To most ears, it probably sounds inoffensive. A little outdated and clinical, perhaps, but harmless enough: homosexual. But that five-syllable word has never been more loaded, more deliberately used and, to the ears of many gays and lesbians, more permissiveness. Homosexual’ is the ring of ‘colored’ now, in the way your grandmother might have used that term, except that it hasn’t been recover in the same way. Consider the following phrases: homosexual community, homosexual activist, homosexual marriage.
6003 Option 1 Vito Russo, author of The Celluloid Closet (1981, 1987), which was made into a documentary, critiqued not the invisibility of LGBT characters in movies but the way they were depicted. In the movie Cruising, the underlying message was that “homosexuality was contagious and brutal.” (Gibson, pg.304) Another example was in the movie, E.T: The extra-terrestrial, that a lesbian relationship was more intimidating than a creature from outer space. (Gibson.pg.305) In time, no longer were lesbians and gays so odd but most were depicted as violent or depressed. “In the films, The Hunger, Bound, and Basic Instinct showed lesbians as violent and outsiders.” (Gibson, pg.305) Although, the intent was to show the LGBTQ community in a more sympathetic
The social argument for homosexuality dates back to the ancient Greeks. Aristophanes, investigates homosexuality, as a desire by men to share a long-term fulfilment of the soul (Heffner, 2003). (Heffner, 2003) continued to state that Aristophanes believed that two souls are longing to be together, and the sexual desire alone is not strong enough to create homosexuality, but that the cultural environment allows or forbids the relationship to occur. According to (Heffner, 2003) the current debate is whether or not homosexuality is a result of nature, a person’s environment and surroundings, or of his biology and genetics, the debate tolerates both sides because both sides have the ability to create a scientific environment to support their cause.
Christian religion is and has been a powerful shaper of sexual norms. Priests and monks are seen virtuous. Procreation beliefs is that sexuality tradition is heterosexual marriage with goals of having children, also called procreational ideology. Having sex before marriage, homosexual sex is very wrong in religion. Only man and women are to be together due to they are the only ones that can procreate.
Two predominant social theorists on homosexuality that I read about and I found their information very interesting was David Halperin and Jean Foucault. Both Halperin and Foucault believe that the environment may contribute to a person’s homosexuality, but their ideas are very different. Halperin believed in Plano physical theory, this theory believes that homosexuality is an error. Halperin postulates that if a child have a strong mom and weak dad, who has unresolved Oedipus complex, will eventually lead to a weak and homosexual son. But many psychologist disagree and feel like this same arrangement may make the son stronger instead of weak.
Yasmin Y. DeGout wrote an essay in the African American Review entitled, "Dividing the Mind: Portraits of Homoerotic Love in Giovanni's Room" (1992). In her essay, DeGouts argues that in his book, "Giovanni's Room", author James Baldwin depicts homoerotic love in two contrasting ways: as a natural yet tragic interaction between the protagonist and his love interest and as an atypical type of relationship caused by a result of David's past. DeGout supports her argument by, first, discussing society's views on homosexuality during the time period of Giovanni's Room as evidence of Baldwin's two depictions of homoerotic love. DeGout discusses the process of Baldwin's theme in his book and how his editor suggested that he destroy his manuscript,
These biologically unnatural pseudo-bonds undermine the strength of a society. A person's sexual inclination or attraction doesn't change the social necessity of using sex exclusively for its biological purpose: heterosexual pair bonding. Altering the definition of marriage does not change the biological need for healthy heterosexual pair bonds." "I look at it from a biological perspective—what is best for the human species. The fact is that the more promiscuous a society is, the more social and health problems we have (“promiscuous” meaning intimate sex outside of a heterosexual marriage).
The early 1900s was an era when homosexuality was denounced socially, as it was unlawful for majority of the world including the United States of America. Authors were cautious when discussing themes of homosexuality that did not conform with public opinion. Scott Fitzgerald’s wit and cleverness, were instrumental in showcasing the underlying theme of homosexuality without certifying it. In The Great Gatsby, by F. Scott Fitzgerald, protagonist Nick Carraway consistently possesses characteristics of a homosexual, through his adoration of Jay Gatsby, homosexual encounters and his apathy towards females. The Great Gatsby, is told in a first person perspective, through the persona of Nick Carraway.
Homosexuality can be defined as a sexual orientation and a sense of personal and social identity with or without alternative life style. For some western countries homosexual issues are the norms and are accepted in their lives but it is different with countries like Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore and others. The majority of them are from among those who are Muslims. Their views on homosexual issues are different in that they assume homosexual acts are totally wrong because they are strictly forbidden in Islam and are a great sin if it is done. Homosexuality means, the sexual orientation and fantasies, with or without overt sexual behavior with same sex partner.
Sanchez’ argument is further supported by a scene in the novel in which David sees a sailor and stares “at him, though I did not know it, and wishing I were he... he wore his masculinity as unequivocally as he wore his skin” (Baldwin 92). However, I disagree with the link Sanchez proposes between race and gender roles, when she claims that “Giovanni’s Room subtly depicts racial issues in America through the novel’s manifestation of bisexuality” (Sanchez 2). I think that she is digging too deep for some type of hidden meaning and that David’s internal conflict arising from being homosexual is due to him being homosexual in that time period, not as some “literal and metaphorical symbol for blackness” (Sanchez
The 1920s were changing times and with people becoming more open about who they were, the idea of homosexuality began to become more widespread. However, that did not mean that homosexuality was in any way accepted by society. Doctors and psychologists believed that there was something wrong with people who identified as homosexual and there was a way to “fix” them. The doctors underwent studies attempting to classify and categorize these people based on their human behavior. Havelock Ellis was a physician and psychologist who discussed a phenomenon known as “sexual inversion.” In Ellis’ mind, homosexuals were known as “inverts” and the things that they were doing were problematic in his eyes.
In “Traditional Mother and Father” Still the Best Choice for Children” (2002), Tom Adkins argues that heterosexual parents are a better choice for a child than homosexual ones. Adkins supports his claim by undermining the AAP’s data that concludes that “parents ' sexual orientation alone cannot predict their ability to provide a supportive home environment for children”, by citing the report No Basis: What the Studies Don 't Tell Us About Same Sex Parenting, whose author states "the studies are fatally flawed in methodology, technique and analysis. Some didn 't even have control groups.” (Lerner). He uses numerous reports, studies, and academic papers in order to provide a scientifically backed argument to why heterosexual parents are