Shanghai Cooperation Organization Case Study

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CHAPTER II
The Shanghai Cooperation Organization
2.1 The Origin of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization
Albeit its foundation in 1996, the embryo of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization has already lived long before. The Shanghai Cooperation Organization origins can be traced back to the 1960s, when the world was still in the midst of the Cold War. At that time, another conflict between two most prominent communist states, the Soviet Union and China re-emerged. This event known as the Sino-Soviet split.
During the early years of the Cold War, the Soviet Union and China seemed to be inseparable. Both states regarded by the West as the main supporting pillars of world Communism. Apparently, what the West did not realize was the Soviet Union and China had a long history of conflicts. The frictions between the two countries can be dated back to the 1930s, when the Soviet Union decided to support Chiang Kai-shek rather than Mao Tse-tung during the Chinese Civil War. However, when the war finally ended in 1950, relations between the Soviet Union and China recovered. Mao
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That was the reason why the meeting in Almaty was from other meetings, because for the first time since its establishment this forum addressed not only border-related issues, but also other transnational issues such as separatism, religious fundamentalism, terrorism, illegal arms smuggling, narcotics smuggling, and other transnational crimes. After the meeting in Almaty, this forum has taken on new dynamic as the member of this forum realize that they were in dire need of an institution that can shield them from threats posed by the above-mentioned problems—the realization of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization is getting

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