Shame In The Odyssey

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Unlike the concept of honor that distinguishes cultural differences between Greek and Japanese, the word “shame” seems to convey the meaning of something unacceptable to society in both cultures. However, the word “shame” carries something more than one’s unethical action. It carries connections with historical philosophy that deeply submerges on its culture, which discriminate the one cultural literacy from the other. Homer’s Iliad demonstrates two types of shame: human and divine adios. The word aidos means shame in English, which prefix aid- carries the meaning, “respect the power of” (Konstan 1035). A scholar James A. Arieti exemplified two types of human adio and divine adio as following: Thus Phoenix, in his great ‘allegory’ of the Litae,

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