In the Tragedy of Macbeth by William Shakespeare has many hidden messages, not to mention many obvious ones. One message in the play is “Foul is fair and, fair is foul” (1.1.12) This quote can be translated out to, bad is good and good is bad. Confusing right? In the play, the main character, Macbeth gets the idea he may become king. The play follows him through his power struggle to the kingship, and it is not a good one.
Name : Salma Last name : Obeid ID: 151067 Course: A230A Shakespearian’s ambiguity Tragedies are written plays in which the protagonist dies at the end. The protagonist is recognized as being the hero of the tragic play; however, some tragedies, at some point, shed the light on another character creating confusion in the mind of the readers about the state of the true hero. Shakespeare’s Othello is one of these tragedies. In Othello, the protagonist is Othello , but the flow shift sometimes to the character Iago who is the second main character in the tragedy. Although the protagonist fulfilled his role and died, his subsidiary caused a dilemma whether he is or not the hero of the play.
Primarily, by reading Shakespeare’s plays he creates the setting and language of the novel. In the same manner, he uses his dramatic technique in creating Ahab as a tragic hero villain. The character’s madness and disrespectful behavior are part of this Shakespearean technique. Including tragedy in the novel made possible Ahab’s character. Moreover because
William Shakespeare’s The Winter’s Tale is ambiguous in nature, defying traditional genre criteria in the fact that deciding its true genre is dubious, and ultimately is to be determined by the readers. Moreover, an abundance of critics are intent on categorizing it to the ‘tragic’ genre, rather than a true comedy, due to the extent of misfortune that transpires. Despite this, Shakespeare himself placed it alongside the other comedies, hence, why this opposition prompts it to be regarded as a ‘problem’ play. A true comedy is considered a “drama written in a light, amusing, or satirical style and having a happy or conciliatory ending.” (Dictionary, Oxford English. ), yet The Winter’s Tale is written with a somber tone and features callous acts,
Guildenstern believes that “The only beginning is birth and the only end is death- if you can’t count on that, what else can you count on?” (I.31). The play is an example of the Theatre of the Absurd which departs from realistic characters, situations and all basic theatrical conventions. Repetitive or nonsensical dialogues and dramatic non-sequiturs are often used to create a dream-like state. Critics have often claimed that Stoppard’s play is heavily influenced by Samuel Beckett’s most popular work Waiting for Godot but what sets them apart is the Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are extremely preoccupied with death. In his essay, "Theatre at the Limit," Perlette (1985) rightly points out that Stoppard "knows that direct and immediate access to the reality of death is simply beyond the capacity of his audience" and that the only solution is to present that "illusory spectacles of death are the only kinds in which we are prepared to believe"(667).
Knights severely criticized Smith for having talked about character in Shakespeare’s plays. He wrote: “And if we wish for higher authority we have only to turn to the book by Mr. Logan Pearsall Smith, On Reading Shakespeare, Mr. Smith demands respect as the author of ‘Words and Idioms’, in which he showed the kind of interest in language needed for the critical approach to Shakespeare. But there is nothing of that interest in the present essay. Here Shakespeare is praised because he provides ‘the illusion of reality,’ because he puts ‘living people’ upon the stage, because he creates characters who are ‘independent of the work in which they appear… and when the curtain falls they go on living in our imaginations and remain as real to us our familiar friends.” [Knights L
A tragic hero is defined ‘a man in whom good and evil are mixed but in whom the good predominates’ according to Aristotle, which is paraphrased as ‘a kind, trustworthy person with a tragic flaw’. However a villain is defined as ‘a character whose evil actions or motives are important to the plot’ according the ‘Oxford Dictionary’. Macbeth possesses both of these traits. Ironically, at the start off the play, Macbeth appears as a loyal noble fighting for his king, but the witches recognize his moral weakness even before they meet him, as they were obviously interested in Macbeth and made a prophecy for Banquo, perhaps coincidentally as he happens to be with Macbeth. They started calling Macbeth Thane of Cawdor, which he already is but doesn 't yet know he is, and then telling him he will be King.
In the play King Lear, William Shakespeare portrays numerous themes to the audience and reader, but one of the most prevalent would be the theme of divine justice. William Shakespeare’s tragic play, contains occurrences of justice faltering in the facade of evil. As the tale unfolds, the actions that are portrayed against Shakespeare’s characters shows that many injustices are made toward the innocent. Shakespeare’s prolonging of serving justice is evident in his tale, but in the end justice is always served even if it is at the cost of an injustice. In William Shakespeare’s play, King Lear, by creating the chief central theme of divine justice, Shakespeare allows for his audience and readers to have a fuller understanding between the righteousness and the corruption that influences the world.
The first act of Othello is a microcosm of sorts for the entire play. In the first act, the reader sees Iago infect two characters with his evil methods, which are reflections of Iagos’ maneuvers in the subsequent Acts of the play, those Acts which progress according to Iago’s actions. In Shakespeare’s Othello, the characters’ strong and symbolic diction is an essential element in the progression of the events of the play. In considering the character of Iago with respect to his diction, the reader recognizes literary patterns which allow for a more profound insight into the text. Although these patterns should be viewed in light of the aggregate of the work, it is in Act 2 that the greatest amount of Iago’s metaphorical speech of disease and infection is found, wherein begins to craft his fatal web.
“Fair is foul, foul is fair...”(1,1,11) this well-known line in Shakespeare 's Macbeth challenges appearances versus reality and it remains a theme throughout the play. Shakespeare is notorious for using the theme appearances versus reality as seen in many of his plays such as Julius Caesar, Macbeth, Hamlet, and Romeo and Juliet. Shakespeare uses the faults of the human perception to discover the Truth for this he is regarded as one of the most influential playwrights of all time. He exploits appearance and reality to advance the plot, but it also comments on greater issues. In Macbeth and Hamlet, it focuses on the characters that are deceived by appearance and the errors in these judgments.