Shammuramat: The Queen Of Assyria

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In 9th century BC, Shammuramat was a Queen of Assyria and the first lady to rule without a man. According to historian Gwendolyn Leick, “This woman achieved remarkable fame and power in her lifetime and beyond.’’. She was powerful enough to have her own obelisk inscribed and it is accepted that she initiated a number of building projects and personally led military campaigns. If we glimpse into Egyptian History, the name Nefertiti (c. 1370 - c. 1336 BCE) comes up first. She was the wife of the pharaoh Akhenaten and together they shaped Egypt into most cultural and most powerful nation during that time. It is a well-known fact that her husband was very much devoted to her and such was her that she influenced monotheism towards Sun God Amon…show more content…
After bankruptcy and civil war, Egypt enjoyed prosperity and peace under her reign until she chose to commit suicide when Octavian pursued them after a battle in Actium. Much years later, in the Early Middle Ages, Empress Theodora was one of the most influential and powerful women. She was the wife of Emperor Justinian I and joint ruler of the Byzantine Empire. Theodora participated in making Constantinople one of the world’s most sophisticated cities and promoted women’s rights. In those times, she was compassionate and intelligent enough to pass laws that prohibited forced prostitution and closed brothels, gave women more rights in divorce and property ownership, gave mothers guardianship of their children, instilled a death penalty for rape, and forbade the killing of a wife who committed adultery. We note how even in those ancient times, the rights of a women were ensured. Moving west side, Europe’s array of female leaders comes forward. In the 15th and 16th century, the power of three strong women who exercised their intelligence was highly noticeable. Those three women…show more content…
She herself was initially unsure about succeeding to the throne. But after her half-sister's death in November 1558 she did. The image of Elizabeth's reign is one of triumph and success though it also faced its share of wars. Her popularity and respect was boundless and she was often addressed as 'Gloriana', 'Good Queen Bess' and 'The Virgin Queen'. She was very well-educated (fluent in six languages) and she is known for her intelligence, shrewdness and determination. Her 45-year reign is one of the most glorious. She lay down in the 39 Articles of 1563, a compromise between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism. She is criticized as autocratic and capricious but she was also appreciated for her astute political judgment and chose her ministers well. Arts flourished at her kingdom- the first performance of Shakespeare’s ‘A Midsummer Night’s Dream’ took place then. Her time also saw many brave voyages of discovery, including those of Francis Drake and Humphrey Gilbert, particularly to the Americas. She prepared the ground for colonization and trade expansion by establishing the East India Company that invaded
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