Equivocation is a weapon that grants significant power over a situation to its caster by enabling them to reveal the true intentions of the victim and manipulate their action with the results depending on the intent of the equivocator. In the beginning of the play, the witches set forth the tragic actions to follow by using equivocation on Macbeth. These wicked beings manage to accomplish tempting Macbeth, drawing out his desire for kingship, engineering the death of Duncan. Firstly, the author shows this through Banquo’s caution to Macbeth for considering the plausibility of the Witches’ equivocal prophecies using tropology and rhetoric. Sensing Macbeth’s growing obsession with the prophecies, he compares the witches to “instruments of darkness [who] tell us truths/ Win us with
After the victory of Banquo and Macbeth against the king 's traitor Macdonwald the witches presence contract the vibe of manipulation seeking Macbeth as its next victim. As they encounter with Macbeth and Banquo, they start-off questioning the trio of leery ladies. "look not like the inhabitants of the earth, / And yet are on it"; they seem to understand him, and yet he cannot be sure; they "should be women," and yet they are bearded. One by one the witches told Macbeth his upcoming abundance of power leaving him immensely petrified. As a result the prophecies were the contemporary force plaguing Macbeth into slaughtering King Duncan for his aspiration.
I think that William Shakespeare is showing us that Macbeth has been tied to a prophecy and it is now time for them all to be fulfilled. In the beginning, we are told about Macbeth become “king hereafter”, we know that he does become king when he murders king Duncan and says that the “deed is done”. This shows how Macbeth’s mind became a well of damage when he begins hallucinating and saying, “Is this a dagger which I see before me”. I believe that these thoughts are what lead him to kill Duncan, and they act as images that the witches would supernaturally place into Macbeth’s mind. Macbeth did help us test whether or not we could truly trust the witches’ predictions sending out murderers to murder Banquo and his son Fleance, the witches show that they will not release their grip on Macbeth when one of the murderers says “Fleance, is ‘scaped.”This event lets us know that Macbeth cannot impact any outside factors because the witches have already determined the future, by ensuring that Fleance is still an available heir.
This ambitious nature and craving for power is also demonstrated only moments after hearing the witches, when he starts formulating a plan to kill Duncan in order to make the third prophecy come true. “If good, why do I yield to that suggestion[killing Duncan]/Whose horrid image doth unify my hair” (I, III, 144-145). This quote indicates that the force of ambition is so strong within Macbeth that even he himself cannot understand why it is making him think of killing Duncan. Likewise, Macbeth’s ambition to become king is further emphasized after Duncan names his son Malcolm as his successor. Here, Macbeth says that he will have to “oerleap,/For in my way it [Malcolm] it lies” (I, III, 55-57).
The witches told Macbeth that his prophecy was to become king. They had also told Banquo that his descendant will take the throne later on. In Act III, Banquo said, “Thou played’st most foully for ’t..” meaning that Macbeth has murdered Duncan to become king. The witches told Macbeth that he will become king, So he tried to force it. Banquo
In the play Macbeth, the Witches play a bigger role than one might expect. The Witches are temptations of evil and with the Witches’ mischief prey upon Macbeth’s ambition like puppeteers. The Witches give Macbeth numerous prophecies that are told to provoke Macbeth towards his doom. The prophecies give Macbeth thoughts of treason against the King, tells Macbeth to secure the kingdom from Banquo’s descendants, and give Macbeth the false courage that leads him to think he was invincible. If the Witches’ prophecies did not guide Macbeth, his life would not have led to tragedy.
Well Lady Macbeth, who is dead set on having absolute power, disagrees with that. She convinces Macbeth to kill, to cover up the murders, and tries to convince him that these murders will get them to the top. Lady Macbeth calls upon the witches and states, “unsex me here, and fill me from the crown to the toe top-full of direst cruelty” (Macbeth Act 1 Scene 5 lines 31 and 31). This shows that while in the pursuit of power, Lady Macbeth wanted it so much that she asked the witches to “unsex” her and make her more like man. But along with that you see the theme of gender roles are uncertain which ties into Lady Macbeth leading Macbeth in this pursuit of power, also giving him the ambition that she wants him to
During their time together, the witches give Macbeth another prophecy by telling him “beware Macduff; beware the thane of Fife... Be bloody, bold, and resolute; laugh to scorn the power of man, for none of woman born shall harm Macbeth... Be lion-mettled, proud; and take no care Who chafes, who frets, or where conspirers are: Macbeth shall never vanquish 'd be until Great Birnam wood to high Dunsinane hill shall come against him” (Mac.4.1.81-107). Since Macbeth was told to beware of Macduff, he decides he is going to kill Macduff. When he goes to carry out the plan, Macduff is not there, but he instead he kills Macduff’s wife and kids. For a third time Macbeth is doing something morally wrong due to what the witches told him about his fate, that he would have never done had they never told him. After this happens Macbeth starts to calm down because he thinks there is no way the woods will move from Dunsinane hill and he knows everybody is born from a woman.
Another intriguing yet blatant aspect of loss of identity in Shakespeare's play is drawn from Macbeth's drastic change in personality which drives from his thirst for power that starts to control him; ultimately changing who he ends up to be. At the beginning of the play, Macbeth is a highly respected individual - saluted for his service to the King. However when he meets the witches and is spoken to about the prophecy, this begins to change. Macbeth is immediately inclined to believe what the witches have to say through their persuasive and manipulative speech. One of the witches exclaims 'All hail, Macbeth - that shalt be King hereafter!'.
She even calls upon the dark spirits to take away her soft womanliness. The Witches use words to spark the deep desire within Macbeth to become king. They prophesize that he will one day become king, but, they also prophesize that although Banquo may not be king himself he will produce a long line of heirs to the throne. Macbeth sees this as a threat and he ultimately ends up murdering Banquo and his family. The Witches words spark the conflict within the play.