As we all know that Harappan civilization was a Bronze Age dated from 3300 to 1300 BCE mostly situated in North-West Indian subcontinent and in some parts of North-East Afghanistan. Majority of its sites are found in India and the largest concentration being along the Valley of Saraswati River and its tributary Drisadvati. This civilization, though being one of the oldest showed remarkable urban characteristics relevant to present day urban characteristics and was well known to the world for this. It’s known for its planned cities, drainage system and fire brick. Another remarkable aspect of Harappan culture was its craftsmanship and cottage industry which made it the wealthiest civilization in the world.
One of the most enduring achievements of Indian civilization is undoubtedly its architecture. Indian architecture, which has evolved through centuries, is the result of socio-economic and geographical conditions. Different types of Indian architectural styles include a mass of expressions over space and time, transformed by the forces of history considered unique to India. As a result of vast diversities, a vast range of architectural specimens have evolved, retaining a certain amount of continuity across history. Indian architecture is [known to be a] vast tapestry of production of the Indian Subcontinent that encompasses a multitude of expressions over space and time, transformed by the forces of history considered unique to the sub-continent,
This was extremely common in history and this is how Empires became established. The largest Empire was the British Empire compared to other Empires and had a significant role throughout history where rose to the top. The Empire was known to incorporate commonwealth beliefs with values of peace, order and good government. The establishment and long-lasting success remains a question for scholars and all reasons for their success include colonization, commerce and trade, and their unlimited resources. Research will allow me to provide background on the establishment of the British Empire.
It was immortally recounted in Punjabi, popularly as Heer Waris Shah1 by Sufi poet Waris Shah (1722-1798). Waris Shah’s poetic version of the tale was translated into English by Charles Frederick Usborne (1874 –1919) as Waris Shah: The Adventures of Heer and Ranjha2. Punjab was an area which on account of its natural and human resources, as well as its strategic location, played a crucial role in the political fortune of the sub-continent. Economically, trade and manufacture had developed in this area. Traders and administrators played an important role here because Punjab was placed at the juncture of important trade routes to Central Asia.
Kalidasa in his various writings selected the references of toponymy. Several eminent writers after Kalidasa, such as, Banabhatta, Bhavabhuti and Bharavi give insightful accounts of place names in their writings. The ancient inscriptions contain useful accounts not only with regard to various place names, but also throw light on the internal and external routes and on various facts of cultural geography. Names of important towns such as Pushkalavati, Sravasti, Pratishthana, Kanchi, Vahlika, Takshasila, Ujjaini, Vidisha, Mathura, Kausambi, among others are mentioned in several inscriptions, seals and
THEORY OF SETTLEMENTS STRUCTURE OF SHAHJAHANABAD SHAHJAHANABAD or old Delhi is the heart of the city and it is considered to be the seventh city of Delhi. This city was built in 1639, by Mughal emperor, Shahjahan (1627- 57), who shifted his capital from Agra to Delhi. The site for the new capital in Delhi was ideally suited as a convergence point of land routes, being centrally located geographical. The site was situated on the western bank of river Yamuna where a natural projection formed a triangle with the land and the river. To ensure its prosperity, the site was placed on a high land and was bow shaped (kamukha).
The artistic intricacy of Mughals reached a stage of maturity and refinement during the reign of Shajahan. The architecture development was remarkable in his period due to his interest and patronage towards Architecture. PLANNING OF SHAJAHANABAD Ancient India was bestowed with a great knowledge for highly
Best places to Visit in Delhi About Delhi Delhi is the capital of India. According to history Delhi had served as national capital of various kingdoms. It was central place of political, cultural and commercial activity. During the Mughal period also Delhi was the capital region. Delhi is the largest commercial centre in Northern India.
The city of Chandigarh stood as a symbol of modern India, and Corbusier’s ideals and principles lead him to create a city true to its location. Le Corbusier’s influence spread throughout India and inspired many great architects – Charles Correa, Raj Rewal and BV Doshi. These three architects, along with others like AP Kanvinde, Laurie Baker are renowned names that come to mind when talking about contemporary Indian
He has also involved in hotel industry with the name of Nishat hotels. Nishat diary limited also part of Nishat group which has best diary form in Pakistan with huge number of imported diary breeds coupled with experienced management. Nishat group also owned Emporium Mall Lahore which is the biggest shopping mall of Pakistan. PLANS: Nishat group had an agreement with Hyundai