with each other but relies heavily on the differences in sex. It is stated that gender is a social construct, which can be demonstrated by the way in which both individuals and groups of people (societies) allocate traits, roles, hierarchies and values to people based on their sex, but these allocations differ according to culture and society and also differ over time within the same culture. In Western societies women are seen to be more nurturing and are thus more commonly expected to stay home and take care of the household, whereas men are seen as leaders and providers and are thus more commonly expected to be head of the household and provide financially for the family. The feminist perspective points out that these social constructs that determine gender also determine the levels of power between men and women, often benefitting the
Sex is determined biologically but gender identification is personal choice. This is a fairly new concept so my concern is if the state imposed on this freedom? And lastly because one sex is preferred over the other there are repercussions in groups like or similar to the LGBT community. Most importantly it has resulted in social issue such as hypersexultion of children and sexulization of female portrayal in the media. Society needs to recognize that it is psychological violence to tell a woman she is less than a man, we should be empowering woman for the common good not
While still around today, and continuously perpetrated in media, such as The L Word, they aren’t a key to survival and safety. Before Stonewall dives into this presence of gender roles within same-gender relationships, particularly for lesbians in terms of safety. In order to stay out of harm's way, or at least try to, a lesbian coupled required a butch and a femme, aka a ‘man’ and a ‘woman’. This allowed for public appearances within the extremely heteronormative culture. While this seems more like a dress up game of ‘who gets to be the butch tonight?’ it’s much more than that.
What is gender? Gender is the intersection of the relationships between sex, gender identity, sexuality and gender expression; gender is an achieved status Gender is not just sex, gender identity, gender expression and sexuality. These aspects are a basis for gender, but they do not determine gender. Sex is the measurable organs (anatomies), hormones and chromosomes that determines us as male, female or intersex. It is what we are born with, a product of biological processes (DNA, evolution, mutation, replication, reproduction, and selection).
Owing to the fact that gender is a social construction, ideas of gender change across time and differ within cultures, for example: the ideas of being a man in all cultures and not the same. In many cultures in Thailand, it is okay and acceptable to be a feminist; feminism is not looked down upon, however, in other cultures feminism amongst males is looked down and frowned upon and seen as a sign of weakness because of gender constructed
Oakley (1985, P16.) suggests that sex is “the biological differences between male and female” whilst gender refers to “the social classification into ‘masculine’ and ‘feminine’”. This definition of gender assists the concept that gender is a ‘continuous performance’ and the discourse surrounding gender identity is continued. Gender is considered a performance because it only exists through the actions you take and the image you create. The gender performances come from stereotypes which make up the ‘male and female’ genders and make them ‘masculine and feminine’.