It is also important to develop speaking and listening skills together because most of the time in real life these skills are needed at the same time. In addition to speaking, teachers can ask students practice writing a topic related to the listening. Thus, combining those skills will help prepare students for listening situations in real life where several skills often need to be used simultaneously. Harmer (2007) suggests “live listening” can be applied for listening lesson instead of using audio material story-telling, interviews, and conversations. Adding to that, Doff mentions that “using English for chatting to the class, for giving instructions and explanations” will provide students with very useful listening practice.
Speaking: 1.1. The Definition of speaking: Speaking is an indispensable skill that language learners should master with the other language skills. It is defined as a convoluted process of sending and receiving messages through the use of verbal expressions, but it also includes non verbal symbols such as gestures and facial expressions. Hedge (2000) defines speaking as “a skill by which they [people] are judged while first impressions are being formed. "(p.261).That is to say speaking is an essential skill which deserves more attention in both first and second language because it reflects people’s thoughts and personalities.
2. The importance of listening skill 1. (Ted Power, 2009) has mentioned that reading and listening are very important language skills in our everyday lives, where the students should be aware of the possibilities and the uses of reading and the listening because both are exploring new activities which facilitate discover creative methods in which language is used and help them to enhance the awareness of the use of grammar and other things related to language. 2. Reading and listening have a significant role in the vocabulary acquisition because words do not exist on their own, but they depend on each other and live with other words (Boyle, 1987; Longman Nation, 2005) .
Drama activities are not only used as games (language games), but also serve as a teaching tool. Any learning has to be monitored to assess the progress of a child, which is possible only through evaluation and analysis. The main point here is to give constructive feedback, valuing the students` performances, finding something positive to comment on, putting emphasis not only on the end product and language but also on the process that they went through, following the holistic approach. “If students easily tend to be distracted, then an effective assessment makes students not only concentrate on others’ performances but also improves their abilities of self-learning. It becomes easy for teachers to manage the class” (Hu 10).
What makes this sub-skill particularly important to teach in the classroom is that quite often the ESL student will make the mistake of attempting to read every word in the L2 language. Using this sub-skill it promotes improved reading skills correcting this common mistake. This therefore allows reading skills to be developed more effectively. What can be highlighted in ESL is the practical applications that can be applied to the Scanning in the reality. Exercises in involving detailed information such as train or plane timetables or even a TV guide can be practical applications of this skill.
But to learn a language they must improve the four basic LSRW skills. In order to achieve this they rely on various teaching aids, such as audio and visual aids, online resources and so on. In this paper Reading, one of the language skills is selected. While teaching reading to the heterogeneous group of students of varied proficiency levels, a teacher must focus on what kind of strategies they are using based on their learning styles. Gradually these strategies form basis for their active, conscious, and purposeful self regulation of learning.
Thus, the ability in speaking skill is a crucial and important part of second language learning and teaching process. The mastery of speaking skill in the English language is a priority for many second language or foreign language students. Even though periods of focusing on language form and enhance vocabulary are important in English language learning, but developing the students’ ability to really communicate with English in the classroom are the main goal of an English language teaching. At the end of the study, the students should be able to communicate effectively in English for study, work, and leisure outside the classroom. Therefore, it is essential that English teachers pay great attention in teaching speaking to the students.
Whole-class learning is able to proceed largely because students are able to learn when the task comes within the range of their current knowledge. Mixed groups at professional courses pose special problems for both learners and teacher. Learners in a mixed group class at professional courses possess different levels of linguistic and communicative competencies. Most teachers understand in practice that the learners have different linguistic standards in English language, i.e. learning ability and ability to perform in English.
Perhaps in this situation, most evident technological related vocabularies are growing, but everyone knows that these items are important. Such realities are related to their lives and work. Increasing English vocabulary is exciting, but it means that teachers and students need equally to be in the manner of learning vocabulary. As the titles of pedagogically oriented papers have changed over the years remarkably, we can hardly get the idea of what is the best method by a measuring them. While the time was elapsed the focus was on grammatical description, and drilling methods, modern methods reflect real communication in the classroom, help students understand spoken and written language, and participate in conversations better than prior methods.
It can be fun of practice where the student can get many creative teaching from the teacher. By teachers’ creativivity, it makes students more interesting because there are so many activity that can be used by the teacher like using mimic real in this case is like pantomim that have meaning so that students can catch what the teachers said. Many fun activities can make student to adaptation and be comfortable about target language which is supported by the easy instruction from the teacher itself. This fun practice activities not only as usual but use visual aids to improve their understanding about the content that they have. By using visual aids it can help the students to reach their objectives by providing emphasis to whatever being said.