They will refuse to admit that anything is wrong. At times it may be because they are embarrassed or they actually think they caused the abuse and if they keep changing it will get better. There are four stages in the battered women’s syndrome: denial, guilt, responsibility, and enlightenment. Denial When a victim of abuse is unable to admit and acknowledge that they are being subjected to domestic violence, the denial of the abuse occurs. In many instances, a battered woman does not realize that they are being subjected to domestic violence.
She uses data from a field study on a battered women’s shelter in Los Angeles to back up her claims on structural intersectionality, explaining how women of color often face many structural barriers that keep them stuck in abusive relationships. The field study examines how most women at the shelter were struggling with language and financial barriers and facing racism, Crenshaw uses this information to propose that the struggles women of color face are often left unconsidered in the subject of feminism. In the fourth page of her essay, Crenshaw says, "WOC are differently situated in the economic, social and political worlds" (1250) . In making this claim, Crenshaw makes a warrant that all women of color are facing these same struggles, which is most likely true, but she only refers to the field study to support her claim, which is a generalization strategy. Making a claim about all WOC (women of color) based on the data from a single field suggests to the reader that every woman of color can be compared to the women at this one shelter in Los Angeles and all women can be properly represented by one region.
The standard form of response given by the system causes inefficiency in dealing with several acts which are all labelled with the name “crime” (Hillyard & Tombs, 2007). Besides, many events causing serious harms to the individuals and society have been ignored or not been handled properly. Rape is a type of violent and safety crime as it is related to the personal safety of the janitors in an occupational environment, but the supports given in the existing data and laws are minimal under the term of crime (Hillyard & Tombs, 2007). Sexual assault, the issue mentioned in the night rape video, is one of the issues that is described to be “marginal” in crime laws, policies, enforcement of laws or even academic discussion. This creates disadvantages especially to the weak who are the majority in encountering such criminal acts and also causes multiple harms (Box, 1983,
One of the main reasons why a rape or continued rape may go underreported is because of the relationship between the victim and the perpetrator. If the intimacy begins to build with on-going abuse, it can create a bond or a "relationship" between the victim and the perpetrator, sometimes manipulating the victim into believing the sexual assault is normal. When a victim is being abused by a romantic partner, an ex partner or a spouse, it can be viewed as a simple "misunderstanding" between lovers. In fact, according to our text book "Traditionally, marital rape was not considered to be a crime, but recent statutory changes recognize it as a crime, at least under some circumstances." Other reasons for victims to not cooperate or fear to report are as follows: "fear of disbelief from authorities, fearing that without significant injuries that the rape will not be taken seriously, harmful publicity, retribution from the rapist, insensitive treatment by law enforcement and hospital staff, rejection by mate or family, blame for the rape".
This leads on to labelling theory because single mothers are often labelled as ‘chavs’ according to Hamilton, therefore, they can be more likely to live up to this label, which makes it harder for them to continue the normal routines of everyday life which can lead to abnormal actions (Becker, 2008). Although, labelling theory can be criticised as not everyone who is labelled will live up to that label. Being labelled can motivate people to move away from negative stereotypes, which is shown within the article as single-mothers take part conspicuous consumption to move away from these labels, rather than act on them; which can remove the stigma surrounding single-mothers and chavs. Merton 's strain theory (1968, p.230) is present within the article, whereby people will turn to crime to attain their desired goods if they cannot do it through legitimate means (hard work, education). Denise and Barry believe they have to buy their children designer brands so that their children do not
Not only did the authorities silence these issues, but when these women were molested, the women themselves kept quiet, as it was a personal issue, and they feared they would be shunned, rather than the molester themselves. Rape amongst the greater Aboriginal population became so frequent, that almost every Indigenous girl would be raped at least once in their life. The crime rate against female Aboriginals was so high that no longer were these sins being shunned and dealt with properly, but overlooked. The Government, in the meantime, showed lack of responsibility in the desperate times of need. While the
There are many forms of the sexism which include occupational sexism, sexual harassment and violence, reproductive choices, educational attainment, political empowerment, health care and many others. It will be mainly about the occupational sexism and sexual harassment and assault in this essay. In accordance with the Human Rights Record of the United States in 2013, it points out “American women and children 's rights were not fully protected” . In the aspect of the occupational discrimination, the women firemen are just 3% of all whose ratio in the 2013 is the same as in the 1995. And the wage inequalities  are still common in the American society.
Women's rights are the rights and entitlements claimed for women and girls worldwide, and formed the basis for the women's rights movement in the nineteenth century and feminist movement during the 20th century. In some countries, these rights are institutionalized or supported by law, local custom, and behavior, whereas in others they are ignored and suppressed. They differ from broader notions of human rights through claims of an inherent historical and traditional bias against the exercise of rights by women and girls, in favor of men and boys.  Women constitute almost half of the world population. However, their enjoyment of rights equally with that of men is far from satisfactory.
All around the world, genders are being discriminated by the opposite gender. The thing is that we all know that it is wrong but we have continued to do it for years. Gender based discrimination is a very critical issue in social discrimination. Men and women always comprise the two halves of the population in every society. However, the rights and opportunities afforded to women have never been on the same level with the rights and opportunities accorded to men of the said societies.
One of the biggest casualties of war zones are women being sexually abused/raped. There have been accounts of rape within many wars if not most of them such as Bosnia-Hersogovina, Afghanistan/Iraq war, etc. Updated articles/media has paid very little attention to the psychology of the offender; thus, the issue of wartime rape has remained mysterious. This academic paper SEXUAL VIOLENCE AND MILITARY 3 explains an in-depth analysis of why soldiers rape in wartime. The psychological
As mentioned before, mandated reporting has been shown to actually make women feel less safe. Confidentiality issues arise with mandatory reporting and may cause turmoil in the patient/health care provider relationship. Victims of Intimate Partner Violence may be reluctant to pursue medical support in emergency situations for this reason and many others. Other reasons that victims of Intimate Partner Violence may be reluctant to pursue medical attention may include that the victim may truly believe that he/she can handle the situation on their own, or the victim may also fear disciplinary abuse when the abuser learns that the abuse was reported. There are currently no laws that one-hundred-percent guarantee the safety of a victim of Intimate Partner Violence (The Association of Women 's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses, 2015, p. 407).