I watched the Reimer documentary in biopsychology last semester, and it is still hard to watch. I found it frustrating that Max from the documentary Middle Sexes: Redefining He and She, experienced about the same treatment from his family as David. Both were left in the dark by family regarding the significance of procedures performed, and because of that fact, were not provided therapy to heal from such major procedures. David was given conversion therapy, which is currently illegal for many ethical reasons. Dr. Money blatantly jumped to conclusions based on traditional gender roles and genital characteristics that were sociologically appropriate at the time.
The document was very scandalous by many at the times, especially in the local newspaper. This revolutionary document was one of the first to formally propose that women deserved not only more rights and privileges, but equality in their political, social, and economic climates, including the vote. Long before the American Suffrage movement, women like Olympe de Gouges fought for equal right during the French Revolution. Her position on women’s issues was considered quite radical for her time and voiced her opinion in “Declaration of the Rights of Women and Citizen” written in 1791. Though the declaration is addressed to the queen, de Gouges aimed to appeal to enlightenment philosophers and men a swell.
Gloria Steinem can ultimately be said to be a leader of the feminist movement in the 1960s and 1970s. Her involvement in the movement shaped the way feminism is viewed in the USA today, especially considering her role in causes such as abortion, and women in journalism, specifically Ms. Magazine. While she was not solely responsible for any part of the Women’s movement, as she was part of different groups of women who “led” the movement, her influence is undeniable, and most certainly pivotal to how modern feminism is viewed today. Second wave feminism came as a response to the reinstatement of the domestic role of women as women’s sole role in a post-World War Two society. A male centred society and the patriarchy were once again being accepted as the norm and perpetuated.
According to Hooks (2000) as cited in Considine and Dukelow (2009:141) “Feminism is a movement to end sexism, sexist exploitation, and oppression”. It is necessary to explain the different types of feminism that are present in society first. Freedman (2001:5) states that there are many
Differences between genders has become an increasingly distinct topic with feminism becoming the main topic of discussion. However, as important as feminism is in society nowadays, in played a huge role in the 1980’s especially in the play Real Women Have Curves by Josefina Lopez. In the play, Real Women have Curves, the characters of Pancha, Carmen, Ana, and Rosali are all affected by their gendered identities and their beliefs in feministic principles. The story is based on feminism
She seperated herself from what society belived a women should do and created many radical changes for that time period. Many of her fellow friends, characterized as going crazy and too hopeful. But in the years later to come, Jane Addams would redefine what a women can and should do. She once said, “Old-fashioned ways which no longer apply to changed conditions are a snare in which the feet of women have always become readily entangled” (JaneAddams). With this, Jane Addams shaped the progressive era by limiting/abolishing the amount of work hours people
Similar to Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, which ignited the environmental movement, Betty Friedan’s The Feminine Mystique sparked the second wave of feminism. American society limited women’s roles to housewife and feminine jobs such as teachers and secretaries. Friedan and her supporters focused on job equality and equal pay, but soon the movement progressed and split into two factions, women’s rights and women’s liberation. The liberation movement, composed mostly of young, radical women, advocated for much more than equal job opportunities and education which the women’s rights movement demanded.
in 1967. Friedan died on her birthday in 2006.The mission continued and more females are joining Feminism to keep fighting for equality. Waves of feminism were formed to identify the purpose of each fight. First there was the First Wave of Feminism, which apply for women’s right to vote. The Second Wave of Feminism was around the 1960s throughout the 1980s establishing work for women and much liberations and a bit more equalization.
In, The Feminine Mystique, Betty Friedan sets out to describe “the problem that has no name” regarding femininity and social constructs surrounding women post world war two, in an attempt to define the patriarchy. Published in 1963, during a time when marriages peaked in teen years and women were dropping out of college to marry- her work is largely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States. Finding herself alongside other women in the struggle of often being pressured to maintain a societal approved, stereotypical femininity, Betty writes with an undertone of bias that firmly pushes the belief that femininity has no standard and certainly not one that can be controlled by men. Though written with bias, significant research is provided within the document to support most claims Betty speaks on.
In this treatise brilliant on the hidden aspects of the second wave of feminism in the 1960s and 1970s, Sue Ellen Browder unmask the basics of theological, philosophical and cultural causes an entire generation or two of femininity authentic and to the false sense of security personality. Sue Ellen Browder was ousted
Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal. It defines, establishes, and achieves equal political, economic, personal, and social rights for women. “This was also the perspective conveyed by the best know histories of the American women’s movement published prior to 1970, in which feminism effectively began in 1848 at Seneca Falls and the focus was on votes for women” (Offen 6). In Margaret Atwood’s novel The Handmaid’s Tale shows how women advocated feminism in order to increase a political ideal. However, people say that it is impossible to read the novel without being aware of the issues of gender and the aspects of feminism, that are central to it.
During the 1800’s, those who saw social prejudice or corruption started many reform movements to correct the difficulties in America. The Second Great Awakening really helped shape the United States into a religious nation and paved the way through the reform movements, while stressing individual choice that caused an uprising in denominations leading to followers by the masses. Antislavery abolitionism became a movement mostly because of influence from the religious revival that was taking place, and demonstrating to all of those religious that slavery is a sin. Reformists of the antislavery movement transformed their thoughts forward of equality to all people, no matter their race.
During the Progressive Era, the federal government and reformers were mostly successful in bringing about national reform. An increased effort to improve working conditions, equality for race and gender, and the nation’s economy and government was taken. This action was enforced by the federal government, therefore showing that they were involved in the process.