November 4, 1979 student demonstrators assembled in the streets outside the United States embassy in Tehran. The protests would eventually turn violent as the students stormed the walls and entered the complex. The marines stationed inside were able to sound an alarm, which put the embassy into lock¬down. After several hours the Americans in the embassy were unable to last any longer and they were captured. The hostages were told that they would be released, however, only when the Shah was forced back to Iran in order to stand trial for the crimes he had committed.
Twenty years after reinstating the Shah, Iranians were dissatisfied with his government and instead wanted Ayatollah Khomeini, a clergy who supported a revolutionary Islamic government. The concept of the shah and his pro-American stance did not meet the standards of Iranians. Consequently, the shah was overthrown and exiled to Egypt. In regard to President Carter’s human rights sentiment, the United States administration refrained from defending the shah during Iran’s revolution. For many months, the shah lived in various countries and expressed interest in gaining asylum in the United States. While very few American citizens expressed any interest or knowledge of the shah and United States relationship, the Carter administration along with
Throughout its history, America has found herself involved in many sphere of influence circumstances. The United States in the past two hundred years has been the driving force of Democracies throughout the world. America has been submerged in operations from Latin America to the Middle East. Being this Global Force has created many complicated and messy situations, one of them being the Iran-Contra Affair. In no other reality would the countries Nicaragua and Iran ever come into the same sentence, but these two countries played a critical role in American History. It also brings about the simple question of why? Why are these countries so important? Why was the Reagan Administration involved in this and what was it that made them become
Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, a member of Iran’s royal family, was reinstated as Shah to the new government created in 1953 by Americans. The shah’s pro-western, secular government allied with the United States, blocked the Communist Russians from Iran. Preventing Russia from gaining access to Iran was an extensive addition to cheap oil relations of the United States. Diplomats used a single method to remain ties to the shah and insured cheap oil. This scheme composed granting any of the shah’s request including American weapons and fighter aircrafts. The shah’s ambition for his country consisted of a modern, wealthy, and westernized Iran with a strong military presence. Reza Pahlavi established himself as an autocrat and created SAVAK, a secret police,
The world has changed drastically in the last 66 years in vast ways. Some of these changes are based on developments in areas such as knowledge, public affairs and perspective. These changes are evident when reviewing Mohammed Mossadegh’s “Person of the Year” article from 1951. Mohammed Mossadegh was born in May of 1882. He grew up in the midst of major Iranian movements such as the 1891 Tobacco Revolt. He studied in France and Switzerland, then later eventually became prime ministers of Iran. Mossadegh was selected as Time 's magazine’s 1951 “Person of the Year” due to his nationalization of the Iranian oil. We are revisiting him today due to unknown factors at the time that article was written such as the United States involvement in the 1953 coup, the 1979 revolution, and other events that arise due to previous events.
The Iranian Hostage Crisis began on November 4th 1979 when a group of Iranian students and militants stormed the US embassy in Tehran, taking 90 people hostage including 66 Americans. 6 American’s however were able to escape. The film Argo produced in 2012 by Ben Affleck follows the story of these 6 American diplomats who sought refuge in the Canadian Embassy and used a Hollywood cover film, Argo, to flee Iran. Argo was a success, winning 3 Oscar’s and 2 Golden Globe’s, however from many Iranian’s perspectives, the film was a multitude of inaccuracies. It over-exaggerated the Iranian motives, excluded and distorted important Iranian historical events and portrayed the heroism of the CIA and the US government through neglecting major intelligence
Although George Orwell’s Animal Farm is an accurate allegory of the Russian Revolution, it also well applies as an allegory to the Islamic Republic of Iran 's recent Revolution in 1979. (Iran Chamber) The previous leader of Iran during the Iranian Revolution was Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, and the events building up to his overthrow are most important when discussing the interrelatedness of Iran being a modern day Animal Farm. Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi is most similar to Napoleon the pig, by both sharing the same strategic thinking, oppressive forces, and selfish motives when it comes to maintaining power.
My topic on Islam deals with the Iranian Revolution, which occurred in 1979. This event laid the groundwork for the Iran we know today. Like other Islamic movements, the revolution sought to reestablish Islamic principles and law. The shahs of the Pahlavi Dynasty, Raze Shah and his son Muhammad Raze Shah, transitioned Iran to secular views and ties with the west, especially the US. Though Muhammed Raze Shah did make some improvements for the Iranian people, these gains would hurt the Iranian economy and his image. In spite of some progress, Muhammed Raze Shah did use his power to oppress and control Irian life. His actions and repressive regime would eventually lead to his downfall and the creation of the Republic of Iran.
the article by Gregory Gause III “Is this the end of Sykes- Picot?” Gause highlights on the political instability and civil war in Syria and the continued social upheavals in Iraq, Gause relates these modern day international challenges to the faltering of artificial borders in the eastern Arab world, drawn by Britain and France after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. Gause reveals in his article a question for the reader, regarding whether or not the borders of the far eastern Arab world are about to be redrawn and if the colonial system entrusted by the Europeans is coming to conclusion. “The end of Sykes-Picot is the notion that political pundits use in order to justify their arguments that the border themselves are undergoing substantial change. Furthermore, the Sykes-Picot agreement of 1916 divided the former Ottoman territories between Britain and France, however, the final borders were determined by the two powers at the San Remo conference in 1920. After the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, Britain and France adopted an imperialistic
There were many reasons why people disagreed with the rule of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. First of all, he was a very rich man when most of Iran at the time lived in poverty. The gap between the rich and the poor grew dramatically during his regime. Pahlavi also tried to industrialize and model Iran after secular nations in the western world. People hated this idea because it was opposite to the conservative Islamic religion. By industrializing
Throughout the years, the main cause of the Iranian Islamic Revolution of 1979 has remained under question. Various thoughts and facts have been presented by historians, however, many different events and people led to this groundbreaking revolution. However, one of the main internal factors behind it appears to be the Shah’s weaknesses. Although the Shah had many supporters, unfortunately his weaknesses have proven to be a large factor of this revolution. In this paper I will discuss how this factor dominates the others, making it the main internal factor. To determine the extent of his weakness being the main factor, the investigation will explore how his failure to keep his word lead to his people becoming unsatisfied with the
The Iranian revolution was nothing to be shrugged at, as for many reasons its implications are so difficult to ignore that its story has trickled down to the general public, wherein any given person might have an opinion on this matter. But of course whenever a complex
Since the fall of the Shah of Iran, Mohammad Raza Pehlevi, following the Iranian Revolution of 1979 things have never been the same for The Islamic Republic of Iran. In the following research paper we will delve as to what led to the citizens of Iran to revolt against the shah, its effects on the country, its success or failure and finally comparing it with past and future revolutions.
The exclusion of Islam as a political, social and cultural force and the conversion of the Iranian monarchy into a dictatorship of the modern kind by Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi of the Pahlavi Dynasty in Iran during his regime ( Khomeini, 1981) had received rejections from the Iranian community and eventually resulted to the Islamic revolution which occurred in the year 1979. Although the rule under the Shah had modernise Iran and was supported by the United States and also, considered by the West that his rule was the most stable rule in Iran, he received oppositions by the majority of the community in Iran due to his tyrannical personality and his un-Islamic ways of reforming the country. The revolution was led by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khumayni. Khumayni, who wanted the state to be an Islamic Government, had a number of supporters for this movement of revolution. Among of his supporters were the Leftists, several of Islamic Organisations and the Iranian Student Movement. He was a devoted Shi’I and his upbringing was moulded by spiritual matters. The Islamic Revolution of 1979 had caused a huge stir and undeniably a great impact in Iranian history. It is vastly known that a very significant role was played by Khumayni towards the occurrence of this revolution and in the event itself. In this essay, I would analyse the role of Khumayni in