Horatio’s next purpose is to give us insight into the mind of Hamlet, being his one true friend to whom he shares his most intimate thoughts. These two key roles not only reveal the reality of the play, but more importantly they reveal the character of Hamlet and how he perceives this reality. This friendship, with its constant use of foiling, serves as arguably the most important relationship in the entire play. From the very beginning of the play, Horatio is identified as the objective and critical voice of the play. We see this when the two guards, Marcellus and Bernardo, call Horatio in order to validate the ghost and even to question its true purpose.
Equally important, in the play Hamlet himself is able to occupy the liminal space between time dimensions of life and afterlife. In addition, throughout the play within a play, “The Murder of Gonzago”, Hamlet makes use of cognitive theories, and thus, succeeds to trigger the audience emotions which are mirroring the fictional emotions that are performed in the play within a play. Furthermore, for Hamlet the "mousetrap" play is a mirror that reflects the reality; hence, Hamlet 's meditations about the subject of time are in fact his cognitive expression for the fracture in time which was caused by his father 's death. Shakespeare opens the play with the words of Bernardo: "Who 's there?" which apparently triggers the
Play-scripts were manuscript and used as manuals to en-scene plays which were visually presented by actors for the purpose of entertaining and communicating implied meaning to an audience. Shakespeare’s play Macbeth was written during King Henry V’s reign over England, a historical context which emphasizes meaning to the basis of the play. Having read Shakespeare’s Macbeth and watched film director Justin Kurzel’s re-interpretation of the play starring Michael Fassbender we can identify dissimilarities and noticeable distinctions between the script and the movie. Through my analysis, I determined the main difference between the play-script and the movie to be the role of grief in influencing the actions of the main characters. This opens a
Shakespearean Criticism Online, go.galegroup.com.ezproxy.sccsc.edu. This source describes the imagery used in Hamlet. Clemen analyzes the patterns of imagery which unify the play. He notes that the language of the prince creates certain images. When Hamlet begins to speak, the images come to him without the slightest effort.
The first act of Othello is a microcosm of sorts for the entire play. In the first act, the reader sees Iago infect two characters with his evil methods, which are reflections of Iagos’ maneuvers in the subsequent Acts of the play, those Acts which progress according to Iago’s actions. In Shakespeare’s Othello, the characters’ strong and symbolic diction is an essential element in the progression of the events of the play. In considering the character of Iago with respect to his diction, the reader recognizes literary patterns which allow for a more profound insight into the text. Although these patterns should be viewed in light of the aggregate of the work, it is in Act 2 that the greatest amount of Iago’s metaphorical speech of disease and infection is found, wherein begins to craft his fatal web.
“Fair is foul, foul is fair...”(1,1,11) this well-known line in Shakespeare 's Macbeth challenges appearances versus reality and it remains a theme throughout the play. Shakespeare is notorious for using the theme appearances versus reality as seen in many of his plays such as Julius Caesar, Macbeth, Hamlet, and Romeo and Juliet. Shakespeare uses the faults of the human perception to discover the Truth for this he is regarded as one of the most influential playwrights of all time. He exploits appearance and reality to advance the plot, but it also comments on greater issues. In Macbeth and Hamlet, it focuses on the characters that are deceived by appearance and the errors in these judgments.
For example, Muriel Bradbrook in her two books – Elizabethan Stage Conditions (1932) and “Themes and Conventions of Elizabethan Tragedy” (1935) – demonstrates that Shakespeare and his great contemporaries transformed the limitations of convention into positive virtues. Logan Pearsall Smith in his book “On Reading Shakespeare”(1938) twitted Stoll as “the leader of the American and hardest-boiled schools of Shakespeare criticism.” But in spite of these writers the anti-character wave had reached its acme. Bradley’s name had become an anathema. Professor L.C. Knights severely criticized Smith for having talked about character in Shakespeare’s plays.
2. 3 The importance of Freudian approach in literature There are certain psychoanalytic concepts expressed by Sigmund Freud that can be applied to interpret literary texts. Most of the literary texts, like dreams, articulate the secret unconscious desires and concerns of the author, that a literary work is expression of the author’s own neuroses. One may psychoanalyze a particular character within a literary work, but it is usually assumed that all such characters are outcrops of the author’s psyche. The interesting side of this approach is that it confirms the importance of literature, as it is built on a literary key for the making out.
The mind is a powerful tool and it is up to one to learn from those in the past in order to help the future. William Shakespeare is one of the few writers that are still relevant and prominent in modern literature. His creation of new words and phrases are still used today and it is inevitable to quote one of his famous works. The articles “How Shakespeare influences the way we speak now” by Hephzibah Anderson, Octane’s “William Shakespeare's Impact on Theater”, and Sara Krulwich’s “How Outrage Built of a Shakespearean Depiction of Trump” portray the vibrant presence that Shakespeare still has in the modern day. Additionally, the excerpt from a graphic novel in Source D demonstrates the persistent influence Shakespeare has on creating consistent
This investigation employs the method of historicist criticism focusing on the imaginary transaction which involves the speaker speaking the poetic vision to the addressee. Historicism is a critical approach that uses the events of an author’s life to explain meaning in the author’s work. Hence, it insisted that to understand a literary piece, one must need to understand the author 's life, ideas circulating at the time, and the sociocultural milieu. Thus, the investigation reveals in the imaginary transaction that the male persona addresses the poetic vision of Platonic love to his beloved. Furthermore, Shakespeare shows that falling in love is an inescapable aspect of the human condition—indeed, expressing love is part of what makes us human.